Class Note for MUSC 309 with Professor Schwartz at KU (6)
Class Note for MUSC 309 with Professor Schwartz at KU (6)
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at Kansas taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
MUSC 309 Lecture 19 SingerSongwriters of the 1970s I Folk rock redoux A CSNY l Supergroup together from early l969late 1970 a in uence far greater than suggested by duration of band b Not only for the personalities involved c But harmonies sound as well 2 Coming together of personalities from two prominent West Coast bands a Stephen Stills Neil Young 7 Buffalo Spring eld i Acidcountry rockfolk orientation ii Similar to the Byrds but more folkly iii Ex For What It s Worth aa What aspects are folk bb What is something else iv Core of CSNY sound b David Crosby from the Byrds c Plus Graham Nash of the Hollies 7 British Invasion band 3 Crosby Stills and Nash came together in 1968 a Relaxed folk character to songs b Very tight harmonically c But something missing 7high harmonies d Asked Young tojoin 4 All four songwriters so output of varied character a Especially on album Deja Vu b Example Teach Graham Nash i Country in uence 7 pedal steel guitar sound played by Jerry Garica ii two part harmonies on verses iii Break into four part harmony for refrain aa High close bb Both Young and Crosby singing composite harmony lines iv Second verse 7 lead vocals close Everly Brothers ha1monies v Not quite end weighting but does provide contrast aa Musical parallel to lyrics bb Teach your childem 7 teach your parents c Example Ohio Neil Young i Lyrics about Kent State massacre 1970 aa Student protest over the war in Vietnam bb National Guard sent in to restore peace cc Shot and killed four students dd Neil Young wrote in about a day ii Riffbased 7 takes on almost martial feel iii Distortion on lead electric guitar iv No harmony at beginning 7 signi cant V Harmonies on chorus particularly close 7 adds to tension 5 Harmonies are the most characteristic trait of CSNY a Different and new sound to rock b Compare harmonies on Helplessly Hoping and Catch a Wave by the Beach Boys i Difference ii Beach Boys harmony is much wider 7 larger range covered B Simon and Garfunkel 1 Another distinctive harmony sound 2 HeaVily in uenced by Everly Brothers as a duet a Mentioned hit Hey Schoolgirl as Tom and Jerry in 1957 b Split up for college reunited in 1962 3 Simon associated with both Brill Building crowd and NY folk scene a Colors songs of Simon and Garfunkel b As well as solo work by Simon 3 Acoustic Folk album released in 1962 doesn t go much of anywhere 4 Reissued with studio production rock band backup 7 Sounds of Silence a Dark imagery b But framed as lyrical folk in uenced pop song i Long melodic line ii Grows from short idea introduced at beginning iii Tells a story c Strophic form i With added feature ii Hook sound of silence that acts as something of a refrain d Modal harmony e Close harmonies i Much of the time in 5ths or 3rds ii But Garfunkel constructs composite part 5 Fairly typical of sound a The Boxer more complicated but contains most of the same characteristics b Wider palate of instrumental color i Jaw s Harp ii bodhran Celtic drum iii Trumpet sound on keyboard c Thicker texture depending on recording of Sounds d More complex modal harmonies e Fa la la refrain f Somewhat endweighted but more a series of curves that are thicker textured later in the song 11 Singersongwriters A One of largest new trends of 1970s was popularity of singersongwriters l Musician who writes and performs own material 2 Usually as solo act 3 Not oriented toward mainstream B Can be considered latterday folk rock performers 1 In early 70s artists in uenced by wider combo of in uences blues jazz pop 2 most moving farther from folk roots of groupsartists like Byrds Dylan 3 Or secondgeneration Brill Building C Covers wide variety of styles but have in common 1 Generally introspective selforiented lyrics 2 Singer instrumentalists usually on acoustic guitar or piano 3 Almost no studio production 4 Contrast to hard rock blackin uenced styles and mainstream rock D Trend toward this type of music starts with James Taylor 1948 1 Started in NY coffeehouses soft folk rock style with touches of country in uence 2 Signed to Apple Records in 1968 a Label started by Beatles in 1967 b As well as own records wanted to encourage and establish new talent c JT their first musical discovery 3 First successful album 7 Sweet Baby James 1970 a Most of the songs written while recovering from heroin addiction b Very painful introspective lyrics c Sold scads ofrecords 4 EX Fire and Rain a Folk rock orientation evident b Lyrical content personal but more akin to popular Motown styles c Acoustic guitar from Taylor d But record includes backing from rock band fair amount of studio production i Buzzing drone from bass ii Heavy drums iii Piano e Endweighted E Carole King 1 Brillbuilding songwriter a With thenhusband Jerry Goffrn b Hits for Everyly Brothers Herman s Hermits the Animals Blood Sweat and Tears Monkees Aretha Franklin Byrds 2 Records album of own material in late 60s 3 2quotd album Tapestry 1971 a I Feel the Earth Move It s Too Late You ve Got a Friend You Make Me Feel Like a Natural Woman b Huge seller i 300 odd weeks on the charts ii Best selling pop album to that date 4 Obviously considering background heavily pop in uenced piano oriented F Joni Mitchell Roberta Joan Anderson 1943 1 Began career as folk singer 2 Distinctive breathy recitatational lyric style 3 Sophisticated yet personal lyrics 4 Clear jazz in uences on vocal style especially in mid 70s G Van Morrison 1 Irish musician 2 Starts playing in skif e band when 11 3 Becomes lead singer for Them the rst Irish rock band a Several big hits 19651966 b Including Gloria 4 Moves to US starts solo career in 1966 5 Astral Weeks rst important a Heavily in uenced by jazz b As is most popular Morrison album Moondance 1970 6 Listen to Cypress Avenue on own H Neil Young 1 Discussed as part of CSNY 2 But tremendously important as solo artists a Long career encompassing myriad of styles i Rockabilly ii Country rock iii RampB iv Pop b Godfather of Grunge 7 and arguably contributor to number of other styles including punk rock 3 Songs typically dark poetic lyrics a Heavily in uenced by Bob Dylan b Storytelling songs but also impressions 7 often obscure c Hardedged d Frequent guitar breaks 4 The Loner 7 from rst solo album 1969 a Intro 7 acoustic guitar keyboard b Verse 7 complete change of sound and texture i Heavy bass and guitar ii Highly distorted buzzy guitar iii Every phrase completed by 2 bar break for guitar c Bridge 7 again total change i Sweeping strings on keyboard ii Heavy drumming iii Buzzing sound of guitar very exposed d Hook as refrain acapella e More rhythmic version of intro returns f Verse bridge hook as above g Leads into contrasting instrumental section i Strings and bass in counterpoint ii Short guitar solo h Final verse i Interlude returns with some additional touches of strings j Good deal of studio production but used in a really interesting way k This song in uence on number of songs groups of the early 1970s Ohio Tin soldiers and Nixon39s coming we39re finally on our own This summer I hear the drumming four dead in Ohio Gotta get down to it soldiers are cutting us down Should have been done long ago What if you knew her and found her dead on the ground How can you run when you know
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