Week 6 notes
Week 6 notes ARTH1001
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Drake Lundstrom on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH1001 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Erin Hackmann in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see History of Art 1 in Art History at The University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
Greek acropolis, city on a hill. Athens. Greeks attacked by persians and became really greeks, created shared treasury Doric temple x=2Y+1. Kallikrates and Iktinos. Perfect beauty is math and harmonic ratios. Some irregularities, tlye curves upwards, thicker columns on the end, so that it appears perfect to the human eye. The temple is made to house a deity, with worship occurring outside. Cult statue contained within the stela. Recreation of cult statue that no longer survives today because of the valuable materials. Triumph over the Persian, order over disorder, civilization over barbarians Three goddesses, high classical because clothes cling to the body as if wet Caryatid: felmate figure used as architectural support Polycleitus, spear bearer: (know his name.): wrote the canon: which are the ideal proportions that make the perfect human form. This is a copy of the original bronze. Bronze was the most popular medium in the era, and virtually all of the statues we see are jst roman copies. Late classical period: Marked by political instability. Peloponnesian war has Sparta beat Athens and Athens is no longer the dominant power. Greek fell under Macedonian rule with Alexander the great Art is on individual and the real world of appearances. Praxiteles. Aphrodite of Knidos: One of the first nude, female, full size greek statue. Though male nudity was revered, female nudity had been low class and appropriate for slaves and the like. Girls would typically cover themselves. Late classical work has a slightly different feeling, a real-worldness that moves away from the ideal. More sensual than erotic. Hellenistic period: begins the year Alexander the great dies. Two main art trends: anti-classical, or classically influenced. Very varied art styles. Expressionism: art is trying to get an emotional response Epigonos, dying gallic trumpeter: Difference from classical sculpture: Not very grand. Even though an enemy, still represented as a strong warrior, since having a strong enemy makes themselves look even stronger. Expressionism is very present in Hellenistic art. Reconstructed west front of the alter from Pergamon. A temple for zeus. There is a massize frieze about the battle between the Olympic gods and the giants. Symbolizes the greeks fighting against the galls. Athena attacking the giants. Very different from classical, because there is utter chaos, instead of the order of the classical period. Athena is above the others and is being reached towards by all around her, drawing the eye and making her the effective center of the piece. She appears to support the others and be above the battle herself. Hagesandros, Polydoros, and Athenodosos of Rhodes, Aocoon and his son: Lots of diagonals, and chaos. Nike (victory) of Samothrace: Strong contrast between light and dark. Her clothes are ‘whipped by the wind’. Old woman, roman copy: bigdeparture from idealism. There are new types of subjects, and statues that depict old men and women from the bottom of the social ladder. She seems almost broken down. A much wider variety in the types of art. Aphodite of Melos (Venus de milo): Continuation of the classical period, and relates back to Praxiles, with the undressing. More erotic than the other one. Her left hand holds the golden apple, and her right hand may have held her clothes. She has a few helenisic traits, like stepping into space and having a very curved body. Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos: Part of late classical, so female nudity of important person, and slightly less idealism. There is also the pronounced by s curve Persian invasion is beginning of classical. Defeat of Athens is late classical Death of alexander the great marks the start of the Hellenistic period. Hellenistic period: expressionistic art. Very dramatic, powerful poses, sense of movement. Altar for perengruai: High relief, very dramiatic Old woman, there are not many statues of unimportant old people until the Hellenistic period. Praxitiles: aphodite of venos Polyclitus: created the canon, defining perfect proportions. New stuff: Etruscan art and culture: Etruscans lived in Etruria, northern and central Italy. Merchants, traders, influenced by others like the greeks. They wrote, but very short pieces. They are known for pottery and metal work. Their unique art style was heavily influenced by others. Their art history is also divided similarly to greek Their architecture has a large influence on the romans, and loved to use perishable materials like wood and mud brick. Because of that, not much survived, but we have been able to piece it together, especially since they make some pots look like houses, and the roman wrote about their architecture. Model of a typical 6 century temple as described by Vitruvius: atruscan temples ar very different from Greek. Different column type, rooftop sculpture is above roof, not in roof, there is a clear front, and the pillars don’t go all the way around. Master Sculptor Vulca, Apollo. Made of terracotta Tombs are homes for the dead in the afterlife. Partially above ground and look like mounds of earth. Called Tumulus tombs. Even had streets and looked like a city.. Burial chamber: has stone furniture, reliefs of everyday objects, looks like house. Think of a big dollhouse, with everything shown in detail, but useless. Also, everything is made out of stone and very eternal. Women are treated differently than the greeks. Much more rights, kept their own name, literate, could own property, able to party. All kinds of things. Reclining couple on sarcophagus: Husband and wife on a louge couch, men and women are mostly equal. Also, the truscan figues are more natural, relaxed, and lifelike than greek art at the same time. Date questions are often missed. Figure of a woman: Cycladic culture: no written records, not much known. Figures are found in burial sights. Not meant to stand on their own. Head with remains of painted decoration. Female figures much more common than men, and used to show important events. Reconstruction of palace on a hill: Minoans, there is little to no fortification. Woman or goddess with snakes: very heavily restored. And snakes are associated with positive qualities. Harvester Rhyton: Minoan culture. Very curvoliniar and sense of movement. Shows detail under the skin.
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