Music in World Cultures Week Four
Music in World Cultures Week Four 302
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by catherrinedoll on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 302 at Humboldt State University taught by Novotney,ED in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Music in World Culture in Music at Humboldt State University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Music in World Cultures February 16, 2016 Africa: General Listened to: “Afrika” by Mbongeni Ngema Chorus translation: “Africa, you are the honey. Africa, it’s not your fault.” Five human groups in Africa 1. AfroAsiatic = Caucasians in the North West 2. NigerCongo and Bantu = in the West 3. Pygmy = in the Midwest 4. Khoisan = in the South West 5. Austronesian = South East Saharan Africa (North) more Islamic influence Sub Saharan Africa (South of the Sahara Desert) more European and indigenous influences Recommended Scholarship Africa General by Alan Merriam African Music by Kwabena Nketia Specialist vs. Professional Specialist: a person devoted to one particular pursuit highly skilled; expert Professional: follows an occupation as a means of livelihood sustains their life with the activity Emic vs. Etic Emic: “what it means” a point of view from inside the culture Etic: “how it sounds: a point of view from outside the culture Africa General: Musical Characteristics 1. Interlock 2. Cyclical Form 3. Rhythmic Complexity 4. Dense Sound Quality 5. Core and Elaboration Parts 6. Oral/Aural Tradition *these are characteristics that unite MUCH of the music in Africa INTERLOCK: fitting an idea into the spaces left by another can contain BOTH counterpoint & overlap Simple Interlock: counterpoint only Complex Interlock: contains bother counterpoint and overlock February 18, 2016 CYCLICAL FORM: cycles are repeated over and over with no designated ending repetition allows for maximum participation by nonspecialists RHYTHMIC COMPLEXITY: Polyrhythm: the simultaneous occurrence of two or more conflicting rhythms Mastery of polyrhythm is seen as mental health training for life in the Elway culture DENSE SOUND QUALITY: BUZZ is preferred Word for buzz in Elway translates to “shield” CORE AND ELABORATION PARTS: The CORE is the foundations that makes the ELABORATION possible The core of any music is what is required for people to participate ORAL/AURAL TRADITION Oral: I say it Aural: I hear it OBSERVATION moves to IMITATION then to PARTICIPATION In the Western World it is objectification, then translation, then participation
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