GOVT 2305 Week 5 Notes
GOVT 2305 Week 5 Notes GOVT 2305
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haylee Noonan on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GOVT 2305 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Iliyan Iliev in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Political Science at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 02/20/16
Federalism Federalism: • The system of governmentin which at least two levels of governmentshare governing over the same people. • Confederalismdid not work under Articles of Confederation • Benefits: ○ Local governmentspecialization can deal with problems better ○ Overlapping layers of governancecan address different issues ○ Differentiatefunctions of governmentand exercise of power • Origin of "federalism" ○ Federalist No. 9: Can suppress factions Providesfor domestic order Providesa means for governing both large and small interests through popular government More security Prevent one state/interestfrom getting too powerful ○ Federalist No. 39: Each state needed to approve Constitution Representationbased on states States retain authority in selecting president Government'soperational power is national in scope, but it still has certain limits. • Shifts in Federalism ○ Federal governmenttoday has large role in policy-making Steady expansion since Great Depression/NewDeal ○ Rise of Federal government: 1929-1945 Roosevelt'selection to presidency led to dramatic shift in the role of national government Programsof the New Deal also changed the role of national government Supreme Court struck down elements of the New Deal, "Constitutional Revolutionof 1937" Policies could now be made at the national level • Top-down Policy: ○ National government'spolicy influences choices of lower levels of government ○ Referred to as "picket-fencefederalism" ○ Uses local levels to deliver public policies to individuals ○ Benefits: Vertical alliance between state and federal agencies Policy specialization ○ Disadvantages: Mandated actions and unfunded mandates Delegation and monitoringproblems • Policy Instruments: ○ PositiveInducements: carrots Federal grants-in-aid Categorical grants Block grants ○ Negative Inducements: sticks Unfunded Mandates Qualifications of Federalism: Qualifications of Federalism: • Geography: ○ The same people and territory are included in both levels of government • Independence: ○ The nation's Constitution protects units at each level of government from the other units • Mutual Influence: ○ Each unit is in a position to exert someleverage over the other Types of Federalism: • Dual Federalism: ○ The states and national governmentpreside over mutually exclusive spheres of sovereignty • Shared Federalism: ○ State and national governmentsjointly supply servicesto the citizens Solving Collective Action Problems: • Coordination problems: ○ Licenses for truckers ○ Electric grid • Prisoner's Dilemmas: ○ Pollution ○ Minimum wage laws ○ Foreign trade policy
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