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Soc 1 O'Connell Week 7 Lecture Notes

by: Priscilla orellana

Soc 1 O'Connell Week 7 Lecture Notes Sociology 1

Marketplace > University of California - Irvine > Sociology > Sociology 1 > Soc 1 O Connell Week 7 Lecture Notes
Priscilla orellana

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About this Document

These notes cover O'Connell's lectures for week 7
Intro to Sociology
Chuck O'Connell
Class Notes
Soc 1, sociology, Intro to Soc, Intro to sociology, O'Connell, UCI
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Priscilla orellana on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 1 at University of California - Irvine taught by Chuck O'Connell in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 148 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of California - Irvine.

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Date Created: 02/20/16
Lecture 12 – Week 7 Tuesday 2/16 st • February 21 , 1965: Malcom X was killed in New York City • February 23 , year??. W.E. P. DuBois born. political activist, internationally known • February 22 George Washington was born, celebrate President’s Day on this day. • Film: Tommie Smith & John Carlos. 1968, Olympics in Mexico City. Looks at 2 American athletes who ran the 200-meter sprint, one took first place and the other took third place. Didn’t get public acknowledgement until several years later o Tommie Smith set a new world record and won the gold medal rd for the 200-meter race, John Carlos won the bronze (3 place) medal. Sent home by their country for raising their fists in the air during the national anthem, officials saw them as “militant radicals”. o Things to note from O’Connell: § Story we got: 2 men stand up for African Americans, sign of defiance is now portrayed as a sign of hope. Was actually both, because they are not going to back down from white supremacy. § Students held protests in Mexico City against spending tax money to showcase sports. Felt that it should be used for healthcare, education, land reform. Really a protest against the upper class. In order to punish the protestors, they put snipers around the main plaza where the protest was held and massacred dozens of Mexican citizens. These kinds of demonstrations were going on all over the world. However, this connection between the U.S. and Mexico wasn’t shown in the film. nd § Human rights, the man who won 2 place in this race Peter Norman from Australia, wore a badge from the Athletes for Human Rights campaign. Wore it with the other two. When Peter Norman went home to Australia, he was vilified for standing with black americans on this cause and also found it difficult to find work after that. • Race- Ethnicity- Nationality o 1790’s, first citizenship law says that white people are the citizens, so by definition anyone whom the courts do not judge to be “white” are not part of the new American nation. You could be an immigrant culturally assimilated to the white culture, but that doesn’t mean you’re part of the nation, example: slaves. o U.S. isn’t the only country that ties nationality and race together. o We talk about race, ethnicity and nationality in order to talk about racism. In the U.S. racism has a specific name, system of white supremacy. § Racism: • What? is a system for the exploitation of minorities, (usually through exploitation of labor) • How?: It operates through government or state policies and market forces. These two things combined create and maintain a racial hierarchy that exists to exploit the labor of people of color. • Why? It is economically profitable and it is politically advantageous. o Toyota: $21.9 million o Ally Financial: 80 million o Honda 24 million o Wells Fargo 175 million o Countrywide Mortgage (B of A) 335 million, more than 200,000 Black and Latino customers o These numbers are fees that these companies have had to pay back for charging minorities higher interest rates on automobile loans, banking loans. 2 Lecture 13 – Week 7 Thursday 2/18 • Film o FTA: Fun travel adventure. Singer Rita Martinsen, sang a song about a black soldier who refused to fight in the Vietnam war. FTA was a group of anti-war entertainers that went to several war bases, found venues near base to sing anti -war songs/skits for the troops. • Soldiers began to sabotage things like supply drivers would ruin the cars on purpose. • Race: refers to the political classification of people by physical characteristics • Ethnicity: refers to the political classification of people by alleged culture characteristics • Nationality: refers to the political classification of people usually by citizenship o Why does he say these are political constructs and not social constructs? To say it’s a social construct implies that people got together & made these constructions, but they’re actually created by government officials. o Purpose of these definitions: to set up a system that privileges some races/ethnicities/nationalities over others, giving them greater legal rights and protections, and conversely to deny privileges and legal protections to other races/ethnicities/nationalities. Make some races/ethnicities/nationalities more vulnerable to exploitation. Essentially, this system was created in order to create racism. • Infant mortality: One of the ways we track healthcare is to look at infant mortality. # of infants who do not make it to their 1 birthday per 1,000 infants born. Also look at this # in certain racial & ethnic categories. White babies have the lowest infant mortality rate. • Education rates in U.S. aren’t bad, but when you break it down into ethnic/racial groups, whites get the best education. 3 • Occupation, state executions, income, wealth, residence, convictions/imprisonments: white people get the best jobs, residences, higher income/wealth, least state executions/convictions/imprisonments. • Structural racism as a result of policies and market capitalism o Colonial America, you see men from Britain coming to North America and establishing colonies for the purpose of making money and accumulating wealth. They have to grab the land and its resources, so they have to dispossess the Native Americans. Soldiers have to do this, so they have to develop a racist ideology. Once the land is taken, you need laborers, from England (indentured servitude) or Africa (slaves). Laws were created to prohibit European people from helping the Africans. Racism was not left up to personal choice, it was a matter of law. Classification of black/white emerged as a response to the rebellions that challenged authority. Racist law preceded the develop of intellectual/cultural theory of racism by intellectuals. o Over time the system of racism changes in response to 2 factors 1. The resistance of the oppressed 2. Changes in the needs of the ruling class 4


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