Week 4 Islam in Africa Notes
Week 4 Islam in Africa Notes RELA 3900/ RELI3900
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raleigh Zook on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RELA 3900/ RELI3900 at University of Virginia taught by Cynthia Hoehler-Fatton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Islam in Africa in Religious Studies at University of Virginia.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
The Africanization Process of Islam I. Conversion Models Rupture; Sudden shift in orientation; Turn back on former beliefs a. The individual 1. Suddenly o Example: In the Christian religion, St. Paul on the road to Damascus was blinded by light, converted, and was given a new name (from Saul to Paul) o Being “born again” à Accepting Jesus as a personal savior 2. Gradually o To become unified; Firmer hold on realities o Not from a single cause; Contextual b. Societies as a whole Three-Phase Model (Fisher and Sanneh) o Quarantine: Muslim clerics and merchants were the primary propeonents of the faith—Little impact on commoners § Introductory exposure § Muslims living in enclaves à Observation o Mixing: Integrating Islam with indigenous practices § Adaptation and peace § Predominating time period o Reform: 18 – 19 Centuries § Jihad movements Ø These phases did not start at the same time or place --Level of state, household, lineage, individual, popular culture Ø Orthopraxy/Orthodoxy II. Mixing of Islam Implies the person is not practicing Islam accurately Static motion—a type of Islam Term applied by an outsider—Not recognizing the connections • Lack of coherence Struggle of synthesis Ibn Battuta’s role: • He was a Muslim scholar who travelled a lot throughout the Islamic world • Sunni Muslim • Maliki Most of what is currently known about medieval Mali comes from him: • Condemned practices o E.g. people should not bow to other men (only Allah) o Higher rates of matrilineal societies in West Africa • Emphasis on mutuality in Mali o Theological view arising • Condemned spirit possession cults like bori, Zar, and Pepo o Djinn/jinn existed, but did not like people’s preoccupation with them § The word “genie” derives from this § Mentioned in Quran (They do exist) § Invisible beings parts of the cosmos, but unlike angels, they can be disobedient and can harass
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