Notes from 2/10-2/17
Notes from 2/10-2/17 FMST 201
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Marie Halaby on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FMST 201 at Towson University taught by Nikita Laws in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Family Resources in Child and Family Studies at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
FMST 201 Class Notes 2/102/17 Organic Food Organic does not mean pesticide free Free range chicken does not always mean organic It is important to look for certified organic food Canada’s rules on organic food are the strictest in the world Sulfur can be used in organic fields Organic: fewer chemical residues, no antibiotic, use cow poop as fertilizer, no hormones evidence is not clear if organic food is more nutritious Affordability is a huge aspect of organic food Scanning is different for organic food – starts with #9 Organic food: less yield, more expensive USDA organic certification program Current Family Trends Remaining Child Free Postponing Parenthood Having only one Child Nonmarital births Dependent Care Cost of care Quality of care ex. Good facility Availability of resources ex. Affordability and accessibility Financial Management v Social Economic Status (SES) Upper Class: o Born into money o Spends money on travel and philanthropy o 5% earn over $150,000 o 1% earn over $250,000 o An Elite group of individuals o Minimal research of upper class o Segregated by choice o Marital partners are chosen o Marriages and friendships within same social class o Marry at an older age than those in middle and lower class o Gender roles are different o Children in Upper Class: Human Capital: education, cognition, environment Social Capital: relationship between parent/family and child, social context, leisure activities Financial Capital: income and wealth Cultural Capital: stronger concept of child, development of child through education and other avenues therefore greater outcome Human Capital + Social Capital + Financial Capital = Cultural Captial Middle Class: o Short term savings: savings account & retirement plan o Management of monthly cash flow o Yearly income: $32,500$100,000 o live off a budget o 4O1k – retirement Lower Class/Poverty o Depends on cash and less on bank centered transactions o Saving money is a lower priority o Money is share amongst family and friends o $25,850 for a family of 4 is considered lower class Poverty Deprivation of well being that comprises many dimensions of life Low income Low levels of health and education Poor access to clean water and sanitation Inadequate physical security Lack of voice in society Inability to better ones life Situational Poverty: a person is experiencing a hardship that is putting them in poverty ex. Losing a job, recession, foreclosure Absolute Poverty: a person who is born into poverty and they don’t get out Need v Want Impact of time Impact of context Impact of personal choice Impact of changes from day to day Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Based on motivation and self actualization Maslow believed that the bottom needs must be satisfied before the needs above it can be satisfied – believed that achieving self actualization is extremely rare Hierarchy of Needs: o Self Actualization (top) o Esteem o Love/Belonging o Safety o Physiological (bottom) Consumer Resource Exchange Model (CREM) Explains how families manage their resources to meet their needs It is based on 5 assumptions: 1. Management of resources to enhance the family to function more effectively 2. Individual differences will exist in the level of importance consumers attach to each of the 4 resource types – physical, social, informational, financial 3. Time is limited time is a finite temporal space in which activities are performed time IS NOT a consumer resource 4. Interpretational & interdependent system of support and need for the other > resources exist as part of an interrelated/interdependent system – each resource need type supports and is dependent on the other Categorization of Needs Social needs ex. Interpersonal relationships Psychological needs ex. Esteem, autonomy, competence Physiological needs ex. Food, shelter, excretion, water Economic needs ex. Employment, gifts, inheritance Quality of Life Personalized Assessing quality of life: o Multiple ways to asses o Dependent on a persons evaluation of their life o Dependent upon circumstances and is constantly changing Change of Needs is Impacted by Gender differences Circumstances Personality Economic status Technology Lifespan Culture
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