16-18 February notes
16-18 February notes Pola 2100
Popular in American government
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayden McKenzie on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pola 2100 at Tulane University taught by Robert Worth in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see American government in Political Science at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
Primaries Decide nominee for the general election More specifically, decide the individual running under party’s label Direct primary – elected by the people Open primary – can vote for a party despite party affiliation (don’t have to choose Republican or Democrat when registering to vote) Closed primary – must be registered to vote for that party Problems with closed primary – cuts out independents (opinion of many people not represented) Problems with open primary – possible sabotage (group could convince others to vote for a different candidate), people purposely voting for “bad” candidate so that theirs wins (does not happen) Delegate allocation rules Republicans – sort of proportional -> proportional -> winner-take-all (keeps unknown candidates alive and winner becomes clear toward the end) Democrats – all states are proportional, reserves “super delegates” (delegates for the people), leaves votes in control of the party If a state tries to hold their primary before Iowa, parties will not count their votes (quasi-private entity) “Super Tuesday” – a bunch of primaries in one day, states got together and decided to vote on the same day so that they received attention Top Two System - used by Louisiana, top two get the nomination Electoral college Federal system of election People’s vote doesn’t decide president -> states do Winner-take-all system – possible to win the popular vote but not the electoral vote Small states – individual vote matters more System is very reliant on “swing states” (those that could go Republican or Democrat) National Convention Announcement of the winner of the primary Winner is usually known beforehand Party unites behind candidate and develops platform Platform – statement of the party’s goals Comparable to a big pep rally Money There has been more money in politics Citizens United – meant to limit campaign contributions but instead opened up a lot of outside funding Candidates funding campaigns with more money Political action committee (PAC) – spends money on behalf of the candidate, not officially affiliated with the campaign and no coordination is allowed, no limit on amount of spending Republicans tend to support PACs more than Democrats because they have more big donors Public attitude – some don’t like how money runs campaigns Contributing money to campaigns seen as a first amendment right (spending equivalent to freedom of speech/expression) Super PACs – don’t have to disclose funds, big group of entities No limit on spending if money is not given directly to the candidate How people vote Biggest indicator – partisanship Michigan model – time axis showing people’s decision of who they vote for and the things along the way that affect their decision, starts at social divisions economic structure and historical patterns and ends at vote Independent voter – either very informed or doesn’t know enough to identify with a party Next biggest indicator – economy (correlation between Obama’s economic approval and overall approval) Worsening economy – no matter who you are, you are dissatisfied Partisanship Parents and socioeconomic status often determine party affiliation Response party government – Party outlines what they are going to do, people evaluate at next election, holding government accountable Divided government – one party controls executive branch and other controls Congress, voters give credit for good conditions in society to their party Electoral college gives Democrats advantage (party appeals to big states)
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