Iconography Art civilization 201
Cal State Fullerton
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alicia Mutlu on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art civilization 201 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Elisa mandell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see ART CIVILIZATION in Art at California State University - Fullerton.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Iconography term list eikon: word for picture or image (Greek) graphe: to write (Greek) Jan van Eyck:AFlemish artist in the 1440’s appreciated as an artist. He was known for oil focussing on detail laden with symbolic meaning. fuit hic: “was here” Arnolfini Portrait: The painting of the couple in the room with the inscription on the back wall under the mirror. Palenque: Mayan City Temple of Inscriptions: Build in Palenque sarcophagus: Tomb where kings are buried (coffin) axis mundi: WorldAxis (latin) Alberto Ruz:Mexican archeologist Pakal “Hand-Shield”: a Person Xibalba :Mayan Place of fright “place of fear” Quadripartite Monster:Amonster with that appears with the four items: a shell, spiny oyster, sting-ray spine, and a symbol meaning vegetation. (corn) K’awil: Mayan God celt: Ceremonial Stone ax Iconographic analysis: see the symbols in a picture to find a differing meaning Feb 10th Standardization is important - Jan Van Eyeck • Double portrait iconographic analysis - He signs the back wall with “Jan van eyecup was here. -1434” - Signifying that he was a witness to their “betrothal” • Seeing as how historically they weren't married that year - The back wall has a convex mirror with pictures from the bible of jesus and all the events leading up to his crucifixion. (The Passion) - Ten small circles • Representation for Gods eye - Because of how you can see more in a convex mirror - Judged - The rosaries to the left • Saint Margaret: For child birth and labor - One candle lit in the Chandelier • Jesus’s presences • In the Netherlands wives would light a candle that would be snuffed after they are wed. - She’s not pregnant • Just holding heavy cloth toward her abdomen - Suggesting her fertility because it was coveted at that time. - and changing conceptions of beauty over time • Back then (15th century Netherlands) it was ideal to have a swollen belly - Suggesting the ability to procreate - Her green dress Life- rebirth-nature-green-life • - The dog • Represents fidelity loyalty dedication or lust - The dog is placed between them suggesting marital fidelity - The colors which contrast show their cast very clearly • Peasants wear brown, the wealthy wear color. - The man has removed his shoes • Like moses - Fruit ripening on the windowsill • Suggests fertility - The two marry after Jan Van eyecup dies Mayan Iconography Mayan region extending over Guatemala, Portugal Mayans and people of mayan descent are still alive and kicking - Classic Period 700 BCE - 9 tiered pyramid in Palinque • With a rectangular temple atop • To get to the underworld you have to travel through 9 levels of hell - Astone slab with holes pulls open and finds a stairway filled intentionally i • in 1950 its excavated - inside a large chamber with 5 young adults - a funerary crypt - sarcophagus and sarcophagus lid - Large monolith • Mayans are known for creating corbel vault or arches in the shape of triangles - It’s thought to be Pakals tomb - Pakal seated on the quadripartite monster with one knee pointing toward the top and the left knee is fallen and you can see the bottom of his foot. It is as though he is falling • the lighter parts of his body are higher - Like his necklace, limbs, and hair - The quadripartite monster • The symbol of the sun on its forehead - Looks like a butterfly - Under the eyes and nose there are small holes also in the mandible - Correct to human anatomy - Surrounding him is a U shape type of structure • And Maw of the underworld • Showing the bottom jaw of the monster partly and the human mandible - Representation maw on both sides - As he falls into the underworld riding the monster and the sun falls as well Common belief in mayan culture that the sun falls into Xibalba every night and is • resurrected at dawn everyday - Triangular shaped bone on the tip of his nose • Represents re-birth - Pakal wears his hair like the maize god • Famous for dancing out of Xibalba • Insinuating he will be reborn just as the Maize god has • Resprouting out of the underworld - Also wears the Maize god’s skirt with tubular beads - like a little smoking celt - like the god K’awil • Known for royalty • Blood letting - Pakal is royalty • His head is indented • Altered - Accentuating this by wearing a fake nose bridge - Behind him is the world tree- marking the center point of the death • Marked as a sacred location - In the upper left a three glyph symbol for • venus • Asmiling face • and bones - Rebirth blood- round dots or blood or sap of the tree - Atop the tree is the Mythical Bird • In transition between life and death partially skeletal - Through these symbols its more than likely that this is Pakals tomb for in addition • It has his split toenail • His ancestors He was throned at 12 and died at 80 • • Temple of inscriptions hieroglyphic texts crypt - Metaphorical cave- an artificial mountain is this pyramid - He points north as the direction of the ancestral dead and leaving xibalba (watery underworld)
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