Global Geography Notes Week 6
Global Geography Notes Week 6 GEOG 1010 - 003
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GEOG 1010 - 003
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Bixler on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 - 003 at Auburn University taught by Daniel A McGowin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Global Geography Week 6 February 16, 2016 5 largest countries by population 1-China 2-India 3- US 4-Indonesia 5-Brazil South Asia Physical Geography- South Asia has been well protected because of the mountains. They have little outside influence. The Himalayas- Tallest Mountains in the world. The Himalayas are a physical barrier between South Asia and North East Asia. The mountains are a moderator of climate. They block the cold dry air-Tibetan plateau is very cold and dry. Mount Everest is the tallest mountain Hindu Kush and Karakoram- create a boundary between South Asia and central Asia. K2 a more dangerous mountain than Mount Everest. Had no local name because it was too difficult to get to. Indus River- located In Pakistan. India got its name from it. Important to agriculture. One of the first places people settled in south Asia. Ganges River- most of the population in India is focused around here. Seen as a sacred river. Bangladesh- relies on Brahmaputra River. Like Iowa in size. Like Louisiana in terms of geography. Flooding- all the nutrients from the Himalayas end up in Bangladesh. But especially during snow melt flooding is a problem. High and low pressure areas- high pressure during the winter and low pressure during the summer. This causes Monsoons Monsoon- a seasonal wind. High and pressure areas spin in different directions. During the summer wet monsoons occur and bring rain- come off the ocean. Dry monsoons come from the continent. Pollution- raw sewage can spew into the streets and into the rivers. India has some of the most polluted rivers in the world. Population- Bangladesh- very high population density. People have a lot of kids Malthusian Theory- Rev. Thomas Malthus- An essay on the Principles of Population (1798) . This theory looked at the growth rate of resources (grow arithmetically) while population grows geometrically. Eventually there are too many people for the amount of resources available. How to avoid catastrophe- delay marriage, have fewer kids. Criticism- Malthus was a product of his time. Lifestyles changed when occupation started to change due to the industrial revolution. World grain production kept up with population. Neo- Malthusian- oil is what we need to worry about- once oil production goes down so will food production- this will cause disaster. It’s not about how much food we have it’s about where it is- what South Asia is doing- family planning- using contraceptives. The green revolution- making sure the country is making enough food for the population- engineers created ways to make the plants grow shorter so that they yield more food. Lack of urbanization- a lot of people live in the sticks but the cities are still overcrowded. Wildlife vs Human life- tiger attacks are not uncommon. Elephants can get hit by trains. Monkeys attack people. February 18, 2016 Deforestation- like Haiti India is a poor country where people have cut down a large amount of trees. Large corporations have come in and cut down large amounts of lumber. Women and children hugged trees in order to stop deforestation and it worked Bhopal Gas tragedy- pipes were not kept well and the leakage got out and affected the community. Most deaths due to a gas leak in history Cultural Geography- Early settlers came through the low lands near the coast into the Indus River Valley. Water is a great place to grow a civilization Caste System- (Vaishyas through Brhmins are the twice born groups) Brahmins- Priests Khsatiyas- warriors, princely- historically the most powerful Vaishyas- merchants, landowners, artisans- skill of some sort Sudras- servants- most of the population Untouchables-Outside the caste system- below humans. Unclean. Most discriminated against. As of today the caste system is illegal. Socially the caste still exists. Resevation- like affirmative action in the US- more people from the lower castes are being accepted to universities. Still shows a sterotype towards lower castes. Sikhism- Mostly found in one state in India- Punjab. Still is the fifth largest religion in the world. Known as a Universalizing religion- go out and try to seek convert. Influenced some by Islam and Hinduism. Wear turbans and hair tied up with beards. Young Sikhs carry a sword. Jainism-Respect for all living things. Wear masks so they don’t accidentally breath in and swallow a bug. Eat fruits and vegetables in a way that does not kill the whole plant. 7/8 th largest religion. Hinduism- 3 largest religion- Ethnic religion- Mostly South Asian. 90% of people practicing live in South Asia. Likely the oldest religion in the world. There is not one unifying philosophy. It is so difficult to define because it is a collection of ancient Indian religions. Has a deity system- Brahma is the supreme creator but not the most followed deity. Vishnu-maintains the world. Shiva- the destroyer- These 3 balance the world. Yogas- different paths of life of Hinduism Path of knowledge, path of renunciation, devotion, action-karma Thugs-people who follow a particular deity- they follow Kali. Kali killed Shiva. People thought they were following Kali by robbing and killing people. Hinduism and Mt. Kailas- The holiest place in Hinduism- the earthly home of Shiva. Mt. Kailas is off limits. No one has ever climbed it. Ganges River is sourced from this mountain- this is why the river is considered sacred. People bathe in it to cleanse themselves of their sins. Contact with Islam- Vijayanagara and Mughal. The Mughal (muslim) had over reached and the Maratha pushed back. This is why Hinduism is in India. Languages- Hindi- Indo- European. Federal languages- Hindi and English. However each state decides its own languages. Treatment of Women- rape culture. Women are second-class citizens. India is a rare case where men outlive women Socialist reform- Sri Lanka- universal education and inexpensive health care. Kerala state- dominated by socialist parties- well educated despite being poor. Socialism- prosperity- west Bengal- socialist but not successful- Tamil Nadu- successful reform, not socialist. North South divide- the south looks down at the north as the south is better educated and has better healthcare. Silicon Plateau- technology has helped the south. Focal point of a lot of investment in order to promote high tech industries. Political Geography- The British were the sole colonizers of South Asia (for the most part). They tried to operate this region as one whole region. Post WWII Partitioning- the dividing up of territory.
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