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HIST 100 Era Of Kings

by: Victoria Williams

HIST 100 Era Of Kings 70142 - HIST 100 - 013

Victoria Williams
GPA 3.8
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About this Document

The events leading up to the formation of the Roman Empire and the early Era Of Kings.
History of Western Civilization
Susan E Schulze
Class Notes
history, Era of Kings, Western Civilization




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Williams on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 70142 - HIST 100 - 013 at George Mason University taught by Susan E Schulze in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see History of Western Civilization in History at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 02/21/16
 Era of the Kings 750 – 510 BC o Evolution of Roman society and the formation of socio poltical framework o Keita – Phoenician, Greek, and Etruscan Influence,   Trading settlement at Ostia (first archeological place that marks the first occupation as a trade settlement­ temporary encampment geared to tap into long distance trade, sole purpose is commodity production and trade) Greeks produced olive oil and wine, Romans sold salt (VERY important)  Development  of socio­political order. STAGE: Social Stratifications: Patricians (owners/elites/high status), equites, plebians (working class) (Theory   of   this   social   development   in   Ostia   with   the   concept   of ownership)  Second theory for the development of the Social Stratifications: Romulus, an ancient king of Rome, is the one that developed these classes. Patricians were to be priests and magistrates and decided legal cases (which   created   a   power   imbalance   because   patricians   controlled everything in courts and there was no written law so Patricians can just pull rules out of their a$$), then the plebeians were entrusted to the care of the patricians. (Find out Romulus’s motivation to create this social structure) o Watson  – STAGE: Formation of sovereign authority:  Monarchy, Rex  Servius Tullius – Etruscan (578­535BC) comitia centuriata.   Servius Tullius was the Rex that heard the plights of plebs. The plebs didn’t have any political power except for the Plebicite, their only power that is enabled by Patricians. The Rex’s solution was to create the comitia centuriata,  or the committee of one hundred, where for every hundred plebs   they   can   elect   a   representative   for   the   committee.   Those representatives are allowed to petition the senate and the Rex, who don’t have to listen. This is the first communication in power allowed between the Patricians and the Plebs. When power is given to the plebs, they began to demand Plebicites.  o Formation of the Latin league – Rome made an alliance with 14 tribes (Volcii, Veii, Sabine, etc.) and they created a pact to help defend against piracy in Rome to protect Rome’s power. This is the beginning of Rome’s rise to power.  o Etruscan dominance: intermarriage. More and more Etruscans are put into places of power in the Latin League, Senate, and Comitia Centuriata. Romans didn’t like the Etruscans because Romans wanted to control the revenue of Rome, when Rome became to get rich. That gave the Romans something to fight the Etruscans over, destroying the good relationship between them for centuries. The wealth is helping expand Rome with road networks, aqueducts, canals, irrigation, etc. All the makings of an empire. But a large chunk of the earnings would have gone to Etruscan rulers, which the Romans didn’t want so they attempted to kick them out. o 510BC Expulsion of Tarquinii (Wiseman)   Removing the Etruscan ruler at the time to assert Roman control.   After   removal,   Romans   reconstituted   the   empire.   This   constitution outlined the rules and the makeup of the state.  Create a government where all power is held within the Patrician Senate (sovereign authority)  Comitia centuriata was still included in the government.  KEY: Processes Authors People Key Words Basic structure of tribes:  Kin Groups, direct family (parents, siblings, aunts, uncles, cousins, etc.). Kin groups linked  together by marriage creates a clan. Each clan is headed by a patriarch, the male of the highest  authority. In the era of kings there were 16 Patrician clans. The patriarchs meet at the senatus, a  meeting of old dudes, and they vote one patriarch to be the leader, called the Rex. The Rex is the  monarch, has the right to make law. The right to be in the senatus is determined by the purity of  their Patrician blood.  Quiz format: First two questions about the main timeline, what came in what order. Other questions will ask about processes of change in the time period (ex. Classical Antiquity times, Mediterranean Colonization). Identify a stage in the process to elaborate on, cause and effect, consequences (ex. Greeks taking over most of Europe on the coasts to get food and control trade). Identify a person/people who influenced the times and what was their cause and effect on the time (ex. Ashur Nasir Pal II, Greeks, Phoenicians, Etruscans, but must be different than in the stage) 


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