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US History Week 5 Notes

by: Kenzie Busick

US History Week 5 Notes History 151

Marketplace > Colorado State University > History > History 151 > US History Week 5 Notes
Kenzie Busick
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

The age of progressivism and how America began to build an empire.
Clara Keyt
Class Notes
Progressivism, America, Overseas empire, US History
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kenzie Busick on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 151 at Colorado State University taught by Clara Keyt in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 141 views. For similar materials see 151 in History at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
History Week 5 Notes 02/15/2016 ▯ Progressivism  Period of great reformation  Rural and urban areas had different views on alcoholism  Carrie Nation- would burst into saloons and start swinging with her hatchet  18 amendment comes along-> but half of the nation already had liquor laws st  1 state to enact prohibition: Kansas o Starts in the rural west  3 reasons for getting rid of prostitution 1. The changing status of women  Becoming more independent- begin to have more economic independence from men  Associated with the decline of the “traditional family” 2. spread of STDS 3. increase in crime and uncontrolled prostitution  emergence of pimps  Elkins Man Act (control prostitutes to be moved across state lines)  Jane Adams and Ellen Gates Starr o Want to give women the right to vote o Voting block is increased in the West rather than the East o Only men were given the right to vote o These women opened settlement houses  Buy houses and invite women to learn about job skills in an industrial environment rather than a farming environment (about 2,000 women a week they helped)  Margaret Sanger o Came up with “birth control” o Suggests that sex and reproduction are two different things o Opens New York birth control clinics o Charged with anti-obscenity and Anti-American talk  Convicted in 1917  Gets sentenced to 30 days in a work house o Birth control  Condoms were the only form of birth control  Men viewed condoms as a threat to their masculinity o Comstock laws (1873)  Illegal to distribute obscene information such as birth control, selling condoms, lingerie, or information how to not get pregnant o 1918 laws are made that only doctors can prescribe contraception  need soldiers without STDs o Sanger starts the 1921 American Birth Control League (predecessor to Planned Parenthood)  Significance of the Contraceptive Movement o Improve physical health of women/kids o Decreased poverty o Equalizer between genders o Improved quality of life for families ▯ Colleges  Focuses on industrial training  Historically Black Colleges o Established before Civil rights act o Serving young black students o Shaw University o Alcorn College – first land grant college  American Missionary Association o Works with black progressives in the South and establishes black colleges by WWI ▯ Atlanta compromise  Booker T. Washington  Coexist together but live different lives  Rise of Jim Crowe laws  The “system” itself is the problem ▯ Water and Infrastructure  Incipience (pre-1890s) o Local skill  Settlers had their own skills to get water/ local knowledge of the land o Individual/business capital  Florescence (1890-1930s) o Federal government capital and engineering  Water becomes the new frontier  William Symthe o Fascinated with using energy to control water o Believes money can be made in harnessing water o Wrote the conquest of Arid America (how western states can irrigate their lands)  Nation reclamation act o A federal law that funds irrigation projects  Era of empire (1930s-present) o Public-private partnership ▯ National Reclamation act & Bureau of Reclamation  Agri-business: new businesses is agricultural o Hire Japanese laborers o Yellow Peril; perceived threat of expansion by Asian immigrants (xenophobia- fear of that which is foreign)  Gentlemen’s agreement o Stop harassing Japanese if they stop coming  Alien Land Act o Can only lease land for 3 years is you are of Asian ancestry  Yellow Peril accomplishes… o State and federal laws o Gives approval to extra legal activities operating outside the law (KKK) o Informal agreements between police, judges, etc between the out-group and the vigilante behavior ▯ Building an Oversees Empire  America becomes a super power economically rather than militarily  Economic Imperialism  Spanish-American war o America’s Splendid Little War (only 10 weeks long) o Won because of industrialization  Develops the Great White Fleet; ships go around the world  Open-Door policy with China o Economically  Wants China to only trade with America (our most favored nation) o Open-Door Policy- 8 countries will mediate their economic interests (but didn’t ask China) o Boxer rebellion- get all foreign influences out of China  Queen of Hawaii o Roosevelt sends the US Navy to attack Hawaii and forces the Queen to resign her thrown o 1898 Hawaii becomes a territory of the US o economy was based on the sugar plantations  Teller Amendment o A promise not to take over a country with The Great White Fleet unless “we want to”  Roosevelt Corollary  Alaska-Seward’s Folly o Secretary of state William Seward purchases Alaska o People thought this was a huge waste of money  Panama Canal o 4. 5.


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