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Medical Terminology Notes (2/15-2/17)

by: Sadie Jaramillo

Medical Terminology Notes (2/15-2/17) BIOL 245

Marketplace > Fort Hays State University > Biology > BIOL 245 > Medical Terminology Notes 2 15 2 17
Sadie Jaramillo

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About this Document

These notes cover last week, days 2/15 and 2/17
Medical Terminology
Dr. Richard Packauskas
Class Notes
Medical terminology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sadie Jaramillo on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 245 at Fort Hays State University taught by Dr. Richard Packauskas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Medical Terminology in Biology at Fort Hays State University.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
FEBRUARY 15, 2016 Treatments: Tenodesis : (ten/o, tendon) The surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone. Tenolysis : The release of a tendon from adhesions. Tenorrhaph:y(-rraphy, surgical suturing) Surgical suturing together of the divided ends of a tendon. Myorrhaphy: The surgical suturing of a muscle wound. R I C E: -Rest -Ice -Compression -Elevation CHAPTER 5: CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Pericardium: Also known as the Pericardial sac is the double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart. Hemoglobin: The iron-containing pigment of the erythrocytes that transports oxygen. Leukocytes: White blood cells, involved in defending the body against infective organisms and foreign substances. Leukopenia: Any situation in which the total number of leukocytes in the circulating blood is less than normal. PATHOLOGY : Ischemic Heart Disease: (isch/o, to hold back) A condition in which there is an insufficient oxygen supply due to a restricted blood flow to a part of the body. Embolus: A foreign object circulating in the blood. Thrombus: Static obstruction produced at site. 1 Angina: A condition of episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium, also known as angina pectoris. Myocardial Infarction: Is the occlusion of one of moe coronary arteries caused by plaque buildup, also known as a heart attack. (MI) Endocarditis: An inflammation of the inner lining of the heart. Cardiomyopathy: The term used to describe all diseases of the heart muscle. Valvulitis: An inflammation of a heart valve. Cardiac Arrest: An event in which the heart abruptly stops or develops abnormal arrhythmia that prevents it from pumping blood. ARRYTHMIAS: Arrhythmia: An abnormality, or loss of the normal rhythm of the heart. (Possibly preventing proper pumping) Electrocardiogram: (EKG, ECG) A record of the electrical activity of the myocardium. Bradycardia: An abnormally slow resting heart rate. Tachycardi:a(tachy-, fast, rapid) An abnormally rapid resting heart rate. Atrial Fibrillation: (fibrill/o, muscular twitching) The normal rhythmic contraction of the atria is replaced by rapid irregular twitching of the muscular heart wall, also known as A fib. Paroxysmal Atrial Tachycardia: (paroxysm/o, sudden attack) An episode that begins and ends abruptly during which there are very rapid and regular heartbeats that originate in the atrium. Ventricular Fibrillation: The rapid, irregular, and useless contractions of the ventricles, also known as V fib. Ventricular Tachycardia: A very rapid heart beat that begins within the ventricles, also known as V tach. VESSEL PATHOLOGIES: Reynaud’s Phenomenon: A peripheral arterial occlusive disease in which intermittent attacks are triggered by cold or stress. 2 FEBRUARY 17, 2016 Aneurysm: A localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wall of an artery. Chronic Venous Insufficiency: A condition in which venous circulation is inadequate due to partial vein blockage or leakage of venous valves, also known as venous insufficiency. Phlebitis: (phleb/o, vein) The inflammation of a vein. Varicose Vein:sAre abnormally swollen veins, usually occurring in the superficial veins of the legs. Thrombus: A blood clot attached to the interior wall of an artery or vein. Thrombotic Occlusion: The blocking of an artery by a thrombus. Thrombosis: (thromb/o, clot) Formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system. Thrombolytic: A clot-busting drug, dissolves or causes a thrombus to break up. Coronary Thrombosis: Damage to the heart muscle caused by a thrombus blocking a coronary artery. Embolus: A foreign object, blood clot, quantity of air or gas, or habit of tissue or tumor that is circulating in the blood. Embolism: The sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus. Blood Disorders: Blood Dyscrasia: (-crasia, mixture, blending) Any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood. Septicemia: (sept/o, infection, partition, -emia, blood) A systemic condition caused by the spread of microorganisms and their toxins via the circulating blood, formerly, known as blood poisoning. Thrombocytosis: (thromb/o, clot) Is an abnormal increase in the numbers of platelets (= thrombocytes) in the circulating blood. Thrombocytopenia: A condition in which there is an abnormal small number of platelets circulating in the blood. 3 Transfusion Reaction: A serious, potentially fatal, complication of a blood transfusion in which a severe immune response occurs because the patient’s blood and the donated blood do not match. Cholesterol: A fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body. Myelodysplastic Syndrome: (-plastic, pertaining to formation) A group of bone marrow disorders that are characterized by the insufficient production of one or more types of blood cells due to dysfunction of the bone marrow. Leukemia: A type of cancer characterized by a progressive increase in the number of abnormal leukocytes found in blood forming tissues, other organs, and in the circulating blood. Anemia: A lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood. Aplastic Anemia: Characterized by an absence of all formed blood elements caused by the failure of blood production in the bone marrow. Hemolytic Anemia: A condition of inadequate number of circulating red blood cells due to the premature destruction of red blood cells by the spleen. Pernicious Anemia: Caused by a lack of the protein intrinsic factor (IF) that helps the body absorb vitamin B12 from the gastrointestinal tract. Sickle Cell Anemia: Genetic disorder that causes normal hemoglobin, resulting in some red blood cells assuming an abnormal sickle shape. 4


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