Art 100 Week 6
Art 100 Week 6 ART 100 - 03
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ART 100 - 03
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Conley on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 100 - 03 at Colorado State University taught by Michael Fenton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Art Appreciation in Art at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
Art 100 Week 6 Ancient Asian Art Korean: 1. “Gilt Bronze” & Gilding a. Starting with bronze & have a small layer of gold on the surface 2. Popular Materials a. Sheet gold, gold wire, jade Japanese: 1. Haniwa – placed outside of tombs of burial mounds a. 20-30 or up to 20,000 placed around tombs b. Abstracted clay cylinders 2. Shinto Shrines – native/ indigenous religion, emphasizes purity a. Large alters, small temples, each one dedicated to a Kami 3. Kami – spirits or gods, natural forces or location 4. Jataka Tales – stories about the Buddha before he was the Buddha a. Sacrificed himself to feed a pack of lions, jumped on rocks 5. Lacquer on Wood – tree sap used to seal & decorated the wood, mix in colors & used in layers Early Christian Art 1. Ethical Monotheism (Judaism, Christian, Islam) a. Belief in one God b. All knowing c. All powerful d. God is good – interested in the flourishing of man kind 2. Classical Polytheism (Greek & Roman) a. Multiple gods b. Limited in their power c. Not especially fond of the flourishing in human nature Early Judeo-Christian Context: 1. The God of Abraham – another name of God Judaism (Hebrew/Israelites/Jews) 1. Torah – first 5 books of the Old Testament 2. The Torah Niche – formed out in a wall which holds the torah 3. Synagogue – wall with a Torah Niche, comes in any shape & size 4. The Exodus – Moses leading his people out of Egypt 5. The 10 Commandments – received from God, laws 6. The Menorah – 7 branched candelabra, used in the Exodus, primary symbol of Judaism 7. The Temple of Jerusalem – built by Salomon 8. The Arch of Titus – the concurring of Jerusalem & the destruction of the 2 nd temple 9. The Jewish Diaspora – after Romans destroyed the temple & city and they are forced to leave 10.Catacombs – underneath the cities, burial of the full body 11.Representational Art – art captured the actual look in the real world 12.Idolatry – creating more art with other people in the painting 13.Didactic – teaching & creating stories 14.Tempera on Plaster – egg-yolks mixed together & added pigments, relatively dull colors 15.Mosaic – individual stone & glass that you used to create artwork, like reflection of the light like a disco ball 16.Tesserae – the little squares that are used to make the overall picture/ mural, sometimes they would stick out to add reflective color a. Mariano’s & Hanina Early Christian Art 1. “The Good Shepard” – old Jewish image transformed in Christian artwork, deep rooted in the early classical world 2. The Lamb of God – the sacrificial lamb who is then sacrificed on the cross 3. The Catacomb of Commodilla – Alpha & Omega a. Beginning and end 4. The Trinity – father, son , and Holy Spirit (usually portrayed as a dove) 5. The New Testament – had the books of the Gospels along with other important Christian writings 6. The Gospels – proclaim, 4 books who were Apostles of Jesus 7. The Evangelists – proclaimers of the Gospel who wrote the Gospels a. Mathew – represented as a male b. Mark – represented as a lion c. Luke – represented as a winged ox d. John – represented as an eagle 8. Disciples – any follower of Jesus 9. Apostle – divine followers who also spread the word of the Gospel 10.Martyrs – someone who was killed for their faith 11.Saints – a person of great holiness recognized unanimously in the Christian Church 12.The Virgin Mary – major figure in the Christian art 13.Baptism –to clean/ wipe away of all sins 14.The Eucharist – communion bread & wine a. Representational of The Last Supper b. Oldest motif of Christian Art 15.The Last Supper – the meal Jesus had with his Apostles before his Crucifixion 16.Christian Architecture a. Old St. Peter’s Basilica – created with help of Constantine who legalized Christianity i. This design becomes the format of the Christian churches b. Church – religious sanctuary c. Basilica – longitude plan, large church d. Cathedral – “the seat of the power of the Bishop”, every cathedral is a Basilica but not every Basilica is a cathedral 17.Basilica a. Nave – large central gathering place in the center of the Basilica i. Taller than the other b. Apse – where the judge sits or image of Jesus, focus point of liturgy, layers of symbolism c. Transept – pg.166 18.Central Plans a. Altar in the middle b. Ambulatory – outer most part, goes around the altar i. Covered hallway that circumnavigates the center holy space c. Pendentive – translates from a square base to a circular dome d. Hagia Sophia – windows at base that made it look like the dome was floating 19.Iconoclasm vs. Religious Icons a. Iconography – symbolism & the meanings behind those meanings b. Religious Icons – special kinds of paintings, spiritual powers in their own right, blessed the artwork c. Iconoclasm – Christians went into churches and broke/stripped away. i. Thought they were disgracing the religion Early Islamic Art (Non-Narrative or Figurative Art) 1. Muhammad – founder of Islam 2. Aniconism – no representational images whatsoever (some exceptions) a. Calligraphy – writing on physcal buildings or other artworks b. Arabesques – abstract geometric patterns of flowers or vines that wined & twist 3. Hijira – 4. Mecca – location of the major pilgrimage still popular today 5. The Mi’raj – “right journey” while Muhammed was sleeping he was lifted & moved to Jerusalem & spoke with God (Allah) 6. The Dome of the Rock – centrally planned building, covered with calligraphy & arabesques 7. The Quran – see examples of the calligraphy in the text 8. Muslim – someone who surrendered to God 9. Caliph – successor to Muhammad leaders 10.First 4 Caliphs – the round circles in the Hagia Sophia 11.Weavings – the weavings of carpets major for decoration that are covered the bottom of the mosques
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