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Nature and Society - Adrien Ivankiv

by: Sadie Shelton

Nature and Society - Adrien Ivankiv NR 002 - A

Marketplace > University of Vermont > Environmental Science > NR 002 - A > Nature and Society Adrien Ivankiv
Sadie Shelton

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About this Document

Lectures 7 and 8
Nature & Culture
Adrian Ivakhiv
Class Notes
NR2, NR, NR 002, 002, Nature and Society, Adrian Ivankiv
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sadie Shelton on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NR 002 - A at University of Vermont taught by Adrian Ivakhiv in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Nature & Culture in Environmental Science at University of Vermont.

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Date Created: 02/21/16
Wednesday, February 10, 2016 Lecture 7: Indignity, Traditional Ecological Knowledge NR 002 Defining ‘indigenous’ - Clearer in the Americas than elsewhere - Underprivileged, longer tenure on the land The Columbian Encounter - MYTH: pristine, primeval wilderness - REALITY: 40-120 mill inhabitants; humanized environments - managed for purpose (agriculture) - Clash of two very different bio-cultural systems After 1492 - Native populations fell by 90% Ways of Knowing - Passed culturally: through stories, music, art, ritual, - Science: books Traditional Ecological Knowledge - 1 Tuesday, February 16, 2016 Lecture 8: Markets, Capitalism & Nature NR 002 Markets - Resources <—> users - What markets do: • Balance supply and demand • Provide incentives • Resolve conflicts - Rational self-interest in market leads to economic well-being - Price mechanism, substitution, dynamic power of technological change Capitalist Market - Barter • Direct exchange of goods • Rough estimate of equivalence • Limited by what’s offered • In context of other social relationships Restricted by immediate resources • - Market • Exchange mediated by money • Value determined by supply & demand • Dramatic expansion of trade options (stockpiling) • Ignores social relationships • Resources flow within market range - Capitalism • Money 1 Tuesday, February 16, 2016 • Competition for resources * market share drives the economy • Generates value through trade in value (currencies, stocks, bonds, derivatives) • Ignores social relationshops & material restrictions - Capitalism is… a system of economic practices based on the private ownership of the means of production, in which wealth is created & personal profit can be made through the investment of capital, labor or ideas into a market economy • Private and/or corporate ownership of land, labor capital • Production of commodities • Wage labor • Profit motive • Competition Capitalism — a history in 3(1/2) episodes - Mercantilism & colonization (1450-1700) • States stimulate economies through foreign trade • Expansion of European commercial empires • Spread of people, plants, animals, practices - New resource bases - New labor pools - Living space for Europe’s ‘surplus population’ • World trade in bulk products; monocultures • Labor can be bought and sold • Local markets are globalized • Disclosure of the Commons - Private property - Democratization - Development of Enlightenment values 2 Tuesday, February 16, 2016 - Aboriginal presence in the Americas as reminder of another way of being 3


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