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Music 262: History of Rock N Roll Notes- 2/15-2/19

by: Khatren Reed

Music 262: History of Rock N Roll Notes- 2/15-2/19 Music 262

Marketplace > Washington State University > Music 262 > Music 262 History of Rock N Roll Notes 2 15 2 19
Khatren Reed

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About this Document

These notes cover what is going to be on our next exam
Music 262 Rock Music: History and Social Analysis
Brian Carter
Class Notes
Music 262, history, Music, History of Rock N Roll
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Khatren Reed on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 262 at Washington State University taught by Brian Carter in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views.


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Date Created: 02/20/16
Monday 2/15/16 President’s Day Jackie Wilson 2/17/16 • Enormous range and sheer power- great instrument of R&R • Sweeping register leaps, rich vibrato, falsetto breaks was his trademark • One of the most misdirected in the business • Energetic and agile showman • Back-flips, cartwheels, moonwalks, handstands while singing • It was better to SEE Wilson in concert • First minor hit was Reet Petite • Written by Barry Gordy (old friend from boxing days) • Used all styles of gospel singing to fuel his spectacular vocal gymnastics Wilson’s Tragic End • Two sons gunned down in Detroit • Shot and nearly killed by crazed fan • Collapsed on stage during 1975 concert • Lapsed into a coma and remained in a hospital with little help • In and out of a coma for nine years- died in 1984 • Money raised to put a headstone on his grave in 1987 • Alleged he never received royalty payments from Brunswick • Sad indictment of the music industry at its very worst James Brown • Early music from gospel/R&B • Paved the way for others such as Otis Redding, Wilson Pickett, Sly and the Family Stone • Like Ray Charles, brought the church to the music, but in a much more frantic level • Became known as the “Hardest Working Man in Show Business” • Also became known as the “Godfather of Soul” • Harsh voice- one of the hardest in R&B • Unique Sound- Groove referred to as “The One” • Highly syncopated (off beat) rhythms using the choked chord guitar sound • Broken bass lines (major influences on funk music) • Explosive horn riffs with tight rhythmic punches • Was overshadowed by the British Invasion • Never had a #1 song on the POP charts • But had 17 #1 songs on the R&B charts James Brown Selected Songs • Please, Please, Please (1956) • Think (1960) • Night Train (1962) • Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag (1965) • I Feel Good (1965) • Get Up (I Feel Like Being a) Sex Machine (1970) The 60’s Soul- Artists of Memphis Solomon Burke • Never made a major impact upon the pop audience • Established a career with country tune- Just Out of Reach (0f My Two Empty Arms) • Brought a country influence into R&B • Important influence upon the Rolling Stones (Cry to Me and Everybody Needs Somebody to Love) • Had a smooth, lush voice with passion and power • Burke never celebrated a number one hit on the pop charts but enjoyed many hits in the R&B charts Wilson Pickett • More volatile ringer than Burke • Known as the “Wicked Pickett” • Atlantic’s best-selling southern soul performer • Much emotions in the music and viscerally exciting • In the Midnight Hour- one of the most successful songs of soul era • Lasted 23 weeks on R&B charts and 12 weeks on pop charts • Songs were Mustang Sally & Land of 1000 Dances Instrumental Soul- Memphis • Atlantic records merged with Stax Records • Resulted in a group of top level studio session players • Formed Booker T. and the MG’s • Became the back-up musicians for many of the Atlantic recording artists • Produced some big instrumental hits in the 60’s (Green Onions) – named it this to have as funky a name as possible • Featured in The Blues Brothers film • Some of The Memphis Session Players: Al Jackson, Steve Cropper, Donald “Duck” Dunn Otis Redding • Influence by early Little Richard • Communicated with the audience • Skillful at delivering ballads with passion • Earned a reputation as leading performer of soul ballads • These Arms of Mine and launched him as a solo artist • Up-tempo numbers scored in the pop market • Satisfaction / Shake / I Can’t Turn You Loose • Financially stable and extremely popular in the black circuit • His performance at the Monterey Pop Festival gained him a wider audience • His rise cut short when he died in a plane crash in December of 1967 • Sittin’ on the Dock of the Bay was released after his death (was his biggest hit) The Instrumental Groups (1950’s) • Rock has always had rock instrumental hits • Usually built on a simple riff • Early 60’s became an important time for instrumental groups • 1950’s groups set the trends for music that followed- Rocks First Garage Bands • Honky Tonk Part ½ and Tequila Duane Eddy • Most successful instrumental rocker of the late 50’s • Developed a style known as “twangy” guitar • Formed the model for surf band guitarists that followed 1960’s Instrumental Groups (Surf Music) • Surf music was primarily an instrumental style • Accompanied dances/beach parties along the Pacific Coast • Lack of vocals necessitated experimenting with sounds on the guitar • Guitar had virtually disappeared as lead instrument in early 60’s pop • Surf bands drew from Chuck Berry and the rockabillies • Reestablished the guitar as a central role of R&R • Use of tremolo, reverb and whammy-bar created a unique sound • Aggressive drumming was another key ingredient to the surf band sound • The Surfaris- Wipe Out AND The Chantays- Pipeline The Ventures • A Seattle based band • Solidifed the two guitar/ bass/ drum line-up • Heavily reverbed band sound • Not originally a surf band • Became a crowd favorite with the surf crowd


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