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Male and Female Reproductive System

by: Faiqa Rahman

Male and Female Reproductive System BIOL 2350

Marketplace > University of Texas at Dallas > Biology > BIOL 2350 > Male and Female Reproductive System
Faiqa Rahman

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About this Document

The basics structures to the male and female reproductive system.
Biological Basis for Health and Disease
Dr. Ilya Sapozhnikov
Class Notes
male, female, Reproductive, structures, functions
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Faiqa Rahman on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 2350 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Ilya Sapozhnikov in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Biological Basis for Health and Disease in Biology at University of Texas at Dallas.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
BBHD  02/15/2016     Male  Reproductive  System     Gonads:  testes   Testis:  produces  sperm;  testosterone  and  inhibin   Scrotum:  keeps  the  testes  at  the  proper  temperature   Epididymis:  site  of  sperm  maturation  and  storage   Ductus  deferens:  duct  for  sperm  maturation  storage  and  transport   Ejaculatory  duct:  duct  for  transporting  sperm  and  glandular  secretions   Accessory  glands:   Seminal  vesicle:  secretes  fructose  and  most  of  the  seminal  fluid   Prostate  gland:  secretes  watery  alkaline  fluid  to  raise  vaginal  pH   Bulbourethral  gland:  secretes  lubricating  mucus       Offspring  has  equal  representation  of  both  mother  and  father  genes.   After  meiosis  1  the  secondary  spermatocytes  are  produced   After  meiosis  2  early  spermatids-­‐>late  spermatids-­‐>  spermatozoa     The  whip-­‐like  movements  of  the  tail  propel  the  sperm   Midpiece  contains  mitochondria  that  will  provide  metabolic  energy  to  fuel  he  trip  to   the  egg   The  head  contains  the  father’s  chromosomes,  his  genetic  contribution  to  the  next   generation   The  acrosome  a  sac  that  covers  the  head  of  the  sperm  contains  enzymes  that  will   assist  in  fertilization   Sperm  moves  2-­‐3  mm  per  minute.   Gonadotropic  regulating  or  releasing  hormone:  GnRH   Go  to  anterior  pituitary  gland  releases  FSH  or  LH     LH  to  interstitial  cells  which  releases  testosterone  to  target  tissues   FSH  to  target  tissues  to  sustentacular  cell     Female  Reproductive  System:   The  female  inner  genitalia  is  not  set  in  stone  like  the  males,  they  are  flexible.   Vesicouterine:  pouch  between  uterus  and  bladder   Rectouterine:  space  between  uterus  and  rectum   PID:  pelvic  inflammatory  disease  lumen  of  the  oviduct  more  narrow.  Unknown   causes   Ectopic:  out  of  place;  tubule  pregnancy   Gonads:  ovaries   Mitotic  divisions  begins  and  ends  in  uterus   Oocyte  contained  in  follicle   By  the  time  of  puberty  girl  has  400,000  potential  eggs       Exam  #2  has  been  moved  to  February  29   th   Oogenesis:  stem  cell+mitosis=primary  oocyte.   • Primary  oocyte+growth=  primary  oocyte  arrested  in  prophase  I  present  at   birth.   • Each  month  from  puberty  to  menopause:  (Menses)primary  oocyte  +  meiosis   I=  first  polar  body  and  secondary  oocyte   • First  polar  body+  meiosis  II=  more  polar  bodies  that  degenerate   • Each  month  from  puberty  to  menopause:  (fertilization)  primary  oocyte  +   meiosis  I=  secondary  oocyte  and  first  polar  body   • Secondary  oocyte+  ovulation=  meiosis  II  completed  only  if  sperm   penetrates=  second  polar  body  and  ovum.   Progesterone:  for  pregnancy.  Hormone  that  helps  pregnancy  produced  by  the   corpus  luteum   Corpus  Luteum:  yellow  body   If  follicles  disappear:  woman  can’t  produce  gametes  and  or  oocyte  therefore  process   slowly  dies  down   Cilia  in  uterus  moves  sperm  to  fertilize  the  oocyte   Perimetrium:  around  the  uterus   Middle  layer:  myometrium  the  thickest  layer  in  the  uterus  because  it’s  pushing  baby   out  during  labor.   Inner  layer:  endometrium     Comparison  of  fertile  and  non-­‐fertile     Ovulatory  “fertile”  Mucus   Non-­‐ovulatory  mucus   clear   opaque   slightly  cloudy   scant   abundant   non  stretchy   slippery   rubbery   stretchy  like  raw  egg  whites   leaves  white  flakes  when  dry     dries  without  residue      


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