Infancy chapter 5
Infancy chapter 5 Psyc3260
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caoimhe Notetaker on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc3260 at Tulane University taught by Dr. Bourgeois in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Infancy in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Infancy 02/22/2016 ▯ Chapter 5: the first 2 months ▯ Infants states are relatively stable behavioral processes o Once infants enter a particular state they are likely to remain for 15mins- several hours Sleep o 32 weeks: REM and Non REM o 38 weeks: REM and Non REM and Periodic and drowsiness o Newborns sleep on average 16-17 hours per day (14-15 by 2 weeks) Sleep periods last 2-10 hours Waking hours divided into 3 hours in quiet alter 2 active alert 2-3 hour crying o Transitional sleeping (less likely to sleep through the night) are more likely to be.. Boys Rated as difficult Likely to have a depressed mother o Infant sleep difficulty is associated with later self control and 18 months o Research indicates that infants can be trained to sleep through the night o No long term risks or benefits from co-sleeping Two modes of response: orienting (towards stimulus) and defensive (away from stimulus) o Moderate stimulation= orienting o Intense/ sharp stimulation= defensive Hold babies on left side because people perceive emotion better through left ear/eye (connected to right hemisphere) crying o Infants have different types of cries 4 phases- length of each phase determines type of cry expiratory (exhale), rest, inspiratory (inhale), rest o normally developing babies increase crying between birth and 2 months (especially late afternoon/ evening) than decrease o Colic: crying for at least 3 hours per day for at least 3 days per week Intense crying Otherwise normal Unresponsive to soothing and feeding Non begin—even though all infants end colicky period around 6 months, colic infants are more inattentive, heightened sensitivity to touch, food and other stimulation o For normally developing infants crying brings adults closer to them o Ways to sooth crying baby Sucking on pacifier, swaddling, massage, rocking, sound Newborn reflexes are extremely important for orienting the infant and protecting the infant Asynchronous Growth- different body regions grow faster and at different times Sucking: burst-pause pattern Arms/hands are among the least controlled body parts Ecological perception: relies on direct perception through the senses; not mediated by thought Visual world of the infants o Focused on near environment Blurry but can see color o Oculomotor skills: eye movement that bring objects into focus o Newborns can detect differences between visual images Prefer clearly marked edges and circular patterns Prefer to listen to an adult sing an infant-direct song Can recognize mothers voice Can detect patterns of rhythm and pitch The ability to think conceptual develops during 2 nd year of life Newborns CAN learn o CC o OC o Habituate o Can imitate; match expressions May be a way of relating to people nd Self- awareness (late fetal-2 month)= emergent self We cannot know for certain WHAT infants feel but we do know that they DO feel o Facial expressions Partly relies on adult interpretation Mothers can recognize babies by touching their heads/ faces Breast feeding for over 6 months decreases likelihood of developing childhood cancers Exclusive breast feeding is ideal and sufficient to support optimal growth and development for first 6 months o Recommended it continue for at least 12 months o While Breastfeeding—moderate consumption o caffeine and alcohol ▯ ▯
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