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FRIT-F313 Chapter 1 Notes

by: Kathryn Brinser

FRIT-F313 Chapter 1 Notes FRIT-F313

Marketplace > Indiana University > French > FRIT-F313 > FRIT F313 Chapter 1 Notes
Kathryn Brinser
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About this Document

Covers chapter 1 in Contrastes French Grammar book: Present Indicative and Imperative Tenses.
Advanced French Grammar
Aiko Okamoto-Macphail
Class Notes
frit-f313, frit f313, french, french grammar, advanced french grammar, indicative tense, indicative, imperative tense, Imperative




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Brinser on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FRIT-F313 at Indiana University taught by Aiko Okamoto-Macphail in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Advanced French Grammar in French at Indiana University.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
Notes de Chapitre 1 (not full)- Present Indicative and Imperative 10-14-15  Imperative o Formation  General idea  Start with present form  Regular –er verbs as well as aller drop –s at end in tu form except when followed by en or y  Ex. Infinitive → Present → Imperative acheter → tu achètes → achète(s-y/en) nous achetons → achetons vous achetez → achetez aller → tu vas → va(s) nous allons → allons vous allez → allez choisir → tu choisis → choisis nous choissisons → choissisons vous choissisez → choissisez  Exceptions: être, avoir, savoir  Same forms as their subjunctives  être sois soyons soyez  avoir aie ayons ayez  savoir sache sachons sachez  Vouloir  Has 2 imperative forms  In affirmative: o Theoretically veuille, veuillons, veuillez; in current language, use only veuillez + inf. to show politeness/signify obligation to do something  In negative: o With en vouloir à quelqu’un (to be mad at sb), use veux, voulons, voulez o Forms used in affirmative possible but much less used  Ex. Veuillez sonner avant d’entrer. Please ring before entering.  Ex. Veuillez vous adresser au guichet. For information, please go to the ticket counter.  Ex. Ne m’en veux/voulez pas. OR Ne m’en veuille/veuillez pas. Don’t be mad at me.  Ex. Ne leur en voulons pas trop. OR Ne leur en veuillons pas trop. Let’s not be too mad at them.  Placement of pronouns  In affirmative, right after imperative verb, always with hyphen  In negative, before imperative without hyphen  Ex. Donne ce livre à ta sœur. Donne-le à ta sœur. Donne-le-lui. Ne le lui donne pas.  Pronominal verbs  In affirmative, pronoun always preceded by hyphen, placed right after imperative; te → -toi  In negative, before imperative without hyphen  Ex. se lever tu te lèves lève-toi ne te lève pas nous nous levons levons-nous ne nous levons pas vous vous levez levez-vous ne vous levez pas o Uses  Orders, wishes, prayers  If followed by futur simple, has sense of suggestion  Ex. Sortez immédiatement ! Get out immediately! o Amuse-toi bien ! Have fun! o Arrête ! Stop! o Oh ! Excuse(z)-moi ! Oh, sorry! o Allons-nous-en. Let’s go. o Aide-toi, le ciel t’aidera. (Proverb) God helps those who help themselves. (Same as Si tu t’aides toi-même, le ciel t’aidera.) rd  Orders in 3 person o Use que + subjunctive o Ex. Qu’il vienne quand il voudra ! Let him come whenever he wants!  Forms of address (polite)  Used with vouloir and avoir  Ex. Veuillez agréer, Monsieur, … Sincerely yours, …  Ex. Ayez l’amabilité de + inf. Be kind enough to…  Aller and tenir + other imperative  In speaking, allons/allez placed before another imperative, meaning Oh, come on!, Tsk-tsk, OK, All right…,  Tiens/tenez + other imperative means Here…[do this, take that] o Used alone, tiens, tiens signifies surprise  Ex. Allons, ne fais pas cette tête-là ! Oh, come on! Don’t sulk/make such a face!  Ex. Allez, viens OR venez ! OK, come along now!  Ex. Tiens, prends OR Tenez, prenez celui-là ! Here, take that one!  Ex. Tiens, tiens ! Well, well! Fancy that!


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