American Politics: Week 6 Notes
American Politics: Week 6 Notes POLS 1110 - 003
Popular in American Politics
POLS 1110 - 003
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Political Science
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Makayla Prince on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1110 - 003 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Jason Giersch in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see American Politics in Political Science at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
Reviews for American Politics: Week 6 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/21/16
American Politics Notes week 6 Public Opinion and Political Action ● The distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policies ● Not just the “average” opinion ● Efforts to influence the selection of political leaders or policies ● Not just voting In a democracy, people matter ● Who lives here? who votes? ● What groups are growing in size? ● How can people’s voices be heard? ● Should we tell politicians what to do? Or do we entrust them to tell us what to do? Immigrant Society ● A nation of nations 1 million legal immigrants per year 500,000 illegal immigrants per year 12% of residents are foreign born ● Waves of immigration Northwest Europe Africa Southern and Eastern Europe Hispanics Asians Restrictions on Immigration ● Open door policy ● Criminals, prostitutes, lunatics, diseased (1875) ● Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) ● JohnsonReid Immigration Act (1924) regional quotas ● HartCeller Immigration and Nationality Act (1965) Family integration (would a skills basis be better?) ● SimpsonMazzoli Act (1986) proof of immigration status for employment American Melting Pot ● Political culture and assimilation ● Will new groups assimilate? There is often a fear that they won’t Regional Shift ● Northeast most populations ● West and South growing since WWII Sun belt migration: Arizona, Texas, Florida Political power of these areas increasing ● Reapportionment Made once each decade, after census Graying of America ● Over 65 fastest growing age group People are living longer Fertility rate decreasing ● Implications for Social Security Ratio changing Politicallysensitive We are a democracy, so who we are matters ● Age ● Race ● Culture ● Religion ● Wealth Process of Political Socialization ● Civics class as the tip of the iceberg ● Family Central role Time and emotional commitment ● Mass media The new parents (and teachers) Age gap in following politics more media, less news ● School the government’s only real chance of socializing the young Value the US political system, free enterprise, and democracy Political Learning over a Lifetime ● Increasing participation with age ● Party identification strengthens ● Political behavior is learned ● Why don’t we make a big deal over someone’s first vote? Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information ● How polls are conducted ● Role of Polls in American Democracy ● What polls reveal about Americans’ political information ● Decline of trust in government How Polls are Conducted ● Sample ● Random Sample ● Sampling error ● Random digit dialing Cell phones ● Internet polling Roll of Polls in American Democracy ● Polling as a tool for democracy: pros and cons Gauge opinion between elections Following rather than leading Pandering or shaping? Bandwagon effect ● Exit Polls Affect election results ● Question Wording What Polls Reveal about Americans’ Political Information ● Americans are uninformed Jeffersonian faith in wisdom of common people unfounded Young people most uninformed ● Who is responsible for the illinformed electorate? Is it the schools’ fault? Is it the media’s fault? ● Paradox of mass politics Decline of Trust in Government ● The great slide Vietnam war Watergate Economy/hostage crisis ● Is public cynicism good? Negative effect on programs for poor What Americans Value: Political Ideologies ● Who are the liberals and Conservatives? ● Do people think in ideological terms? Who are the Liberals and Conservatives? ● Conservatives Dominate 41% conservative/ 21% liberal Younger people are less conservative Minorities less conservative Wealthy more conservative Gender gap Religious more conservative Do People Think in Ideological Terms? ● Types of voters ideologues Group benefits Nature of the times No issue content ● Ideology of limited importance Seen as threat to family How Americans Participate in Politics ● Conventional participation ● Protest as participation ● Class, Inequality, and Participation Conventional Participation ● Conventional Participation Voting Running for Office Collecting signatures for a petition ● Unconventional Participation Protesting Civil Disobedience Violence Protest as Participation ● Drawing attention Protests attract the media Rare ● Civil Disobedience Breaking unjust laws ● Violence Class, Inequality, and Participation ● Higher socioeconomic status = higher participation rates Minorities vote at nearly equal levels ● What are the policy implications of lower political participation? Understanding Public Opinion and Political Action ● Public attitudes toward the scope of government ● Democracy, public opinion, and political action Public Attitudes Toward the Scope of Government ● Should government do more or less? In peacetime, most Americans say “less” ● But public opinion is complex and inconsistent Ideological conservatives Operational liberals Policy gridlock Democracy, Public Opinion, and Political Action ● Representative Democracy Decide who governs ● Is the public fit to choose its leaders? Yes and no
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'