History Exam Notes
History Exam Notes AMST 100-01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Briana Notetaker on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMST 100-01 at La Salle University taught by Francis J Ryan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Intro to American Studies in History at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Jamestown, VA 21 men on the first supply ship; First 2 women and non-English Europeans came over for the first time in history on the second supply ship Starvation Period – Food was scarce in the colony due to Powhawtan cutting off food supply and Native Americans wanting to kill all English men, leaving people to resort to eating leather as well as dead bodies Chris Newport - Joined the V.A. Company and was quickly promoted to Admiral Established Jamestown; Peaceful negotiations and repeated supply voyages allowed survival of the settlement Commanded the Susan Constant and the Sea Venture John Smith - Responsible for saving Jamestown and bringing discipline with his leadership, military experience, determination, and negotiation with Powhawtan and the Indians Had been saved on different occasions by Pocahontas and her father adopted Smith into Indian culture Enforced the rule of everyone working for the common good or facing consequences He became too aggressive using threats and sometimes force to get corn which bothered the Indians, Powhawtan, and the V.A. Company so he started forming a myriad of enemies Pressure from enemies and a gunpowder explosion caused him to step down and go back to England Plymouth, MA William Bradford - Started the Plymouth Colony A signatory to the Mayflower Compact and got others to sign in order to establish that people would agree to abide by the laws of the community when they got off the ship because they were in an area that wouldn’t guarantee protection of the crown Bradford and the pilgrims lived in Dutch territory until they feared assimilation of the Dutch culture and set out on a voyage to North America Helped draft the colony’s legal code Salem/Boston John Winthrop – Puritan elder that led two ships (with 700 puritans, livestock, etc.) 1 governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded Boston Emphasis on living by the community; passed a law stating it was illegal to live by yourself Opposed separatist strongly Anne Hutchison – Outspoken separatist Stressed individual relationships with God Held weekly meetings to educate anyone seeking knowledge about God including women She was tried for bashing ministers and banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, she refused to recant and was tried again only to be formally excommunicated Settled in Rhode Island and her baby was a stillborn; after her husband’s death her and her kids moved the New York and all got murdered by Indians except the red head child Rhode Island Roger Williams – Founder of Rhode Island Spoke on separation of church court and civil court because the church courts were trying people for matters that belonged to civil courts Strong believer in religious freedom Pennsylvania William Penn – English Quaker leader Classical education at grammar school, grew a hunger for religious involvement in France, studied in London to become more of a gentleman and create social contacts His frame of gov’t was set up to benefit the whole country and avoid giving himself and his successors no power of doing mischief; rights were safeguarded as well as freedom of worship Worked with Thomas Holme to decide how to construct the city Offered the best land on the Scroogle and Delaware river to first purchasers and wanted everyone to have a large area behind their home John Locke – Laid much of ground work for the Enlightenment and contributions to the development of liberalism Influenced Penn as well as our founding fathers because of the Theory of Natural Rights (rights given by God and people are born free) Others – Algernon Sydney - • Wrote articles against an absolute monarchy; Claimed regular people had a God given duty to share in government. • Execute by King Charles 2nd because of an unproven allegation of trying to overthrow the government Charles Willson Peale – • Joins the Sons of Liberty • Becomes a painter and goes to England to study with Benjamin West (1767) • Bought a house on 3rd and Lombard street and turns his house into a museum; puts his paintings on display as well as plants and animals of PA; taxidermist; also wanted to display different things from around the world • Opens museum on 2nd floor of Independence Hall in Center City, Philadelphia ; focused in on showing things that have been produced in the colonies (mainly in PA colonies) ex: lace, as well as agriculture ex: plants and food things, lastly commerce; Puts emphasis on pride in U.S.A and showing we’re different from the British and don’t need them • Rational Entertainment/ Rational Amusement – Peale claims that his museums will teach you something while you are being entertained; First museum to have this system and was the basis for all museums • He wanted everyone there (African American slaved and not slaved, whites, women and men) and had a sign in log so he could keep track of the classes by signature The American Enlightenment – Emphasizes logic, reason, science, and technology in a period of intellectual advancement in England’s colonies. Through those devices it tried to improve the quality of life. Emphasis on liberty, a republican form of government and religious tolerance. • 1776 – Dec. of Independence • 1787- Constitution
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