Psychology 100 Week 4 Notes
Psychology 100 Week 4 Notes Psychology 100 (
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Regan McGillick on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 100 ( at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Lori Bica in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO PSYCHOLOGY in Psychlogy at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 02/20/16
Psychology Week 4: (2/17,2/19) Learning and Behaviorism behavioral psych A) Learning: adaption to an environment that occurs within an individual’s life B) Behaviorists: they try to understand how learning enacts stimuli responds a. -> classical conditioning b. -> operant conditioning c. -> observational learning 1. Classical Conditioning – all learning is based or reflexes (any organism) a. Enough tissue to have a reflex=ability to learn b. Based on the nervous system A. Unconditioned Stimulus: a stimulus that elicits a reflexive stimulus without any previous training or conditioning B. Unconditioned Response: a reflexive that does not depends upon a previous conditioning C. Conditioned Stimuli: a stimulus that comes to elicit a reflexive response because of its previous pairing with another stimuli that already elicits a reflexive response. D. Conditioned Response: a reflexive response that was elicited by a stimulus because of a previous pairing of that stimuli with another stimuli that already elicits a reflexive response. Pavlov’s Conditioning: o Before conditioning (bell) -> no consistent response o Before unconditioned stimuli (food) -> unconditioned response (salivation) o During conditioning -> stimuli (bell), unconditioned stimuli (food) -> unconditioned response (saliva) o After conditioning -> conditioned stimulus (bell) -> conditioned response (salvation) Habituation = not classical conditioning // simple form of conditioning – decline in reflexive response when the stimuli is repeated several times in succession. I. Classical Conditioning -Generalization: When that stimuli that resemble a conditional stimulus will elect the conditioned response even though it never has been paired with the unconditional stimuli. -Discrimination training: the procedure in both classical and operant conditioning – between 2 stimuli dismissed by reinforcing the response to one stimuli and extinguishing the response -Extinction: the gradual disappearance of a conditioning reflex that results when a conditioned stimulus occurs repeatedly with out the unconditioned stimulus. -Spontaneous Recover: both classical and operant conditioning, the return-due to the passage of time with no further testing or training – of a conditioned response that had previously undergone extinction 1. Generalization & Discrimination (discrimination used to break generalization) Ex: if a person is bitten by a white cat, they may now fear that specific cat and all other white cats. Their fear response to all other white cats resembles their fear of that one cat that bit her. (Generalization occurs when 2 stimuli are physically similar to one another- as well as when 2 stimuli are similar in their meaning to the person) 2. Spontaneous Recovery & Estinction (extinction has to come 1 ; sometimes is permanent; followed by spontaneous recovery) Ex: Ann go into a car accident and then immediately had a year of driving. Eventually her fear of driving went away, but then 7 months later, she suddenly became very tense and nervous while driving. -At one point there was an extinction of her fear of driving, but then 7 months later the return of the fear was an act of spontaneous recovery What does Classical Conditioning do for us???? a) Stimulus -> response = a. Unconditional stimulus -> response b. Conditional stimulus -> response b) Stimulus -> Stimulus = conditional stimulus -> mental representation of unconditional stimulus -> Response (( We learn by ASSOCIATION )) J
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