Week 4 of notes
Week 4 of notes History 110A
Cal State Fullerton
Popular in World Civilization to 16th Century
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Veronica Barragan on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 110A at California State University - Fullerton taught by Stefan Chrissanthos in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see World Civilization to 16th Century in History at California State University - Fullerton.
Reviews for Week 4 of notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/22/16
5 century/ 400s BC Greece Ionia 540BC Ionian Revolt 499-494 Marathon 490 Xerxes486-465 Hellenic league 480 Thermopylae Leonidas Salamis Platea 479 Golden/Classical 479-399 Persia attacked Greece in an attempt to conquer them and make Greece part of their empire A. Ionia a. Cyrus conquers Ionia in 540 BC b. Ionia was populated by Greeks i. This means that Greeks became subjects of Persians ii. Greeks didn’t like Persians and wanted their independence back c. Ionian Revolt i. Lasted from 499-494 BC ii. When the Ionians revolted from Persia they were aware of the Persian power and knew that they would need help. Specifically Military Aid iii. They sent messengers across the sea to Greece and they begged their fellow Greeks for help. iv. The problem was that everyone in Greece knew how powerful the Persians were and almost no one wanted to mess with Persia 1. Almost every Polis said no v. There was exception though, the polis of Athens, who agreed to send military aid. 1. They sent hoplites and ships to help the Ionian revolt 2. The revolt fails 3. The Ionians are defeated and the ring leaders of the revolt are executed. 4. Ionia is again forced to be a subject of Persia vi. Darius 1. Darius decides to punish the Ionians, but he also decided that he will punish Athens. 2. In 490 BC Darius gathers 20,000 soldiers and sends them across the sea and arrive at Athenian territory at a place called Marathon, it was 26.2 miles away from Athens. 3. The Persians send a message that says resistance is futile so they should surrender and become subjects of Persia. 4. The Athenians had to decide if they should surrender or fight. a. Athenian citizens decided b. They decided to fight 5. In a Polis the people who decide to go to war are the same people who go fight. 6. The Athenians ask for help, but everyone says no 7. The Athenians march out to marathon with about 10,000 soldiers vii. The battle of marathon takes place and in a huge the Athenians defeat the Persians. Athenians lost 192 men and the Persians lost 7,000 men. B. Athenians beating the Persians a. They were fighting to protect their homes and families b. They had home field advantage c. They used hoplite armor (Iron armor) d. The Persians did not use armor in battle C. Darius was very upset so he decides he will take his time for a proper invasion of Greece, not just Athens anymore. a. The Persians did not return for 10 years b. The Greeks were fortunate it took the Persians this long because i. Darius dies and is replaced by his son Xerxes, who wasn’t a great military leader like his father. ii. Xerxes makes a number of mistakes that helps Greeks c. In 480 BC Xerxes is ready and gathers an army of 200,000 men largest ever seen at the time. i. Also a navy of 600 triremes, 200 per trireme ii. By September of 480 the Persians are in Greece iii. The Greeks know the Persians are coming iv. The Greeks join together and form a band/union known as the Hellenic League 1. Included in this were League were Athens, greatest navy army and Spartans, who had the best army. 2. Total of 31 polis were united 3. Altogether there were 40,000 hoplites and 400 triremes v. The Greeks decide to try and stop the Persians at a place named Thermopylae 1. They tried to stop them there because it is a very narrow pass between the mountains and the sea and the hoplites could have an advantage there. 2. Leonidas led the Spartans 3. The Persians arrive and for two days they are unable to break through. 4. A Greek traitor appears and tells Xerxes that there is a secret trail through the mountains 5. The Greeks realize what is happening and are able to get away 6. Leonidas and his soldiers stay and fight to the death. 7. There was a prophecy that the Greeks could only win of Sparta lost a king. 8. The Greeks lose the battle at Thermopylae 9. The Athens flee and Persians capture Athens without a fight a. Xerxes burns Athens to the ground as revenge b. Xerxes decides to send his fleet into the channel to destroy the Greek Navy. c. This was a mistake because the Persians had faster and more boats so they should have fought in the open sea. d. In a narrow channel the Greeks have the advantage d. The battle of Salamis i. The stronger Greek Navy defeats the Persian Navy ii. As a result to this battle Xerxes panics. iii. He no longer has a navy and is afraid he will be trapped in Greece iv. Xerxes takes most of his army and flees back to Persia. v. He leaves 70,000 soldiers in Greece e. The battle of Platea i. 40,000 Greek hoplites faced 70,000 Persians ii. The Greeks defeat the Persians and the surviving Persians flee back to Persia. iii. They won for the same reasons Athens won at Marathon iv. Important because as a result of this victory Persians were forced of Greece and they would never return v. The Persians would never conquer Greece vi. Victory would allow Greeks to develop a unique and independent civilization. vii. The victory gave Greeks a lot of confidence viii. They were the first to beat the Persians which only proved the Polis was superior D. Marks the beginning of the Golden/Classical age of Greece which lasts for the rest of the century.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'