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BIOL 100 D Human Biology week 4

by: Anneka sundell

BIOL 100 D Human Biology week 4 Biol 1000

Marketplace > Fort Hays State University > Biology > Biol 1000 > BIOL 100 D Human Biology week 4
Anneka sundell
GPA 3.4

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About this Document

Looking into the components of cells
Human Biology
Mr. Jeff Carter
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anneka sundell on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Biol 1000 at Fort Hays State University taught by Mr. Jeff Carter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 97 views. For similar materials see Human Biology in Biology at Fort Hays State University.


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Date Created: 02/21/16
BIOL 100 D 1 Cells Cell theory  Modified to accept that cells and bacteria doesn’t arise spontaneously o “spontaneous generation” was not accepted easily o Francisco Redi  Put meat in jars with different covers and the one with mesh had no maggots, but had mold  Most people took a “moderate stance” that maggots didn’t spontaneously generate, but mold could o Louis Pasteur  Figured out how to keep food sanitary  Proved bacteria is in the air Vitalism  Organic(living)  Inorganic (non-living) o Fredrich Wohler  Experiment deals with the fact that you can go back and forth between organic and inorganic  Took soil and rocks by adding energy he created on an organic compound o Emil Fischer  First organic chemist Major Cell types  Prokaryotic o Small  Eukaryotic o Have a nucleus o Usually larger Cell Membrane  Takes care of metabolistic function  Identification system o Self vs. not self  Made of phospholipid layers o Is flexible o Outer layer: hydrophilic o Inner layer: hydrophobic BIOL 100 D 2 Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)  Highly folded system of membranes that surrounds a nucleus  Rough ER: o Protein synthesis/ processes proteins o Looks like sand paper  Bumps are ribosomes  Process proteins  Smooth ER o Processes fats o Small vesicles bud off SER and go to Golgi Ribosomes  Protein production: sever specialized of RNA and proteins  Can be floating or in ER  Made in nucleus Golgi Apparatus  Bunch of sacks similar to SER  Helps ER process sacks from SER o Lipids, carbohydrates Lysosomes  Breaks down things o chemicals


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