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INR2001 Lecture Notes 2/15/16-2/19/16

by: Kalie Maniglia

INR2001 Lecture Notes 2/15/16-2/19/16 INR2001

Marketplace > University of Florida > Political Science > INR2001 > INR2001 Lecture Notes 2 15 16 2 19 16
Kalie Maniglia

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About this Document

These notes cover in detail the material from the lectures on 2/15-2/19.
Introduction to International Relations
Nolan,Richard Anthony
Class Notes
INR2001, international relations, UF, University of Florida
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kalie Maniglia on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to INR2001 at University of Florida taught by Nolan,Richard Anthony in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Florida.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
INR2001 Notes 2/15/16  Terrorism: group who has larger political goals and use premediated threats or violence to gain a larger audience. o Tactic of the weak o Terrorism targets noncombatants o Terrorism=defined by means; freedom fighting= defined by ends o Choose targets because of their symbolic value, want to get attention to motivate people. o Being a target is a matter of uncertainty and fear o Increasingly transnational, although most attacks are domestic  Technology makes crossing national borders easier and more random. o Terror was a way to draw attention to a cause that suggests leadership should be questioned. o Transnational actors are less bound by state constraints  Technology aids access and lethal elements o Terrorism makes it difficult for states to reach their goal of security o 9/11 was declared an act of war, but traditionally war is between states but this was about non-state actors who mobilized resources  Nuclear Weapons: the means to end life on Earth forever o Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs)  Conventional tanks, guns, rocket launchers  Nonconventional WMD o They are considered nonconventional because of the scale of destruction o 4 effects of Nuclear Bomb  Blast; shockwave that destroys and flattens  Fire; heat immediately releases, burns up to 24 miles away from ground zero. Vaporized if close to this.  Radiation; causes humans and animals to become poisoned and die immediately.  Fall out’ long term effect of radio activity. Radiation disseminates after being vacuum sucked into the stratosphere. o Nuclear Winter: smoke and dust filtered into the atmosphere, sun can no longer reach the surface so we freeze and die.  Even if you kill your adversary or deploy a successful nuclear attack, you will die because of the effects of a nuclear winter.  Conflict Resolution o Deterrence  Threat of strength is a deterrent  Nuclear weapons are no longer used for defense but as a deterrent o Security with nuclear weapons is peace o Diplomatic NOT security concept o Requires a credible commitment to believe the threat of an adversary INR2001 2/17/16 Notes  Deterrence: fear or cost of retaliation o Nuclear weapons are a means of deterrence o Deterrence is diplomacy—communication o Need:  Credible commitments  Ability to retaliate after you’ve been struck o Deterrence=capability x perceived resolve  Easier to know capability than perceived resolve  More difficult to predict intentions  Perception or psychological advantage is the goal  Retaliation o Each side must feel confident that they can retaliate in order to deter war o Must have the ability to retaliate at your disposal at all times o Stabilize o Delivery system  In a constant state of flux, because of technology  Make sure delivery systems are invulnerable and would survive a first strike o Survival and what is left is all you need to retaliate o Retaliation must be invulnerable, must survive second strike  Arms control: how to make a very stable deterrence—management o Make sure each side does not feel inclined to strike first o Not necessarily disarmament o ABM (missile treaty ‘60s), SALT (strategic arms limitations talk ‘70s) put limits on delivery systems, START (strategic arms reduction treaty) INF (intermediate nuclear forces treaty ‘87) o Preemptive: feels fear  Great deal of stress, negative information, we’ll strike first because we’re scared and are trying to knock out your ability to strike back o Preventative: feels confident  Feeling confident we’ll get away with it, we can knock out your ability to retaliate o Not necessarily what A intends, but what B perceives A intends o Triad: ICBMs, SLBMs, Bombers (cold war delivery systems)  Vulnerable, need fuel, rearm with men, fixed targets during fueling period.  Threats o Technology aids calculation and increases odds of survival o Technology allows us to hit more targets with fewer delivery systems  Strategies o Counter value: targeting people  MAD (mutually assured destruction) o Counter force: targeting military  NUTs (nuclear utilization theories)


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