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Week 3 Online and Class Notes

by: Jordan Rouse

Week 3 Online and Class Notes HIS 121

Marketplace > University of Kentucky > History > HIS 121 > Week 3 Online and Class Notes
Jordan Rouse

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About this Document

Describes what a total war is and why WWI is known as a total war
United States History 1914-1945
Lacey Sparks
Class Notes
Total War, WWI, history, week 3
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Rouse on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 121 at University of Kentucky taught by Lacey Sparks in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see United States History 1914-1945 in History at University of Kentucky.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
Week 3: The First Total War Definition of Total War 1. Existential Conflict (objectives override all values) 2. Engage all members of society 3. Mobilization of all resources (money, equipment) 4. Little distinction between civilians and combatants causing massacre 5. Involves all major countries in a region 6. Exceptional damage Examples of Total Wars th th  Wars of Religion 16 -17 century  30 years War  Napoleonic Wars 1799-1815  French Revolution 1793  Total Guerrilla War (French vs. Spanish civillians)  Taiping Revellion in China  American Civil War WWI recognized as first Total War 1. Entire world affected except for South and Ventral America and Greenland 2. Involved whole population (crowds cheering, women support) a. Social groups join war – professors b. Scientists played role: Fritz Haber(German) invented poison gas c. Women and children maintain production 3. Mobilization of all resources a. Car companies make tanks b. Textile made uniforms c. Farmers contribute animals and crops to troops d. Government had control 4. Warfare override values a. Religious blessings- put away “thou shalt not kill” for better purpose 5. Targeting civilians and soldiers a. Brutalization- physical destruction of non-military targets b. Self-mobilization- penalties for those who didn’t support war Bethjann-Hollweg speech- German warning that German government authorities any military action that they felt would be successful  Germans burn Louvian University 1914  Germans destroy Rheims Cathedral 1914 in France  Zeppelin bombing Warsaw, Poland, first of Aerial Bombing  Civilian refugees  British blockade to cut off food supplies to Germany o Purpose was to create so much civilian discontent o Cause German to submarine warfare o Famous sinking of Lusitania 1915 (civilian ship containing Americans) o Caused so much complaint, Germans called off submarine campaign o Resulted bringing in U.S. against them 1917 o British more effective overall  Brutalization: dehumanizing enemy and justifying brutality  German propaganda denouncing Allies use of non-white troops Class Notes  Women replaced men in farmwork  Children have more household responsibilities  Professors using academics explaining why war is beneficial  War is for holy cause  British passed Realm Act  Higher demand of food causing prices to rise  Limits on amount of food  British gas masks: ugly/effective French: elegant/innefective Reading gets to go home gets a dog to train as mailman Lieutenants and Captain die New censors


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