New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Lecture: Foundations of Trauma

by: Brianda Hickey

Lecture: Foundations of Trauma V05.0203

Brianda Hickey

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

A detailed set of notes on the Foundations of Trauma
When the Nightmare Is Real: Trauma In Childhood and Adolescence
Adam Brown
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in When the Nightmare Is Real: Trauma In Childhood and Adolescence

Popular in Cinema And Media Studies

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianda Hickey on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to V05.0203 at NYU School of Medicine taught by Adam Brown in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see When the Nightmare Is Real: Trauma In Childhood and Adolescence in Cinema And Media Studies at NYU School of Medicine.

Similar to V05.0203 at NYU

Popular in Cinema And Media Studies


Reviews for Lecture: Foundations of Trauma


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/22/16
Lecture: Foundations of Trauma What is Trama? There are two parts to trauma - the event and the reaction to the event A single experience, or repeating events that completely overwhelm the individual’s ability to cope or integrate the ideas or emotions involved with that experience Bessel Van der Kolk, 1989 “Traumatization occurs when both internal and external resources are inadequate to cope with external threat " Lenore Terr, 1991 “childhood trauma is the mental result of a blow, or a series of blows, rendering the young person temporarily helpless and breaking past ordinary coping and defensive operations” Type 1 Trauma: Single exposure - Trauma that happens once Car accident, death Type 2 Trauma: Chronic exposure - continually exposed to trauma Living with poverty, neglect, abuse If a child has different single exposures more than once, still qualifies as Type 1 trauma. Is not happening every day, is not chronic Basics of Trauma: It is usually an uncontrollable event The nature of the event is usually beyond the scope of ordinary human experience (usually rare or infrequent) It is usually unpredictable in the sense of a sudden event or a sudden change in mood of a violent parent. In an effort to process the event, the person is changed. Traumatic stress is mediated by Survival Circuits : Fight, Flight, Freeze Automatically go into one of three modes In the moment of danger, it is helpful…but when triggered (Post Traumatic Stress) later, it becomes problematic Basic Types of Traumatic Event Neglect Physical Abuse Sexual Abuse Medical Neglect Other Sources of Trauma Removal form home Multiple foster placements extreme neglect extreme poverty Home and community violence emotional/psychological abuse loss of significant abuse debilitating medical or psychiatric condition primary caretaker with debilitating medical or psychiatric conditions Natural Disasters The Effects of Trauma Might higher risk for emotional and behavior problems Disrupts healthy development If a baby’s needs are not being met, or being maltreated, the brain becomes wired to expect negative response from certain actions. If they do this, that happens Optimum development, requires nurturing environment/stimuli The temporal lobes (top), which regulate emotions and receive input from the senses, are nearly quiescent (i.e. inactive). When a traumatized person is reminded of their trauma, they react in an emotional way rather than rationally - their speech is effected Social & Emotional defects in Maltreated Children Maltreated children have lower social competence Have less empathy for others Have difficulty in recognizing other’s emotions Are less able to recognize their own emotional states Are more likely to be insecurely attached to their parents Trauma can be hard o diagnose because it looks like to many other things - Depression, PTSD< Phobias, ADHD, Risk Taking, Bipolar Disorder etc. How does Childhood Maltreatment exert Such Powerful effect? It occurs during sensitive developmental periods It impacts on fundamental development processes Childhood is a time for learning (languages, music, motor skills most easily acquired) Number of synapses increases dramatically after birth Environment-stimulated neuronal activity is critical for elaboration of synaptic territories and ‘proper’ connections A child’s brain (When experience maltreatment) Does not develop currently, but due to brain elasticity with the current help it may be corrected ACE Study In the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study of over 17,000 enrollees in an insurance plan, a host of challenging childhood events were the most significant predictors of adult ischemic heart disease, cancer, chronic lung disease, skeletal fractures, and liver disease People were given a questionnaire to fill out, indicating which traumatic event they experienced Upper middle class people - a general population The greater Adverse experience, the more likely to antidepressant prescription, smoking alcoholism perpetrate domestic violence Developing health conditions GRAPH Very important to get help, if not…can lead to many problems There are nine categories of traumatic childhood events psychological, physical and sexual abuse; violence against the mother, living as a child with a household member who abused substances, was suicidal or mentally ill, or was ever imprisoned absence of one or both parents; and physical or emotional neglect Inter-generational Transmission of child abuse and neglect A child abused makes them more likely to hurt themselves (dugs, alcohol, social behavior etc) and eventually hurt others -> children Factors that ‘increase’ Trauma effect Exposure to direct life threat Injury to self – extent of physical pain Witnessing of mutilating injury/grotesque death (especially to family or friends) Hearing unanswered screams or cries of distress Being trapped or helpless Unexpectedness or duration of the experience Number and nature of threats during episode Degree of violation of physical integrity of child Degree of brutality and malevolence Low IQ Absence of supportive adult, meaningful relationshiop Being female Being young Several factors are believed to make an event traumatic for an individual, including: Abiltiy to prepare Severity of abuse/perceived violation Duration (length of incident and number of times) Degree of humilation or helplessness Was the support system damaged? Being exposed to trauma may lower IQ The Challenger Study Children might be traumatized by events that do not directly affect their personal safety or the safety of their loved ones Closeness to the traumatic event plays a role in the severity of symptoms Adolescents may have fewer symptoms because they can place the event within a larger context Emotional involvement and frequency of exposure play a role in the development of post traumatic symptoms Although many children don’t meet full criteria for a psychiatric disorder, they have frequently significant symptoms


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.