Africa Presentation and Romani Culture
Africa Presentation and Romani Culture HSS 1120
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Robyn Dixon on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HSS 1120 at Southern Utah University taught by Dr. Kholoud Al-Qubbaj in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Diversity in Arts and Humanities at Southern Utah University.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
1 Africa a 2nCI most populated continent i 1 billion people b 54 countries i 6 regions Northern Africa Western Africa Eastern Africa Southern Africa Central Africa Indian Ocean Islands P P PP N c Minorities i Indigenous African ii Imazighen iii Arabic iv Asian v European d Estimates 2000 languages i M including tribal dialects 2 Amazigh a Names means quotHe who is freequot b Incorrectly known as quotberberquot barbarian c Northern Africa i Morocco ii Libya d Ancient culture and people i 10000 years old ii Traditionally nomadic e Language i Tamazight 1 Passed down orally 2 Recently written down a Within the last 200 years 3 Related to Egyptian ii Unof cial until 2011 1 Not legally allowed to name children traditional names f ONLY true natives of Northern Africa g At one point controlled Spain and Canary Islands i Moor people h Traditions i Face paint women 1 Celebrations 2 Weddings 3 Bridal fairs a Women dress traditionally b Meet potential suitors ii Liver represents affection 1 US heart i Discrimination last 50100 years i Imprisoned ii Tortured iii Subject to marginalization iv Only recently allowed into schools 1 Considered 51 illiterate because the people were not legally allowed to speak their native language j Women are allowed to leave a marriage if it is not good k Food i Similar to Moroccan food 1 Legumes 2 Eaten on the oor Religion i Sunni Muslim 1 Certain tribes believe in myths fortunes tellers folk tales etc 3 Mursi a Eastern Africa i Southern Ethiopia 1 Omo Valley b Lip Stretching i The larger plate a girl can tolerate the higher her bridal price gets ii Originally meant to make girls unattractive to Slave traders c Violent people i Unmarried men duel other men from different tribes to prove themselves ii Coming of age ritual iii Duel does not end until one falls or breaks something d Religion i Tumwi 1 Force bigger than themselves a Based on the environment 2 Healers Women 3 Priests Men a One per clan b Bring rain c Protect men d Protect cattle e Traditions i Use cattle only for milk and blood 1 Believe that blood will give power and strength ii Cattle are considered sacred 1 Men use AK 47 to protect cattle 4 Tuareg a Means quotAbandoned by Godquot b Sahara Desert i Nomadic c 12 million people d Language branch off of Berber languages i Tamasheq ii Tamajeq D LO 339 Baka a b C d e iii Tamahaq Traditions i Starting at 25 years old men wear indigo veil 1 quotBlue men of the desertquot ii Coming of age festival 1 Show camel riding ability Food i Only eat meat on special occasions 1 Eat proteinbased foods Milk and cheese ii Obtain water only when pass through rural towns or by a river 1 Sometimes from desert oasis Economy i Trade based economy ii Men spend 57 months on camel caravans 1 Trade dates salt tools spices perfumes and cloth 2 ONLY men a Widowed women send camel with male relatives Religion i Based loosely in Islam 1 Not as strict ii Male circumcision and face veil wrapping occurs at 18 years old iii Believe that soul can rise and travel while the body sleeps 1 Soul not con ned to body iv Afterlife 1 Souls are free to roam but generally stay close to grave Central Africa i Cameroon ii Rainforest Language i Baka 1 Forest language 2 Words for animals depend on animal39s gender and mood Religion i Jengi 1 God of Forest 2 Offering 3 Dance a Represent forest spirits Traditions i Men initiatory process 1 Symbolically slain 2 Teeth sharpening ii HunterGatherers 1 Bowcrossbow hunting a Poison arrowheads iii Water Drumming Recent Problems i Deforestation 1 Traditionally nomadic but being forced to become sedentary 2 Inadequate diet a Loss of food and resources ii Forest rangers 1 Beaten and torturing for poaching iii Captured into Slavery 6 Bushmen a b 100000 people Southern Africa i Namibia 1 Namib and Kalahari Desert Maintain culture and traditions i Including hunting methods Religion i Do not pray to a god ii Believe in good and bad spirits 1 Rituals for good luck from good spirits Live in huts and move with game for food ROMANI CULTURE GYPSIES 1 Worldwide Phenomenon a Located in i Central and Eastern Europe ii Spain iii France iv Russia v Ukraine vi America 1 Large cities Los Angeles New England etc b Population i 14 million in Europe 1 Largest European minority ii 15 million in the US c Lifestyle and Origins i Caravan lifestyle 1 Originally nomadic 2 Settled after Europe prohibited nomadic lifestyle ii Believed to have originated in India 2 Flag a Blue and green i Represents Heaven Blue and Earth Green b Red Chakra Spooked Wheel i Represents migratory heritage of Romani people 3 Stereotypes a Believed to be of Egyptian origin i EgyptGypsy b Believed to be beggars swindlers thieves i quotI ve been gyppedquot c Fortune tellers psychics etc 4 Language a Based in Sandskrit mainly Hindusanti and Pujabi i Languages of Hindus and India ii Share basic words with Eastern India languages 1 Numbers actions and family relationships 5 Roma in America a Emigration began in colonial times b Children homeschooled to avoid outside in uence 6 Culture a High value on extended family i Marry young b Power Structure i The oldest men have the most power ii Women gain respect and authority as they age 1 Young wives gain respect once they have children c Women39s clothing cannot show legs 7 Marime a Romani Purity laws i Lower body is unclean 1 Clothes must be washed separately ii Childbirth 1 Must happen outside the home 2 Woman is impure for 40 days 8 Naming Ritual a Each person has 3 names i First name secret name meant to confuse bad spirits ii Second name Roma name only used by Roma iii Third name name used by Gadjo outsiders 9 Beliefs rhrDonm Del God Beng Satan Bad luck supernatural spiritsghost Good luck charms curses healing amulets Tarot cards palm reading fortunes NO scriptures i These beliefs are combined with the beliefs of another chosen religion Christianity Judaism etc 10Dance a Types i Kathaklndia ii Flamenco Spain iii ChokchekBelly Dancing 110ccupations a b Men i Animal trainers ii Metal workers Women i Palm reading ii Fortune telling iii Tea leaves reading residue iv Crystal ball 1 Uncommon because of required preparation before a reading v Tarot cards vi Gypsy magic 1 Isis God of Magic 2 Only perform on Gadjo not on themselves 12Discrimination rhrDonom Denied housing education citizenship and insurances Segregation Deportation quotSpecial Gypsy Quartersquot in towns Racism Forced evictions and illtreatment by police
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