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Week of Notes for Music in Human Imagination (starting Kelly's book)

by: Arely Sanchez

Week of Notes for Music in Human Imagination (starting Kelly's book) MUMH 1600

Marketplace > University of North Texas > Music > MUMH 1600 > Week of Notes for Music in Human Imagination starting Kelly s book
Arely Sanchez
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

The notes over kelly's book and gregorian chant.
Music in Human Imagination
Dr. Randy Kinnett
Class Notes
music kelly gregorian chant imagination one week of notes notes for 2nd exam
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Arely Sanchez on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUMH 1600 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Randy Kinnett in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Music in Human Imagination in Music at University of North Texas.


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Date Created: 02/21/16
Kelly’s  Book   • Music  throughout  history   • “you  are  there  guide  to  masterpieces  of  western  music       -­‐European  and  American    classical  tradition     Classical  Music   • elite  people  listen  to  it  (stereotyping)   • can  be  found  in  movies   • recent  appropriation  and  reuse  of  far  larger  tradition       -­‐gets  talked  about  awkwardly       -­‐western  art  music     >New  Ideas   • valuing  old  “great  composers”  and  “masterpieces”  above  whats   new     • experiencing  music  in  a  museum  like  way   • having  to  be  very  appropriate  about  it   • musicians  hope  to  be  historically  relevant  and  remembered       >Broader  Tradition   • it  is  old  (millennium)   • mostly  notated       -­‐written  down   • mostly  by  professional  musicians  for  elite  patrons   • has  changed  completely       -­‐patronage       -­‐purposes  (reasons)       -­‐styles     Periodization   • different  times  and  things  that  have  happened  (begin  and  end)   • lead  to  generalizations     Medieval  Era   • from  about  to  476  to  1450   • “middle  ages”   • start  at  fall  of  Roman  Empire   • ends  with  Renaissance   • church  patronage  more  significant  than  all  the  others  (dominant)       -­‐influences  music’s  purposes  and  music’s  styles   • aristocratic  (private  chapels)   • predominant  musical  genre:  Gregorian  chant     Western  Church  habits  to  Western  Europe   • diverse  (Christendom)  (realm)   • Christian  beliefs/stories  (holy  trinity)   • Frequent  public  worship  services  (liturgies  )       -­‐mass       -­‐office  (prayer  rituals/psalms)       -­‐in  latin   • Church  calendar   • Gregorian  chant     -­‐plainchant,  chant,  plainsong     Gregorian  Chant   • Sacred  singing   • Performed  by  trained  singers  only   • A  cappella   • Non-­‐metrical  (no  beat)   • Sung  in  unison       -­‐same  melody  (monophonic)   • Learned  by  ear  (memory)   • Transmitted  orally  through  at  least  900s  AD   • Anonymous   • Syllabic,  neumatic,  melismatic     ‘   Music in human Imagination Notes (1/22-2/10) Basic erms NOTE: -pitch: how high or low a note sounds; frequency; length of vocal folds (different with women and men) -duration: how long/short a notes lasts -dynamics: how loud or soft a note becomes -forte (f) =LOUD -piano (p)= SOFT -fortissimo (ff)= Intensive Loud -mezzo forte (mf)= MEDIUM -mezzo piano (mp)= Not too soft -changing dynamics: < = crescendo > = decrescendo -timbre: (tone color): quality of the sound -ex: different sounds using different instruments (nasal, raspy, breathy) RHYTHM: how musical sounds occur in time (patterns) -beat: skeleton underneath rhythm (a perceived pulse) and are also grouped -meter: how beats are grouped -duple meter: group of 2 -triple meter: group of 3 -quadruple meter: group of 4 MELODY: series of notes played one after the next -theme: melodies that matter (it comes back later in the song) -motive: a theme; short -ex: symphony no.5 (motif) -phrase: segment of melody that is already sectioned off (in singing where you would take a breath) HARMONY: notes/pitches being all played together -chord: taking a few pitches (combination = make harmonies) -consonant: relatively unstrained sound (beautiful) /feels good -dissonant: relatively harsh (not beautiful)/ doesn’t feel good *but when played together they resolve the dissonant and it sounds what your ears wanted* -mode: groups of pitches that cultures use (but there is an overlap) >major >minor TEXTURE: how we hear music happening in layers (instruments/singers and their voices) -monophony: one melody happening and nothing else (one musicians/many musicians playing 1 melody -ex: monks -polyphony: more than one melody happening at the same time -homophony: -I. melody and accompaniment: support -II. multiple melodies happening with the same rhythm FORM: structure over time (sections) -repetition: multiple times hearing versus -contrast: “bridge” in song -variation: repeated but music has changed ex: A= part of a song B=another part A’= same thing with another thing added ex: AABA’A” A’AA”A”” Music and Survival -“Primary Process” (Bateson) >inner life >expressing how we can take out consciousness without forming them into language >we can find voices in subconscious -Flow (The guy with the really long name starts with a C) >your concentration is at such a high level >everything around you disappears >challenging is moderate -ex: practicing something “Signs” (Pierce) >stand or mean something (object), creating an effect in the observer >semiotics is the study of signs -icon: resemblance of an object ex: outline/drawing of a horse vs. the real thing >category (genres) -index: experience sign and object together -symbol: what tings mean with a linguistic way Turinos Four Fields of Music Making 1. Participatory Performance 2. Presentational Performance 3. High Fidelity Recording 4. Studio Audio Art -Participatory Performance >values the number of people >no audience distinction >there is only participants and potential participants *> (really important) the goal is to get the most people to participate Presentational Performance >there is an actual audience > most likely a stage, microphones for artists >strict line between artist and audience >the goal is to have artistry, contrast, its better to listen to High Fidelity Recording >recording that gives you the illusion of a live performance >needs to present an iconic hearing of a live performance ex: live albums: concerts that happen to be recorded field recordings How is Music Related to who you are? “my music” “music is either ours or someone else’s” Music and Self, Identity, Culture” -self: our body (mind+nervous system+genes) and the total collection of habits that guide everything we think and do -identity: partial and variable selection of habits and attributes used to represent ourselves and to others but also aspects of ourselves that we and others want to perceive as salient/relevant *difference between self and identity is self is all of us while identity is parts of ourselves we want to be and for others to see too* -culture: habits of thought and practice shared among individuals -culture formation: group of people who share a majority of habits that make most parts of each member’s self -cultural cohort: group of people formed around shared habits based on similarities of parts of the self; can be positive/negative ex: gender ideas skin color class status


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