Introduction to World Geography 2/16-2/18
Introduction to World Geography 2/16-2/18 GR 1123
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Carlos on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GR 1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Sarah Radencic in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Intro World Geography in Geography at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
Test Two Tuesday February 16 2016 314 PM Reminders and Announcements 0 Map Quiz due Friday 219 0 Watch the video on YouTube that was sent in the announcement from Thursday 211 South America Fun Facts about South America 0 Contains 12 states Mountains in the west Amazon Basin in the East Most of the continent39s population lives in Brazil Most of the populace lives on the coasts Contains the world39s highest waterfall Angel Falls in Venezuela over 3200 ft South America is the 4th largest continent by landmass More than 20 of Earth39s Oxygen is produced in South America rainforests Brazil has won more world cups than any other country in the world 51 of the SA population speaks Portuguese Rich in natural resources Gold timber water oil Physical geography o Longest continent from North to South 4750 miles long Chile is 90 miles wide but 2500 miles long Brazil is the fth biggest country in the world 0 The size of the SA allows it to have a wide variety of climates and vegetation Mostly tropical rainforests Argentina is one of the most diverse with 5 different climate zones Physical Regions 00 0000 O 00 o Andes Mountains The world longest mountain chain 23000 ft high 4300 miles long Rocky mountains are only 3000 miles long 0 Amazon Basin 2nd longest river in the world Mostly located in brazil 0 Brazilian Highlands Comprises of several small mountain ranges o Pampas The quotGreat Plainsquot of SA mostly in Argentina Combination of several cultures 0 Most were well established by year 1000 o Predominately lived in areas called altiplanos Capitol Cusco Peru Very advanced for the times 0 Built huge buildings roads bridges in the mountains o Practiced surgery and were great military strategists o Terracing 0 Known for potatoes and how to freeze dry and store meat Mit39a 0 Mining building bridges building homes for the nobles temples helping with various elds Emperors elds wore their best clothing sang song praising the lnca People39s elds were taken care of rst39 The widows the handicap and the sick Tin Spanish Conquest 0 Led by Conquestador Francisco Pizarro o In 1531 Spanish arrived and enslaved the lncan Empire Used the existing empire for their bene t Forced the lncan people into mining silver Land Alienation Hidden Civilization Machu Picchu Silver mining created huge wealth for the spanish Spread their colonies to Argentina Bolivia Uruguay Potosi Meanwhile the Portuguese took over the indigenous populations in Brazil 0 90 of the indigenous population died of disease and dangerous working conditions 00 O Reminders and Announcements 0 Quiz3 on Europe DUE TOMORROW AT 5PM Formation of Vice Royalty 0 Vice Latin for quotin the place ofquot o Roi French for quotkingquot 0 Formed to help the Crown control populations in territories around the globe o 3 Spanish viceroys established in South America Peru 15421824 Richest area o All of SA except for Brazil Nueva Granada 17171819 Bogota Present day Columbia Ecuador Panama Venezuela Plata 17761814 Buenos Aires Argentina Uruguay Paraguay Bolivia Independence from Europe 1800519005 0 Spurred by the American and French Revolutions Made Spain nervous 0 Spain relinquished some claims in SA choosing to focus on Spain mainland Argentina 1816 Chile 1818 Peru 1821 0 Simon Bolivar quotthe great El Libertadorquot helped free other states Venezuela New Granada columbia Ecuador Bolivia named in his honor Other Independence 0 Brazil become independent in 1822 after Portugal was invaded by Napoleon Uruguay from 1828 Brazil and Argentina Guyana from the UK in 1966 Suriname from the Dutch in 1975 French Guiana currently remains under French Control Second largest French area African Descendants L 00000 0000 0 Sugar was the huge crop of Brazil 0 Unlike the Spanish Portugal had no slave population to help with plantation work mining 0 Half of all slaves brought to the Americas ended up in Brazil 0 198 million Africans live in Brazil today South American Union 0 UNASUR Union of South American Nations 2008 Trying to establish a single currency Shared defense armies navy39s air forces Easier passport passage for members Build better infrastructure highways high speed rai canal system 0 Not quite effective Political posturing Fight of control of resources Some countries not interested South American Economic Geography 0 Brazil has the most in uence 0 Argentina 0 Chile Guyana Peru SILVER 0 lst agriculture Sugar soy bean coffee 0 2nd manufacturing Chemicals electronics textiles biofues 0 3rd oil production Brazil and Venezuela 0 Unevenly developed Only contained to braziI Chile and Argentina39s urban areas coasts 0 Political instability for most countries Mercosur the quotsouthern common markerquot 0 Purpose is to promote free trade and the uid movement of goods people and currency Economic bIoc containing Member States and Associate States FULL MEMBERS Brazil argentina urguay paraguya and venezuela 0 Mexico and New Zealand observe these rights even though they are not a part of South America SA Urbanization 00 0 City populations have grown steadily since 1950 0 gt80 of the populations in urban And growing fast 0 Cities provide opportunities Increased chance of making more money Receive better education for their children More quotthingsquot to do SA Urbanized population 0 Megacites Cities that contain more than 10 million people 1 Bogata Lima Santiago 10 MILLION 1 Rio DeJaneiro Sao Paulo largest Buenos Aires gt23 MILLION PEOPLE Poverty in SA III Disparity of Rich and Poor Favelas 1 Slums around big cities Problems in SA III Disparity of rich and poor III Slums produce crime and disease El Very high levels of corruption Columbia drug trade Venezuela murder rate is ten times higher than the US 1 Coco leaves are used to make cocaine but also used as a medicinal herb In addition to silver and gold can also get gemstones and iron from Mining in SA Human Geographic regions in SA III The caribbean North III The andean west III The southern cone El Brazil The caribbean north region III Platation type lifestyle with european in uence in guyana suriname and french guiana Population mostly along the coast El Columbia and venezuela rich in farming ranching and mining Population is somewhat inland than on the coast Cmumbm III Population tends to congregate in the andean mountains a d in the north interior III Coffee is the largest export Narcotics are next 70 of the us cocaine comes from cmumbm III Cartels in uence the political system army and police Fight for control of the trade network and growing of coca plants Almost overthrew the government in 1999 III In some cases cartels have their own army to ght the state and police Insurgent states III Several stages Contention a rebellion forms and sustains itself within the countries boarders Equilibrium forms territories within the country 1 At this stage insurgent state is established in which the secede or bring down the government Counteroffensive legitimate state or country tries to take back control of insurgent area 1 Sometimes outside help Failed State III Measured on a spectrum failed state index FSI III A product of 1 03910 Social indicators Refugees boarder disputes large vengeance seeking group Economic indicators Uneven economic development group based poverty or inequality Sharp and or sever economic decline Political factors Criminalization of government officials Public services deteriorate Widespread human rights violations
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