PSY 456; Week 5 Notes
PSY 456; Week 5 Notes PSY 456
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 456 at Colorado State University taught by Amberg in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Sensation & Perception in Psychlogy at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
Visual Perception is like a Puzzle 0 rules for organization placement and distance 0 more than knowing something is there and being able to act onrelate to other expenences Why is it Difficult to Design a Perceiving Machine 0 stimulus on the receptors is ambiguous O Inverse Projection Problem an image on the retina can be caused by an infinite number of objects I distance size angle 0 objects can be hidden or blurred O occlusions are common in environment 0 objects look different from different viewpoints O Viewpoint Invariance ability to recognize an object regardless of the viewpoint Structuralism Q Wundt Late 1800 s 0 Major Premises O Sensations combine to create complex perceptions 0 Past experience also plays a role in perception O Consciousness broken down to basic components 0 Most research involved cataloging these basic elements via introspection 0 Limitations 0 reliability with data I taugh everyone and only self report 0 illusions I apparent movement Gestalt Psychology 0 Wertheimer Koffka Kohler 19203 0 the whole differs from the sum of it s part 0 perception is not built up from sensations but a result of perceptual organization 0 Principles 0 Good Continuation I perceive smoothly flowing or continuous forms rather that disrupted of discontinuous ones 0 Law of Pragnaz l stimuli is seen in simplest form possible 0 Similarity l similar things appear grouped 0 Proximity l things near each other are grouped 0 Common Fate l things moving the same direction are grouped together 0 Common Region I things within the same region appear grouped 0 Uniform Connectedness I connected region of the same visual properties is perceived as a unit 0 Closure I close up or complete objects that are not complete 0 Figure Ground I figure prominent object I ground background I Segregation determining what part of the environment is the figure 0 Properties 0 the figure is more thing like and more memorable O the figure is seen in front of the ground 0 the ground is more uniform and extends behind figure 0 the contour separating figure from ground belongs to the figure border ownership 0 Subjective Factors 0 experience and meaning 0 elements located in lower part of display 0 convex side of borders 0 Gibson I figure ground can be affected by meaningfulness of stimuli
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