Week 8 AMH2097
Popular in Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States
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Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by JennaEliteNotetaker on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMH2097 at Florida State University taught by Dr. Amundson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
2/22/16% &! 1854%Republican%party%founded% o! had%northern%ideology% o! believed%the%north%was%superior%to%the%south% &! In%1860%Abraham%Lincoln%was%elected% &! Southerners%feared%the%loss%of%federal%power% &! Republicans%started%to%openly%appeal%to%white%men%who%were%not%slave%holders% &! Secession% o! 7%states% o! South%Carolina%was%the%first%to%go%(it%had%the%most%slaves)% &! Confederate%States%of%America%(CSA)% o! Modeled%after%the%American%one% o! Jefferson%Davis%was%the%president% o! Had%6%year%terms%for%presidents% &! Lincoln’s%first%inaugural%address%he%spoke%on%civil%war% o! Said%he%had%no%interest%in%ending%slavery% &! Fort%Sumter% o! CSA%fireththe%first%shots%at%fort%in%South%Carolina% o! April%12 %1861% o! Abraham%Lincoln%requested%troops% o! More%states%joined%the%CSA% o! Resulted%in%split%of%Virginia%and%West%Virginia%in%1863% &! Confiscation%Act% o! Fredrick%Douglas%welcomed%secession% !! Thought%that%this%was%a%war%on%slavery% o! Northerners%thought%the%Civil%War%would%end%quickly% !! Were%confident%in%their%bigger%population,%better%transportation%routes,%and%amount% of%factory%work/production% o! 1,000s%of%free%black%men%offered%to%fight%for%the%Union% !! July%1861%Battle%of%Bull%Run% o! Lincoln%would%not%open%ranks%in%the%military%to%black%men% o! African%American%men%and%women%pledged%loyalty%to%federal%union% &! The%Union%army%captured%the%sea%islands%of%South%Carolina% o! Slaves%were%left%behind%on%the%islands%when%dwellers%fled% o! Federal%officials%allowed%for%clothes,%food,%and%education%to%be%provided%to%these%slaves% o! Slaves%said%they%were%being%treated%the%same%way%as%they%previously%were%by%their% masters% o! Were%organized%into%South%Carolina%volunteers% &! Emancipation%Proclamation% o! Most%Americans%finally%saw%this%as%a%war%on%slavery% &! American%Equal%Rights%Association% o! Woman’s%rights%movements% !! Ended%during%war%to%demonstrate%political%loyalty%and%competency% !! As%a%result,%the%little%rights%women%of%this%time%did%have%were%scaled%back% &! Homestead%Act%of%1862% 2/22/16% o! Legislation%that%opened%the%western%land%in%the%US%to%settlement%to%any%free%man%or% woman% o! Allowed%people%who%purchased%land%to%pay%in%increments% o! Government%offered%bonuses%to%people%to%begin%settling%Oregon% o! Passed%three%times%and%was%vetoed% o! Actively%promoted%in%Europe% !! Drew%10,000s%of%immigrants% o! Railroads%to%this%area%had%continued%to%be%constructed%during%the%war% &! Dakota%War%of%1862% o! Happened%in%Minnesota% o! Dakota%tribe%vs.%federal%troops/militias% o! Began%in%August%1862% o! Ended%with%the%largest%mass%execution%in%US%in%1862% o! The%tribe%had%not%received%their%annuity%payment%this%year% !! Created%famine%among%the%tribe%because%they%could%not%hunt%or%trap%and%were%not% provided%with%food%or%the%funds%for%food% o! The%war%ended%in%October%1862% o! In%December%1862,%these%tribal%members%were%convicted%of%rape/murder% !! These%members%did%not%speak%English%so%they%could%not%defend%themselves%and%were% not%given%legal%representation% Cahokia – mound builders ; had city of 40,000 people which was largest settlement in America at this time ; had hierarchy system ; practiced human sacrifice ; had a main monks mound ; a community of wide reach across the US ; at first people did not believe indigenous people had the ability to build such a thing ; around year zero Encomienda system – Spanish explorers took native Americans under their protection but make them work and attempted to convert them through compromises ; Spanish colonial system for managing native labor ; wanted to make natives work for Spanish empire ; first labor system in Spanish America ; slave system ; in return the natives would receive protection from violence and war and natives would receive instruction on Spanish language an religion ; 1500s Squanto – helped the pilgrims ; tribal person that came into contact with puritans ; he could speak English from being in Europe ; helped puritans ; where myth of first thanksgiving came from Black Alice – example of what slavery was like in the north ; was en slaved for 116 years (her entire life) ; she was treated better than slaves in the south ; lived in Philadelphia ; did not work in a slave ; worked for pay which was turned over to her enslaver ; encountered black and white people ; received respect in Philly The Great Awakening – US still under colonial rule ; pushed back against state churches ; said that the individual could decide their own religion and that you didn’t need church leaders to interpreted things for you and tell you what to believe ; reli gion was a person decision and that you made the personal decision of if you went to heaven or hell ; meant to bring people back to their religion ; people questioned the state