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Beethoven Notes, Music 121

by: Brooke Hutto

Beethoven Notes, Music 121 Music 121

Brooke Hutto
GPA 3.2
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About this Document

Last set of notes before midterm. Contains all notes covered in class on Beethoven
Intro to Listening
Jacob Adams
Class Notes
Beethoven. Notes. Midterm.




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Hutto on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Music 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Jacob Adams in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Intro to Listening in Music at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 02/21/16
2/18/16 Beethoven Quick Facts - Bridges Classical - Romantic Era - German nationality - Freelance musician (don’t draw all your income from one thing) - Never employed by an aristocrat or court - Growth of public concerts - Sales of work or publishers - Saw his music as art and his calling, not as a job believed he was put on this earth to write music - Reworked and revised pieces frequently - the artistic ‘struggle’ - the ‘tortured’genius - the more you suffered for the art, the more extraordinary it will be - Born in Bonn, Germany - Unhappy childhood - Mother died in 1787 - Father was alcoholic and abusive - Moved to Vienna in 1792 and made it his home - studied composition briefly with Haydn - In his late 20s, began to lose his hearing - -After 1820, he was totally deaf - Upon losing his hearing, Beethoven: - Grew increasingly depressed - Stopped performing and conducting in public - Never married, became very reclusive - Heiligenstadt Testament: - Aconfessional letter from Beethoven to his brothers, written in 1802 - Intended to be read after his death - Essentially him coming to terms with his hearing loss Beethoven’s Music - A. Output (*genres best known for*) - *9 Symphonies* (Mozart -41, Haydn - 106) - *16 String Quartets* (Mozart - 26, Haydn -68) - *32 Sonatas Solo Pianos B. Characteristics - pieces are more substantial in content and length than Haydn or Mozart (but wrote fewer pieces) - Lengthened the development section and the coda section in Sonata Form movements -Added additional instruments and more players to the orchestra for more power and dram - Orchestration: writing and arranging music for orchestra to achieve the most effective overall combination - C. Career Periods - Early Period (through 1802) - Assimilation of Classical tradition from Haydn/Mozart - Middle Period (1802-1814) - Most productive period - Many of his most famous pieces from this time - Late Period (1814-1827) - More complex and abstract works - ahead of their time - Developed many musical ideas that influenced the Romantic era to come - Beethoven’s career leads the transition from the Classical Era into the Romantic Era - Cyclic Form: The unification of a multi-movement work with a musical idea that appears in each movement - - very popular with later 19th century composers * Symphony No. 5 in C Minor (1808) - Most famous and recognizable Symphony - Based on a recurring 4-note motive - Motive: short theme/musical idea Rise of the Piano - Pianoforte (“piano” for short) became preferred keyboard instrument in the Classical Period - - Preferable to harpsichord because player can control dynamics - INSTRUMENT NAMEDAFTER DYNAMICS! - New and better instruments in late Classical period - Piano over took harpsichord Genre: Piano Sonata: - multi-movement work for solo piano - usually 3 movements (sometimes 4) EX: “Moonlight” Sonata by Beethoven, fit movement - unusual: first movement with a slow tempo Nickname was given by publisher not Beethoven


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