New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

History 202 Study Guide WEEK 3

by: kiara campbell

History 202 Study Guide WEEK 3 History 202

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh > History > History 202 > History 202 Study Guide WEEK 3
kiara campbell

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover Topic 2 from class (2/15- 2/19). In here you will find notes on the Westward expansion after the Civil War including the railroad expansion, how the West was tamed, the myth of th...
American History to 1877
Class Notes
TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD, westward expansion, civil war, Native Americans, COWBOYS, CATTLE DRIVE, WOUNDED KNEE
25 ?




Popular in American History to 1877

Popular in History

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by kiara campbell on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 202 at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by DR. ROWLAND in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see American History to 1877 in History at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.


Reviews for History 202 Study Guide WEEK 3


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/21/16
History 202 Study Guide WEEK 3 Professor: Rowland Section: 003 Topic 2 SETTLING THE WEST AND THE CLOSE OF THE FRONTIER A. MANIFEST DESTINY  Clear that god has given them destiny to “win” the West  Judeo-Christian Myth- open wild unmanaged land doesn’t sit well i. Religion commands what men should do with nature/environment ii. Forests are viewed as evil (example: Hogwarts, little red riding hood, Hansel & Gretel) iii. They must tame the wild West B. Transcontinental Railroad  Plans to link California to New York before the Civil war  4 Big Financiers i. Hired native born Americans and immigrants ii. Later adopts Chinese workforce o White workers strike for more pay, drank and were unreliable o The Chinese workers accept lower wages, were reliable, cooked for themselves (less money to pay for food then) and completed the jobs that needed to be done C. Taming the West  By 1880s more construction of continental railroads took place  This was viewed as “winning the west”  Designed to be the engines of trade and development  Railroad needed settled communities all along the lines i. The railroad promoters would pitch land to people so they’d settle there ii. 2.5 mill settlers were lured out to the great plains iii. Were encouraged to farm and cash crop  The government also encouraged people to come settle in the Great Plains  Homestead Act of 1862 i. Declared that if you stayed 5 years, the land given to you would become free afterwards Barbed Wire in 1872  Homesteaders can now fence off their property  Had free open range land before this Climate on Plains  Very tough climate  Insects, pests, droughts and floods were major issues for farmers Sodbusters of the Plains  Had to bust the sod to plant  Created sod huts because they had no access to lumber Farmers and The Trains  Railroad begins to jack up the rates of freight without government regulation  Powerless farmers are now at the mercy of the Railroads  Rise of the Granger Movement i. Hard to organize because they were so spread out over the plains ii. Political action groups whose intent is to apply pressure on State government to get the government to act on their behalf iii. They wanted regulated prices iv. They provided educational/social services  Grangers were not always successful in combating the Railroads i. The power of the Big Business is too great ii. The government was on the Railroads side D. Ranching, Drives, Cowboys and the Cattle Industry Ranching  Becoming free open range ranching which requires many cowboys  Texas Cattle Drive o Drive the cattle to cow towns where the railroads were o Were very organized Cowboy  Cowboys originated in Mexico  Had many tasks to do for the Drive o Round, cut, brand, etc  Were very unattractive jobs  Most did it as a once in a lifetime experience Devil’s Addition in Kansas Cowtowns  Family oriented, tidy culture VS rough vulgar cowboys o Permanent residents tolerated the other side of the town o The other side consisted of saloons, prostitution houses, etc  The locals endured this behavior/lifestyle because of the economic benefits Decline of Cowtowns and Golden Era 1. Expansion of Railroads  No need to drive cattle as much 2. Conflict with Homesteaders  Barbwires end open range concept  Now with the limited space they need to shelter their animals  The locals become tired of the rowdy cowboy 3. Locals tired of “Texas Tick”  The tick infects the domestic cattle  