churches and started to create their own churches ; people became advocates of separation of church and state The Plan of Union – Ben Franklins original idea ; 1730s ; early attempt to unite American colonies around questions of trade and dealing with native American people ; told tribal people it would build better relationships ; British were opposed to this because they didn’t want to give their colonies too much power ; arose with perceived need of cooperation among colonies French and Indian War – 7 years war between England and France ; led to division of territories ; Britain got a bunch of territory from France ; had expanded up to Mississippi river ; ended Salutary neglect in colonies ; Great Britain had previously let it’s colonies run itself ; after this war Great Britain needed revenue because they gained a lot of new territory and needed to defend their western boarder in America ; decided colonists should pay for this ; started implementing legislation which Americans got upset over Neolin – Urged tribal people to think of themselves as one group ; urged them to not wear western clothes or speak English Pontiac’s War – Result of Neolin and his beliefs ; Pontiac brought together 40 different tribes that started to raid British outposts ; took over Detroit (British military outpost) ; response to religious movement ; led to hostility of colonists from native Americas Proclamation Line of 1763 – established by British ; said white people couldn’t settle west of Appalachia mountains ; wanted to end disputes between whites and native Americas ; divided natives and colonists ; Upset colonists because The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 – outlawed slavery North of the Ohio river, allowed it south of the Ohio river Gradual Emancipation – before 1800, slaves would be set free after so many years th 3/5 s Compromise – a compromise that was part of the debate over the constituation that stated 3/5ths of a slaves population could count toward a slave holdings states as 3/5ths of their legislative representation Second Middle Passage – forced movement of enslaved people to north from south ; early 1800s to period before civil war Missouri Compromise – Once Missouri joined the union allowed states bellow to allow slave (including it) and those above it did not allow slaves ; attempt by congress to deal with the fact they were admitting a slave state into the union ; banned slavery in the Louisiana purchase territory ; set clear boundaries within new territory about where slavery was and was not allowed ; 1819 ; During Thomas Jefferson’s presidency Democracy in America – A book written by a French man ; about modern state of democracy in America ; was in the US to study American prison system ; to understand America you needed to understand American democracy ; in 1830s had a different type of politics than other places in the world ; every free white man could vote ; widespread interest in political process Kensington Bible Riots – Dispute in Philly regarding religious instruction in public schools ; happened in 1844 before famine migration ; families got upset because public school had required religious practices catered toward protestants ; Catholics got mad ; period of rioting directed at Irish Catholics, Catholic churches, and Irish Catholic individuals “Bridgets” – term used for Irish women ; used as derogatory term to make them seem lesser than American women ; stereotype that developed about Irish women ; were in domestic service ; what native-born Americans perceived as differences between native-born American’s and Irish women ; Stereotyped as male hungry, clumsy, Gottfried Duden – German in Missouri ; wanted to educated Germans about life in America ; claimed life in US was a place you could achieve unheard of wealth and success as long as you worked hard ; convinced 10s of 1000s of Germans to migrate to US in 1830s and 1840s ; believed in self made man Wilmot Proviso – portion of the new territory that would be put toward slavery after Mexican American war ; 1846 US gained southwest territory ; debate about slavery came up ; US expanded west ; attempted to deal with the new acquires territory ; was supposed to ban slavery in all of the newly acquired territory ; caused division between northerners and southerners ; neither side wanted to budge on this issue Compromise of 1850 – had to deal with growing sectional division ; fugitive slave act was updated ; originally in US constitution ; allowed federal agents to deputize average citizens and if a federal agent was going after a slave run away he could make anyone in the public assist him with his pursuit ; fugitive slave act was much harsher than it had been in the past The Kansas-Nebraska Act – Let Nebraska in as a free state and allowed Kansas to decide if they wanted to be a free or slave state and threw out the Missouri compromise ; 1850s ; tried to get southern support for the transcontinental railroad through Illinois ; Steven Douglas suggested that this territory be divided into two pieces and that both territories get to decide if they allow slavery in their territory or not