BIOB 170 Week One
BIOB 170 Week One BIOB 170
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isabella Sturgeon on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOB 170 at University of Montana taught by Dr. Kevin Murray in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Principles Biological Diversity in Biology at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
Week 1 BIOB 170 Notes Classifying Life and Phylogenetic Kingdoms • Plants • Animals • In 1960s Plantae, Fungi, Animalia, Protista, Monera Domains • More inclusive than kingdoms • Bacteria- Monera • Archaea- Monera • Eukarya- Protista, Plantae, Fungi and Animalia o All have a common ancestor o Archaea and eukarya are more closely related Hierarchical Classifications 1. Kingdom 2. Phylum 3. Class 4. Order 5. Family 6. Genus 7. Specific Epithet Phylogenetics • Study of evolutionary relationships • Shows super groups • Branch point- where two new species are formed • Ancestral group- the ancestor of two new species • Monophyletic- a clade from the same common ancestor • Polyphyletic- a group coming from two or more ancestors • Paraphyletic- a clade with unknown occurrence • Clade- a group that share a common derived trait Evolutionary Relationships • Homologous- structures that are derived from a common ancestor • Analogous- structures with similar functions due to convergent evolution Prokaryotes • Earliest form of life • Diverged into bacteria and archaea • Archean o Distinguishing traits § No peptidoglycan in cell walls § Histone § Antibiotic response negative
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