The tick was carried by the long horns on drives, and the locals want to ban the long horns from their area 4. Harsh Weather  Harsh weather makes it difficult for locals to survive and sustain E. Myth of the Cowboy- An American Invention  The great myth of who the Americans are comes from the cowboys Myth Reality  Cowboys are white  Many freemen and Mexicans  Cowboy for life  One-time thing  Life of  99% boredom and 1% panic adventure/excitement  Collaborative effort/team  Supreme individual oriented  Always has a gun with  Not allowed to carry guns- them would spook cattle  Lawless Crowd  Had to obey the town rules Myth with a Capital “M”  Throughout history cultures developed myths about their origins  These myths tell us what we think of ourselves as well as what we want others to think of us as  America’s myth: o Founding fathers: George Washington was honest, forthright, strong, healthy  Myth of the Cowboy: o Tells us America is a country of Men and the men run it (Women are loyal and are in charge of the domestic life) o W.A.S.P – White Anglo Saxon Protestant o Individualism (lone wolf) o Strong willed, stand up guys who are action oriented (shoot first, ask questions later)  Myth comes out of East not West F. CLOSE OF THE FRONTIER  People start working in the mill, factory, etc  Loss of independence  No control of what kind of work they do and when they do it. o The machines are more valuable than the workers Explosion in Print Media  The number of Dallies explode  Creates high competition o Yellow Kid and Yellow Journalism o Creates crazy stories for entertainment but they are lies  A fascination with crime, adventure, danger and disaster o Penny gazettes, police gazettes, Victorian-era dime novels tell stories of amusement  Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show o Very popular world wide o Portrayed west conquest as the Indians attacking the whites, where the whites were victims and had no choice but to defend themselves. This led to them winning the land. G. Conquering the West: Fate of the American Indians Bureau of Indian Affairs  Indian policy post Civil War= Remove Indians on plains/mountains west to reservations  Sherman: “Either Indians submit… Or exterminate them” Pattern Emerges- Sioux Nation 1. Indians forced to sign treaties, give up land and more onto reservations 2. Gold/ precious metal found on reservations in 1872 and settlers move in to take over 3. Indians react 4. Army called in to deal with Indian resistance 5. Treaties modified/renegotiated a. Indians ended up with less land Army Changed Tactics 1. Calvary is no real match to Indian fighters on horses 2. Advantage lay in numbers, technology, and organizational skills 3. Attack base camps in the winter 4. Destroys livelihood (what Indians use to survive) which is the buffalo a. Railroad companies/settlers encouraged wide-scale buffalo hunts 5. Use Indian tribes to hunt down illusive Indian groups a. They exploit the disagreements between the various tribes Cutler and the Little Big Horn (1876)  Cutler used Crow scouts to find other Indians  He learned of a large group gathered somewhere  He decided to attack o This was led on by poor judgment and he became a victim of his own success o He thought because he raided and won other Indian settlements in the same manner he could do it again  The Indians defeated Custer  This was a huge embarrassing loss o Especially because it was the sentential and everyone was celebrating Army Grinds Down  The Nez Perce Indians were forced to sign a treaty and were given small land in Idaho  Settlers began to move onto reservation violating the treaty  The Nez Perce tried to flee to Canada o They hit the army while fleeing o Army wouldn’t stop coming for them o Nez Perce get worn down of long flee and rested, however the army caught up and the Nez Perce surrendered Last Gasp: Ghost Dance Vision at Wounded Knee  This was the last of the Indian Resistance  Did a ghost dance and believed they would be protected from bullets  Army demanded all Indians to return to Reservation by a certain time  1 group got delayed and couldn’t make it o U.S cavalry showed up which happened to be Custards army o Still had old grudges from the Little Big Horn battle o Massacred all the Indians they found (men, women and children) o Mutilated/ desecrated their bodies Indian Settlement 1850  Oklahoma remained Indian Territory  The are was not great, much illness was there  This land got taken away form them too because settlers rushed in who were called “sooners”  Now the land was open to settlement


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.