Introduction to Psychology Notes Week 5 (2/15 - 2/17)
Introduction to Psychology Notes Week 5 (2/15 - 2/17) PSY 100-006
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sadie Threlkel on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 100-006 at Colorado State University taught by Maeve Bronwyn O'Donnell in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
Psychology Notes 2/15 – 2/17 2/15 EXAM 1 2/17 Early Development Developmental Psychology The study of life long physical, mental and social changes/development Continuity vs. Stages – weather changes occur in stages or gradually over time Prenatal Development Zygote o Conception to 2 weeks o Cells identical Embryo o Weeks 2 – 8 o Cells differentiate Fetus o 9 weeks to birth o Organ function Teratogens (Harmful to Pregnancy) Infections/Diseases o HIV/AIDS, STIs, UTIs, Chicken Pox o Toxoplasmosis – out door cat’s feces Toxins o Lead, insecticides, household cleaners Drugs o Alcohol, cigarettes, illegal drugs, OTC drugs Newborn Reflexes Rooting – searching for ‘food’ Sucking – requires complex coordination Moro – tries to grab on to something when falling Babinski – curling toes when foot is touched Step – walkinglike behavior Grasp – grab on to objects placed in their hands ALL are important for survival! Newborn Preferences Viewing things 8 – 12 inches away (distance from mother’s face when feeding) Faces/face like objects Their mother’s smell/breastmilk Habituation Decrease in attending to novel stimuli after repeated exposure with it Ex. New toys > old toys Infant Brain Development Use it or lose it – Synaptic Pruning By age 20, humans have lost 90% of neurons we were born with Critical Periods Definition: limited time window for learning a skill Ex. Language, depth perception, etc. Environment vital to leaning that skill (Genie) Cognitive Development Memory – Infantile Amnesia Seldom do people have memories before the age of 3 Why? o Brain development (frontal lobes, hippocampus, etc.) Jean Piaget o Developmental theorist o Intelligence tests for children Piaget ‘Learning Terms’ o Schemas – concepts of things in the world around us that are based on experiences o Assimilate – interpret new experiences based on current schemas o Accommodate – adjusting schema based on new information (primarily making a new schema for a ‘new’ thing)
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