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by: Melanie Maino


Melanie Maino

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About this Document

Week two of notes
Women and Crime
Marion Cockey
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melanie Maino on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRMJ348 at Towson University taught by Marion Cockey in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Women and Crime in Criminal Justice at Towson University.

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Popular in Criminal Justice


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Date Created: 02/21/16
    2/2   • Social  Construction  of  Knowledge:  Murton’s  theory  only  applied  to   rich  white  men   • Feminist  Theories   o Politics  of  domination:  superior  versus  inferior   ▯ “all  men  are  created  equal”   ▯ myth  of  equality   o Multiple  marginality:  we  are  all  the  combination  of  all  our   characteristics/  stresses  in  our  lives.  Increased  stresses  that  an   individual  undergoes  the     o Victimization:     ▯ women  in  crime   ▯ victimized  as  children   ▯ abuse,  domestic  violence,  relationships   o Victim  offender:  oppress  or  help/empower?   o Feminist  contribution:     ▯ Not  just  women  and  crime   ▯ Have  to  look  at  how  the  system  treats  women   ▯ Have  to  look  at  women  as  offenders   ▯ How  treatment  effects  women   ▯ Look  at  women  as  victims   2/4   • Social  construction  of  knowledge-­‐  gender  expectations   o Ex.  must  be  5’10”  to  be  state  trooper   • Multiple  marginality~intersectionality-­‐  how  race,  class,  gender,  age   intertwine  in  society   o Where  and  how  people  are  effected  by  their  status  in  society   ▯ Interdisciplinary   • Grana..feminist  criminologist  that  looked  at  gender  injustice   • Behaviors  in  a  patriarchy  and  society  have  been  institutionalized   • Characteristics  of  Patriarchy   o Grana  2002   ▯ Violence-­‐  fear  of  violence…keeps  people  “in  their  place”   ▯ Power-­‐  lies  with  men   ▯ Control-­‐  natural  part  of  patriarchy…males  will  be  in  control  of   others   ▯ Linearity-­‐  straight  line  thinking…women  are  not  straight  line   thinkers…women  are  “too  emotional”  for  rational  thought   ▯ Polarization-­‐  always  right  and  wrong…superior  vs   inferior…win  and  lose  no  in  between   ▯ Stereotyping   ▯ Ideology-­‐  belief  system   ▯ Phallocentrism-­‐  someone  with  a  penis  is  superior  to  someone   without   ▯ Misogyny-­‐  hatred  of  women     • Types  of  Opression   o 1-­‐  Personal/  Psychological:  individuals  who  have  a  perception  based   on  their  beliefs  (ex.  beating  women)   o 2-­‐  Private  in  Practice:  individuals     o 3-­‐  Public:  large  scale  decisions.  (ex.  companies  making  decisions  that   harm  others)   o 4-­‐  Cultural:  contributions  of  a  group  in  a  society  are  distorted   emmited  or  otherwise  tribalized    


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