New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psychology 100 Weekly Notes (Feb 16/18th)

by: Christopher Raite

Psychology 100 Weekly Notes (Feb 16/18th) PSYCH 100

Marketplace > Pennsylvania State University > Psychlogy > PSYCH 100 > Psychology 100 Weekly Notes Feb 16 18th
Christopher Raite
Penn State
GPA 3.55

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover all lecture notes and examples given in class.
Introductory Psychology
Joshua Wede
Class Notes
Psychology, PSU, psychology 100
25 ?




Popular in Introductory Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christopher Raite on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 100 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Joshua Wede in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Pennsylvania State University.

Similar to PSYCH 100 at Penn State


Reviews for Psychology 100 Weekly Notes (Feb 16/18th)


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/21/16
Exam 2 Material Begins: Only one lecture this week due to testing Lecture 8 – Perceptual Organization Perceptual Illusions- using the environment to create meaning • To understand how perception is organized, illusions provide good examples. • Muller-Lyer Illusion  Which segment is longer AB or BC? • Ames Room  What is wrong with this picture?- Room appears perfectly square, when it is not • Tall Arch  Is the arc taller than it is wide, or wider than it is tall? • Watercolor effect- How we fill in surfaces- brain fills in the eges Figure and Ground  Our brain mus deciede what is a figure and what is the ground, on exam, know why after image is made and how opponent process theory supports it  Then it has to decide which part of an object goes with which part  Figure and Ground Examples - Old lady/young lady -Vase/Cup or two faces Can never see both images Depth Perception  Depth perception enables us to judge distances.  2 Types of Cues  Binocular  Uses both eyes  Monocular  Only requires 1 eye  Binocular cues  Retinal disparity (binocular disparity)  Our eyes are located slightly apart  Image on each retina is slightly different  When brain combines images, it sees things in 3-d  Example - See a “finger sausage” in front of your nose?  Example – Magic Eye  Convergence  Our eyes move together to focus on something close, farther apart for distant objects  Monocular cues- require only one eye  Relative Size  If two objects are similar in size, one that casts a smaller retinal image as farther away.  Interposition (occulation)  One object blocks our view of another, the object that is blocking is closer  Aerial Perspective  Light passes through atmosphere  More atmosphere – more noise (haze)  Clear objects are closer  Linear Perspective  Parallel lines appear to converge with distance.  The more the lines converge, the greater their perceived distance.  KNOW THAT LINEAR PERSPECTIVE IS DIFFERENT FROM CONVERGANCE  Texture Gradient  We see fewer details (texture) the farther an object is from us  Motion Parallax  Close objects appear to move more quickly than objects that are farther away  Depth Cues  Used by artists all the time Perceptual Constancies  Perceiving the properties of an object to remain the same even though the physical properties are changing  Stimulus (retinal image) changes, percept stays the same  Shape constancy  Shaper perception always the same, retinal image  Size constancy  We perceive an object as same size, even it retinal changes  Size-distance relationship  Color Constancy  Color of an object remains the same under different illuminations.  However, when context changes, color of an object may look different All the time? • Perceptual constancies  Retinal image changes, percept stays the same • Checkerboard illusion  Retinal image same – percept changes  Depends on context • Change context, percept changes!! Lecture 9 – Intro to Memory & Encoding Memory – Persistence of learning over time, through active encoding, storage and retrieval of information • Memory Process – Encoding – getting information into memory system – Storage – retention of information – Retrieval – getting information out – Memory: Encoding------Storage------Retrieval (Keyboard) (Disk) (Monitor) • Information Processing – Three-stage model of memory (Atkinson-Shiffrin)  Sensory memory – immediate, brief recording of sensory information  Short Term memory - holds a few items for a short time  Long term memory – relatively permanent and limitless storage Sensory Memory-----Short Term Memory----___ Long Term Memory • Working Memory (Baddeley)= Short Term Memory – Much more realistic (and complex) representation of STM – Contains auditory and visual-spatial elements Encoding Information – Events we notice and attend one encoded message in working memory – Further processing and rehearsing may encode parts in long-term memory • Automatic Processing – Enormous amount of information is processed effortlessly  Space  Time • Effortful processing – Novel information committed to memory requires effort  Learning a concept from a text. • Maintenance (Rote) Rehearsal – Repeating information to keep in working memory  Memorization of facts  Once stop – generally goes away  Might get into LTM • Elaborative Rehearsal – Transfer info from STM to LTM by making info meaningful  Leads to much stronger LTM  Relating information to prior knowledge • What do we encode? – There are many ways to encode information  Semantic encoding (meaning)  Acoustic encoding (sound)  Visual encoding (visual structure) • Encoding Meaning • Visual Encoding: envisioning your own house is a great example – Mental pictures (imagery) are a powerful aid to effortful processing (not necessarily the same as visual encoding)  Especially when combined with semantic encoding.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.