History 101B Notes
History 101B Notes
Popular in History of World Civ II
Popular in History
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tatyana Mims on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Wiesen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 177 views. For similar materials see History of World Civ II in History at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Russia and the West I. Introduction II. Rise & Expansion of Russia III. Contacts with the West IV. Peter the Great (1682-1725) V. Catherine the Great (1762-1796) VI. Rural Life Keyterms: Tsars Boyars Cossacks Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) Serfs Pugachev’s Rebellion (1773-1774) Introductions Most country is in Asia Multi- ethnic empire Russia can take over territory quickly but hard to handle it Rise & Expansion Began around Kia o Destroyed by invaders Expands moving east o Much of Asia being occupied by Russia (1700) Ruled up until collapse of last dynasty by Tsar o Like the shia, emperor in dynastys o Undemocratic dynasty o Made law in every respect o Little room for consel Tsar o Ruled through nobles (boyars) Entrusted with the ability to carry out the laws Very wealthy 1% not poor Supervises church (clergy) Majority of Russia is dirt poor though Largest church (Eastern Orthodox) Contacts with the West Borrowing technology from the west o Slowly but surely o Fur trades Tsars o Ivan the terrible Freightning Responsible for much of the expansion Brutal and mentally ill Scare & torcher people Took his 15 year old son to watch torcher Switch lovers with his son Killed his own son Made his daughter in law have miscarriage from hitting Struck son in head which caused death o Wrong with system of nobility Attacked boyars and reduced their power Peter the Great 6ft 9 in tall Falls under Ivan Enjoyed low forms of humor o Cruel jokes o Roastings o Burping contests Show up at homes singing cruel carols Hire bears to serve alcohol at his parties Took in massive food and drinks o Musket practice Shoot off rockets o Landed on a boy and killed him Bodies of hungover people in his gardens Travelled several times to the west o Formularize with west o Westernize his backwards country o Study tours o Dressed as a middle classman and travel with clowns, bears, freak shows o Did lots of damage in an English Palace Moscow o Killing with axes o Hanging on beams to die Gains knowledge of technology Catherine the Great (Wednesday) German and married a Russian All the power Rural Life Small merchants Serfs o Worked the lands o Similar to slavery in a way o Hereditary o Worked on property that produced grain for the west Pugachev Rebellion o Against Catherine the Great o Drawn with organs put on display Last of great masses Russia abolished serf before America abolished slavery 1861- serfs given freedom Mighty military force Revolution in Ideas & Action I. The Enlightenment II. Encyclopedia, Cafes & Salons III. The American Revolution IV. The French Revolution V. Conservatism Key Terms Popular sovereignty Laissez faire (“hands off”) Diderot’s Encyclopedia (1751-1780) Thomas Jefferson- Declaration of Independence (1776) Declaration of the Rights of Man (1789) Bastille “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” Reign of Terror (1793-94) Napoleon (1799-1815) Edmund Burke The Enlightenment Key Tenets o Reason & rationality Rationality in education, culture, social relations, and politics (popular sovereignty) o Individual liberty Liberty in personal life, political life, economic life (lassie faire) What did Enlightenment philosophers stand for? o State education, not local or through parents o Penitentiary instead of corporal punishment o Public programs in medicine o Erasure of local customs, which are seen as dividing the people Encyclopedia, Cafes & Salons Encyclopedia o 28 volumes (1722) o 166 volumes ( 1832) o Banned at first Free thought By church Cafes o Coffee came from the Caribbean’s o Wealthy men Salons o Talk about ideas o Run by women of wealth o Men and some women visit The American Revolution 1775 Embodies the challenge of absolute rule Younger men seeking opportunities went against older Thomas Jefferson o Declaration of Independence Basic human or natural rights o Bi-racial children with his partner not wife o Owned slaves Politic revolution The French Revolution Starting over; utopia 3 classes o Clergy Had all the power o Military Had all the power o Everything from poor people to middle class 1789 o Totally broke o King Louis XVI “Liberty Equality Fraternity” o Storm great fort o Kills people Cut off heads o The people have a voice o King can either call soldiers against people o Birth of constitutional monarchy o Church privilege is attacked o Male rights o Bastille Foreign armies want to get involved o Reign of Terror King is put to death Beheaded Metric system introduced Freedom trees o Napoleon Both military & he could rule the country Leader of French government Crowned himself emperor Remakes society in enlightenment lines o Edmund Burke Irish English man Watches the destruction Become the foundation Father of conservatism Conservatism Change can happen; nothing wrong with change You cannot just over through Christianity o Example: Bringing about the reign of terror Conserve what is good, throw out the rest
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