Popular in Women and Crime
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melanie Maino on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRMJ348 at Towson University taught by Marion Cockey in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Women and Crime in Criminal Justice at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
2/2 • Social Construction of Knowledge: Murton’s theory only applied to rich white men • Feminist Theories o Politics of domination: superior versus inferior ▯ “all men are created equal” ▯ myth of equality o Multiple marginality: we are all the combination of all our characteristics/ stresses in our lives. Increased stresses that an individual undergoes the o Victimization: ▯ women in crime ▯ victimized as children ▯ abuse, domestic violence, relationships o Victim offender: oppress or help/empower? o Feminist contribution: ▯ Not just women and crime ▯ Have to look at how the system treats women ▯ Have to look at women as offenders ▯ How treatment effects women ▯ Look at women as victims 2/4 • Social construction of knowledge-‐ gender expectations o Ex. must be 5’10” to be state trooper • Multiple marginality~intersectionality-‐ how race, class, gender, age intertwine in society o Where and how people are effected by their status in society ▯ Interdisciplinary • Grana..feminist criminologist that looked at gender injustice • Behaviors in a patriarchy and society have been institutionalized • Characteristics of Patriarchy o Grana 2002 ▯ Violence-‐ fear of violence…keeps people “in their place” ▯ Power-‐ lies with men ▯ Control-‐ natural part of patriarchy…males will be in control of others ▯ Linearity-‐ straight line thinking…women are not straight line thinkers…women are “too emotional” for rational thought ▯ Polarization-‐ always right and wrong…superior vs inferior…win and lose no in between ▯ Stereotyping ▯ Ideology-‐ belief system ▯ Phallocentrism-‐ someone with a penis is superior to someone without ▯ Misogyny-‐ hatred of women • Types of Opression o 1-‐ Personal/ Psychological: individuals who have a perception based on their beliefs (ex. beating women) o 2-‐ Private in Practice: individuals o 3-‐ Public: large scale decisions. (ex. companies making decisions that harm others) o 4-‐ Cultural: contributions of a group in a society are distorted emmited or otherwise tribalized
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