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week 5 notes

by: Becca Hanel

week 5 notes COMM 1210100-127:Perspectives on Human Communication

Becca Hanel
GPA 3.8

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notes covering lecture from 2/8 - 2/10
COMM 1210100-127:Perspectives on Human Communication
dr. ruth hickerson
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Becca Hanel on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 1210100-127:Perspectives on Human Communication at University of Colorado taught by dr. ruth hickerson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see COMM 1210100-127:Perspectives on Human Communication in Art at University of Colorado.

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Date Created: 02/22/16
Week 5 notes 2/10/2016 > attachment theory overview: early relationships affect subsequent relationships ­ general patterns and consistency of care and love between a caregiver and a child impact the  way that the child thinks about intimacy and interacts within the world. ­ there care giving practices form patterns of attachment  ­ can influence us throughout our lifetimes as we interact with others ­ including friends and romantic partners > Infant attachment styles  Attachment theory suggests that one of three types of bonds can be established between  infants and caregivers. ­ the first is secure (produced by a responsive caregiver and results in a confident child who  explores the world ­ anxious­ambivalent (produced by inconsistent care from a caregiver and results in temperamental infant) → infant cannot anticipate whether or not they will get cared for ­ avoidant (produced by an undemonstrative and unresponsive caregiver and results in an undemonstrative and unresponsive infant). → child sees a world in that their needs will never get met >Adult attachment styles Attachment theory has been expanded to suggest that these styles of interaction between a  caregiver and an infant impact a wide variety of future attachments with peers and romantic  partners.  The adult attachment styles include: ­ secure: the individual is comfortable with both autonomy and intimacy development with other → sees a world where their needs will be met in their relationships ­ preoccupied: the individual is very concerned and worried about the development of intimacy with other individuals throughout life→ worried whether they will meet people they can rely on or not ­ dismissive: the individual dismisses the role of intimacy development with others→ don't find intimacy important and confused about people who do ­ fearful: individual fears that developing intimacy with other people may ultimately be too high risk→ afraid to get close to people (even if they want intimacy) > Attachment anxiety and avoidance further research (Brennan) suggested that there are two influential dimensions with respect to  adult attachment patterns  1. attachment­related anxiety ­ people who score high on this variable tend to worry about whether their partner is available,  responsive, attentive etc. ­ people who score low are more secure in the perceived responsiveness of their partners.       2. attachment­related avoidance ­ people who score high on this dimension prefer not to rely on others or open up to others ­ people who score low are more comfortable being intimate with others and are more secure  depending upon and having others depend upon them.   *A prototypical secure adult is low in both  dimensions    > Attachment ­ attachment theory is one of the most frequently utilized theories today that helps in  understanding people’s variations in communication and the way they either approach or avoid  intimacy development with others throughout life.  > Culture and attachment ­ research suggests that the strength a child places in their parental attachment bonds varies  from culture to culture  > Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) ­ RAD is one of the few psychological disorders that can be applied to infants ­ it was first mentioned in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental  Disorders (DSM­III) ­ children affected by RAD exhibit an inability to form normal relationships with other people as  well as impaired social development and sociopathic behaviors due to absence of secure  attachment formation early in life ­ the disorder may be caused by pathogenic care during infancy, including abuse and/or neglect,  or it may be caused by frequent changes in a primary caregiver, as is often the case with  children raised in institutions or foster care  > Communication and attachment   ­ research also suggests that communication may be a catalyst for changing attachment styles  and that the type of attachment you develop with a parent may be adapted as more negative or  positive others interact with you   ­ as we age and experience subsequent relationship, we are able to develop new models for care and intimacy              


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