New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 4 Islam in Africa Notes

by: Raleigh Zook

Week 4 Islam in Africa Notes RELA 3900/ RELI3900

Raleigh Zook
GPA 3.55

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes go over the Africanization process of Islam. It goes over the three-phase process instituted by Fisher and Sanneh and the role of Ibn Battuta of medieval Mali.
Islam in Africa
Cynthia Hoehler-Fatton
Class Notes
islam, religion, Africa, Ibn Battuta, Africanization
25 ?




Popular in Islam in Africa

Popular in Religious Studies

This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raleigh Zook on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RELA 3900/ RELI3900 at University of Virginia taught by Cynthia Hoehler-Fatton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Islam in Africa in Religious Studies at University of Virginia.


Reviews for Week 4 Islam in Africa Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/21/16
The Africanization Process of Islam I. Conversion Models Rupture; Sudden shift in orientation; Turn back on former beliefs a. The individual 1. Suddenly o Example: In the Christian religion, St. Paul on the road to Damascus was blinded by light, converted, and was given a new name (from Saul to Paul) o Being “born again” à Accepting Jesus as a personal savior 2. Gradually o To become unified; Firmer hold on realities o Not from a single cause; Contextual b. Societies as a whole Three-Phase Model (Fisher and Sanneh) o Quarantine: Muslim clerics and merchants were the primary propeonents of the faith—Little impact on commoners § Introductory exposure § Muslims living in enclaves à Observation o Mixing: Integrating Islam with indigenous practices § Adaptation and peace § Predominating time period o Reform: 18 – 19 Centuries § Jihad movements Ø These phases did not start at the same time or place --Level of state, household, lineage, individual, popular culture Ø Orthopraxy/Orthodoxy II. Mixing of Islam Implies the person is not practicing Islam accurately Static motion—a type of Islam Term applied by an outsider—Not recognizing the connections • Lack of coherence Struggle of synthesis Ibn Battuta’s role: • He was a Muslim scholar who travelled a lot throughout the Islamic world • Sunni Muslim • Maliki Most of what is currently known about medieval Mali comes from him: • Condemned practices o E.g. people should not bow to other men (only Allah) o Higher rates of matrilineal societies in West Africa • Emphasis on mutuality in Mali o Theological view arising • Condemned spirit possession cults like bori, Zar, and Pepo o Djinn/jinn existed, but did not like people’s preoccupation with them § The word “genie” derives from this § Mentioned in Quran (They do exist) § Invisible beings parts of the cosmos, but unlike angels, they can be disobedient and can harass


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.