British Lit - Faerie Queen (The Bower of Bliss)
British Lit - Faerie Queen (The Bower of Bliss) EH 203
Jacksonville State University
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kimberly Burke on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EH 203 at Jacksonville State University taught by Dr. Gates in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Survey of English Literature I in Foreign Language at Jacksonville State University.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
British Lit – The Faerie Queen Book 2, Canto 12 • Characters o Redcrosse – Book 1 hero, wins Una as his bride o Britomart – female knight o Sir Guyon – knight of the Faerie Land, on a quest to destroy the Bower of Bliss § Practicing temperance of ingesting/drinking & sex/lust o Palmer – Guyon’s traveling companion, right hand man/sidekick/guide § Magic staff – made from the same wood as Mercury’s Caduceus o Ferryman – driving the boat o Acrasia – organizer of Bower, must be captured, has men in her Lair o Verdant – Acrasia’s lover, caught in the net with her, man Acrasia is sucking the soul out of o Grille – mad he in transformed from beast form o Genius – stanza 47 o Excess – stanza 57, allegorical o Unnamed maidens/Damzelles – pg.940, stanza 63 • Headnote – pg.775 o Spenser writes just before Shakespeare; his original spelling is preserved § Highly educated, likes to make allusions § Character names are not real characters but the author calls them up as comparisons – example (Stanza 44, pg.395) o Fluid – follow main characters through a journey, navigate new worlds o Characters – briefly name them & introduce them later o Structure – § Stanzas - Spenser constructed his own stanza form – 9 line stanzas § 6 books, 12 cantos per book, 72 total cantos o Book 3 – romance-like • Book 2, Canto 12 – The Bower of Bliss o Bower of Bliss – excess of bodily pleasure going on o Guyon is on his way to face Acrasia & destroy the Bower of Bliss o Traveling for 3 days § 3 day - hear a roar, Palmer takes the wheel to avoid the Gulf of Greediness where ships are swallowed up & the Magnes/the Rock of Vile Reproach, which is a cliff that draws ships to it & crushes them • Allegorical examples of dangers of luxury & indulgence § See Wandering Islands – Ferryman informs Guyon that anyone who steps on the islands will never be able to leave § On one island they see Phaedria – she follows them in her boat & is flirtatious, Palmer sends her away § Hidden Quicksand of Unthriftiness – see a ship full of riches stuck § Whirlpool of Decay § Sea Monsters – Palmer hits the sea with his staff & the monsters flee in fear § Woman crying for help – Guyon wants to go to her, Palmer warns him to not listen b/c she is just tryingto lure them § Mermaids – try to tempt passers by singing to come rest with them, Palmer advises Guyon to ignore them § Finally spot land, thick fog covers the ship, they are attacked by violent birds, remain on course & weather clears § Reach land – Guyon arms himself, he & Palmer go onto the land § Beasts coming toward them – Palmer repels them with his staff § Bower of Bliss – beautiful imitations of nature • Wall surround the bower & a gate decorated with the story of Jason & Madea • Genius – mistaken for good/wise but is actually destruction/falsehood o Entice Guyon to enter, Guyon throws down the Genius’ bowl of wine & breaks his staff § Inside to Bower • Guyon doesn’t let the beauty get to him • Next gate – made of grape branches to tempt visitiors, some grapes are golden • Excess – immodestly dressed lady crushing grapes into a golden goblet o Offers the wine to Guyon but he throws it on the ground & breaks it • Huge fountain – decorated with pictures of young boys playing, 2 naked women in the fountain bathing o Palmer intervenes to stop Guyon from temptation § Center of the Bower • Hear music & follow it to Acrasia • Acrasia has a new lover – she lulled him to sleep & is sucking out his soul • Palmer & Guyon approach her & capture her & her lover in a net the Palmer made for this purpose o Put Acrasia in chains & set lover (Verdant free) o Guyon destroys the Bower of Bliss o Attacked by beasts again – Palmer scares them off § The beasts used to be men but were transformed by Acrasia § Guyon feels bad for them & Palmer uses his staff to change them back • Barely men after the change, some are angry that they were changed & that Acrasia is captive
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