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Chapter 4 Notes

by: Rosalino Antunez

Chapter 4 Notes SOC 1003

Rosalino Antunez
Arkansas Tech University

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About this Document

Notes over chapter 4. Discussed in class.
Introduction to Sociology
Dr. Chapman
Class Notes
sociology, notes, soc
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rosalino Antunez on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Chapman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Social Sciences at Arkansas Tech University.

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Date Created: 02/21/16
Chapter 4 Stereotypes in everyday life tend to be what you want to see. Personal Space – Physical amount of space that we claim as our own. We often see people invade our “space” and makes us uncomfortable. Dramaturgy – Term by Goffman, and it analyzed social life according to drama (Play). We have a front stage – where performance is given, and a backstage – where you prepare for a performance and reflect. Role Performance – A person’s style of acting out a role, and there is an expectation in behavior. Impression Management – The steps taken to give people a positive impression Sign Vehicles – signs that communicate information about stuff, like social setting. Appearance and acting only through costume. A Role conflict is when you are unsure of which role is important, if you have various roles. Role strain is when you are unsure of two ways to act a role. Ethnomethodology – exploring background assumptions. Thomas Theorem – if people define situations as real, they are real in their consequences. Microsociology – social interactions that deal with face-to-face and small interactions. Macrosociology – Broad features of society like Functionalists and Conflict theorists. Social structure consists of various relationships between people and groups that direct and set limits on human behavior. Components include: Culture, class, status, roles, and groups. Our shared culture makes us similar to one another and other people seem different. Social class is based on income, education, and occupational prestige. Interests shared among people of same social class. Social Status is the position one occupies; guidelines how to act and feel. Ascribed status is involuntary like race, sex, age. Achieved status is controlled and voluntarily earned. Status symbols are signs people use to show they are a member of a group or position. Master status is the status that overshadows all other statuses. Roles are behaviors, obligations, and privileges attached to a status. Groups are people who interact and share values/interests. Social institutions are standard ways a society meets its needs. Society becomes more rigid as it evolves or advances. Bureaucracy is a hierarchy formed government. Each institution has its own status and sets limits on behavior. Mass Media – Influences our views on issues. Functionalists – interests of certain groups only met with mass media, and they view institutions as replacing members, socializing new members, producing and distributing goods and services. Conflict theorists – Allows people in privilege to retain power and preserve the status quo. Mass media is to flex power because only the wealthy control it. Organic Solidarity – division of labor; all exist knowing we perform a task and fill different functions. Mechanical Solidarity – collective consciousness with people performing similar tasks. Both of these hold society together. Class Consciousness – shared awareness with same class. Gemeinschaft –people share in a sense of togetherness in a small society, with intimate personal relationships. Gesellschaft – different people; impersonal relationships and individual society and accomplishments. Strive for individuality


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