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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danae Sorensen on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FDWLD101-01 at a university taught by Brother Yost in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
3.3 India- Buddhism - Introduced him to earthly luxuries and lept him separate from bustles and evils of everyday life Rejecting Tradition: the Origins of Buddhism - The Gods had a different plan for him - One day, while walking, he saw three sights: a sick - Jainism and Buddhism are the two most well known man, old man, and a dead man. and long lasting religions in South Asia - Became aware of sickness, age, and death - Buddhism had a greater influence and spread beyond - Troubled by these sights he finds a place to meditate South Asia - While meditating, he was visited by a monk and was - Only religion that spread and still has a huge influence told that release from the evils of the world can be today found by leaving society - Essential to understand foundational teaching of - Monk disappears: heavenly messenger - Buddha leaves his family and home and becomes a Buddhism’s in order to better understand history of other religions ascetic - Focus on mainstream traditions of 5 century and on - Lives in the forest and studies Brahmanical Hinduism for 6 years Biography of Buddha - Realizes he is no closer to true release from the evils of samsara when he started - Born with the name Siddhartha Gautama - When the body is pushed to extremes it is impossible - Buddhacartia for the min to properly meditate - life of Buddha - He then bathes and eats a full meal and meditates, - written by Asraghosa intends to until he obtains a full release - 2th century- 500 years after his death - Tempted by the evil god Mara many times - hagiography- idealized biography of a religious figure - Rejects temptation of lust, fear, and desire - Buddha, through series of events, discovered truth of - Sees all of his previous lives - Sees lives of all living beings and becomes aware reality and begins to teach that found truth to the - Siddhartha Gautama awakens to true reality and world - Events of Buddha’s life: becomes Buddha, The Awaken One - Mother conceives after having a dream an elephant - Learns the four noble truths entered her womb Four Noble Truths - 10 months later gave a painless birth though her side rather than the birth canal 1. Life is suffering (dukkha) - After his birth, Buddha walks in 4 directions - He declares that this birth is his last rebirth 2. There is a cause for that suffering (desire caused by - Supernatural and natural phenomena’s occur marking ignorance of true reality) 3. Suffering can be overcome (cessation- nirvana) his presence 4. There is a path that can be followed to overcome that - Omens mark him with future glory as a king or as a suffering (eightfold path) religious teacher that would reveal true Dharma - His father was afraid that if he followed the religious - Dukkha: - suffering path it would break his lineage - unsatisfactory/angst(physical, psychological, and - avoiding improper entertainment such as singing and emotional pain) dancing - The cause of dukkha is the fact that we desire sensory - handling money and emotional pleasures - cutting off all ties to their previous life including - All things in life are bound to change family - Ignorance of reality of our existence: root of desire to - becoming a monk is the ultimate acceptance of hold onto things most dear accepting Buddha - Everything we desire will eventually go away (dukkha) - three jewels of Buddhism: - Nirvana: blow/snuff out - the Buddha - Extinguishing effects of karma - End in three positions: desire, delusion (ignorance), - the Dharma (teachings of the Buddha) and hatred - the Sangha (monastic order) - After the enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, he traveled to - Arhat: worthy one (obtaining enlightenment) deer park near Sarnath (close to modern day - When an individual purifies from 3 positions they have in effect attained a state where karma in “snuffed out” Varanasi/Benares) and all that is left for them in finish burning the rest of - Deer park is where he taught the four noble truths to 5 mendicants that later came his first disciples the karma that they have already achieved in previous - He spent the next 45 years traveling and teaching to lives - When a person achieves this, they are guaranteed to anyone who would hear him before he died at 80 - Things we can learn from this hagiography : escape reincarnation - Portraying traditional Buddha of Vedic and - Eightfold path: Brahmanical Hinduism - right view - right intention - right speech - right action - Participates is traditional rules and rituals - Portrays him in such a way to make him more - right livelihood - right effort acceptable to a broader South Asian world - right mindfulness (memory/awareness) - Rejects some basic ideas common to Vedic - right concentration (meditation) - Buddha rejects the āśramas and the notion that - Through meditation one can break the chains of extreme asceticism can lead to release from saṃsāra. ignorance and gain control of desire and hatred - he was able to find a “middle-path” between the two - One cannot begin the path of meditation without first extremes of hedonism (a life of luxury and pleasure) connecting their actions to a mortal and ethnic code and severe austerities - 5 prohibitions: avoid all lying, stealing, killing, - anatman: no-eternal-self drunkenness, and sexual immortality - the Buddha teaches that there is no atman - Sangha-monastic order to help those who accepted his - letting go of the conceit of an eternal self is the very teaching means by which we become self-less people and are - Joining sangha provides right atmosphere to best able to help others along their own path to progress towards enlightenment enlightenment - a monk is required to follow the 5 prohibitions and also - Buddhism creates additional tension with the religious many other rules such as: and social life of South Asian civilization - not eating after noon - Three parallel paths available to the individual: - Gita acknowledges the need for action in this world as - karma (duty and action) well as the importance of obtaining wisdom through - jnana (wisdom) meditative and ascetic-like practices - bhakti (devotion) - intense ritual devotion, prayers, and offerings to the - Bhagavad-Gita that attempted to merge the various gods (or a particular god) in a practice known as puja. - Puja is designed to create a specific bond between the ideas into a comprehensive solution devotee and deity
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