News Writing Notes from 2-8-16 to 2-17-16
News Writing Notes from 2-8-16 to 2-17-16 CO 2413
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brice Thurman on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CO 2413 at Mississippi State University taught by Phillip Poe in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Intro News Writing in Journalism and Mass Communications at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
Reporting What is it? A formal account of the proceedings or transactions of a group; usually presented in detail. What does it meant for us? We need to interview multiple people, what is going on now, can we give good detail How do you report? You decide what your audience needs to know the most Context is key Single issue vs. broader implications o More important to look at how the bigger things impact the small things How do we add context? General knowledge- increase general knowledge o You can understand/explain events you know nothing about Points of view- look for different points of view o International news is not defined as what our leaders had to say/do with respect to the outside world o Job of the journalist to actually know what is going on Political spectrum o Right and left, sure; but what is in the middle? Framing Definition- How news coverage shapes mass opinion Doesn’t tell us what to think, but what to think about Journalist/editors decide which facts are included, emphasized; what sources are used; what’s really at issue. Sources of info People o Human sources Records o Information that is written or stored so that others may find it Personal observation o Listening with your eyes Find information about people before you interview them Sources guide a story What are some potential problems with “man (or woman) on the street” interviews? 2-10 Interviewing News2 Tell people how it went Who won How did it go (good turnout?)? Delayed ID summary lead o Summary lead- essential elements o Add delayed ID o Lead- tell audience who won o Don’t put the name of the band in lead o Give other details about them (first time they competed, country band, from Hattiesburg) o Name of band in second paragraph o A country band from Hburg won first place in CABS sixth annual battle of the bands… Date Two direct quotes o First one can come in the third paragraph o Use dude form band o Sterling Wilson the drummer for the winning band, sterling silver, … Paraphrase o Then quote him o Fourth paragraph- how the event went from fan or official Introduce another paragraph o Then direct quote o Two sources o Quotation conclusion About 1 ½ pages 8-10 paragraphs o Interviewing o Most information come from human sources The more people you talk to the better a story is likely to be o Interviewing occurs when a reported talks to a source Talking with people is the main way of gathering information on almost any topic o A good interview… o Needs to have qualities of a good conversation o Exchange of information o Learning o Nonverbal gestures o Good to start with light conversation before you begin asking questions o Save your “tough” questions for last-establish rapport, build trust o Prepare for interview o Decide what information you need Who can you get it from? o Prepare for the conversation Research your topic and your source Don’t make yourself look foolish o Develop an informal list of questions Gives you something to fall back on when conversation lulls. Don’t just stick to your questions o Avoiding absolutes o Asking a source to identify the “best,” “worst”, “most,” “least,” o You have to lead them where you want them to go Try breaking the topic into smaller questions o Top 10 interviewing tips o Name and title accuracy (ask them how to spell it) o Identify yourself completely o Use open ended questions- discuss o Highlight key quotes, comments ask them to repeat if unsure about words o Do not try to write it all. o Listen with your eyes (observation) o Ask your sources about other sources o Ask a source to expand on an issue o Conclude with: “Anything you want to add?” leave door open for more info. o Assume nothing Asking better questions Video- what’s on screen? Harwood- studies reactions on people People need to answer in their own speed Robert Lane is the parent “What do you make of that?” “What might be the causes?” “What do you struggle with?” “What do you mean?” Coax explanations- bringing people to tell them what they mean… not what you think they mean Square contradictions- how does what you’re saying relate to something that is opposite. Why do you feel differently from other people See patterns Ask open-ended questions Talk less Listen more Keep them talking Build from patterns and then go to the anecdote email@example.com Studysoup 2-17-16 The news culture: Anyone involved with the mass media is part of the news culture, whether they like it or now. The media deal with information. o Must gather and process it. o Must put it into an easily understood form. o Must distribute to a relatively wide audience. Purposes can include informing, persuading, or entertaining. Rules for media professionals The need for accurate information o The quality of a writer’s info is tied to the writer’s credibility The need to present information efficiently o Even advertising and PR are structured to enhance efficient delivery of info. Deadlines enable organizations to operate efficiently. The economic health of the organization o Writers must recognize and understand their role in how an organization functions in the marketplace. The idea of individual and corporate integrity o Must be a part of the daily life of media professionals o Need a strong commitment to honesty, fairness and ethical standards. o You much have confidence in your corporation’s standards Components of news culture Accuracy o Get it “right” Efficiency o Streamlined delivery of info. Processes o Where do you fit Deadlines o Timeliness is key Ethics o A responsibility to your readers and your organization Accuracy Spell names correctly Quote source correctly Use multiple sources Check your facts, especially numbers Deadlines Time is your friend and your enemy o There is always a point when writing must be finished and put into production o Deadlines enable organization to function Production schedules get set, and broadcasts can air. Dishonesty Can include o Falsification Stephen Glass o Plagiarism Jayson Blair o Misrepresentation What constitutes misrepresentation? Dishonesty is the deadliest sin of the media professional.
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