Chapter 1 The Basics
Chapter 1 The Basics 623359
penn state berks
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jaime Dolan on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 623359 at penn state berks taught by Dr. John Grandizio in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Anatomy,Physiology, & Disease in Professional Education Services at penn state berks.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
Chapter 1 The Basics 1/13/16 Anatomy is the study of structures and Physiology is the study of how structures function. Standard Anatomical Position head, toes, and palms of the hands are facing forward. Anatomical Term of Direction: Anterior or ventral means front. Posterior or dorsal means back side. Superior is closer to the top of the head. Inferior is farther away from the top of the head. Medial is the midline toward the body. Lateral is the midline away from the body. Proximal is closer to the connection to the body and is used for the appendicular region only. Distal is farther from the connection to the body and is used for the appendicular region only. Superficial is closer to the surface. Deep is farther from the surface. Anatomical Regions: Axialhead, neck, trunk Abdominalbelly Axillaryarmpit Cephalic or Cranialhead Cervicalneck Facialface Inguinalgroin Pelviclower end of the trunk Thoracicchest Umbilicalnavel Appendiculararms and legs Brachialarm Carpalwrist Cubitalelbow Femoralthigh Palmarpalms of the hands Patellarknee Plantarsoles of the feet Tarsalankle Anatomical Planes The sagittal plane separates right from left. The transverse or horizontal plane separates top from bottom. The frontal or coronal plane separates front from back. Anatomical Positions Supine is anterior surface facing up. Prone is anterior surface facing down. Anatomical Cavities Dorsal Cranial Cavitybrain Vertebral Cavityspinal cord Thoracic Pleural Cavities (2)lungs Pericardial Cavityheart Abdominopelvic Abdominal Cavity digestive organs, spleen Pelvic Cavity urinary, bladder, rectum, reproductive organs Serous Membranes form two layers when surroundings an organ, similar to a water balloon surrounding a fist. Pericardial Membranes heart Pleural Membranes surrounds the lungs Peritoneal Membranessurrounds Mesenteriessections of the peritoneum that neatly arrange blood. Homeostasis is a steady internal environment in which the body works best. Negative Feedbackprocess the body uses to reverse the direction of movement away from homeostasis. Positive Feedbackprocess the body uses increase the movement away from homestasis.
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