Week 5 Notes
Popular in Introduction to World History
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abbie Notetaker on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 125 at George Mason University taught by Hook in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introduction to World History in History at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
1. In comparison to Egypt, Meroe saw women more as equals in regards to government. In fact, the female pharaoh Hatshepsut in Egypt wore men’s clothing instead of being portrayed as a powerful female like women in leadership positions in Meroe. Because the people of Meroe could rely on rainfall being a staple in agriculture, people of their population did not depend on irrigation as much as Egypt or other places would. Due to this fact, the people of Meroe did not make the Nile the center of their lives, unlike Egyptians. a. Both Meroe and Axum paralleled on a smaller scale with major features like longdistance trading connections, urban centers, centralized states, complex societies, monumental architecture, written languages, and imperial ambitions.As for the Christian kingdom of Axum, their civilization marked a significant change in comparison to Meroe. Their agriculture produced generous amounts of wheat, barley, millet, and teff, which is a crop unique to the region. The capital city of Axum was a center for the arts due to monumental buildings and more. The eventual takeover of Meroe was due to a campaign of imperial expansion. 2. The Mayan civilization had three major achievements including hieroglyphs, discoveries in astronomy, and arts and architecture with pyramids. All three of their achievements connect because, without developing a written language, it would be hard to document findings in science and measurements and descriptions with the makings of pyramids. One difference between the Maya and Teotihuacan was the art. Unlike Mayans, their art revealed few images of selfglorifying rulers or individuals. Another difference was that the Teotihuacan civilization had a more prominent presence with governing and military power. The Moche people were quite wealthy, which is evident in the lives of their warriorpriests whom lived atop giant pyramids. One difference between Cahokia and Chaco was that Cahokia had a much larger urban presence, despite the emergence of both occurring at the same time. 3. The Bantu migration was an expansion of the Bantuspeaking people from Cameroon and Eastern Nigeria to East, Central, and Southern Africa. Movement generated crosscultural encounters. For instance, farmers that spoke Bantu were at an advantage because, as agriculture produced a more productive economy, it enabled a larger number of people to live in a smaller area. 4. What is meant by silk, sand, sea, and American roads is trade. Sea roads exchange across the Indian ocean and shared things of the indian culture. Sand roads trade across the Sahara and Mediterranean world and exchanged ivory, camels, slaves, gold, horses, cloth, and salt. Silk roads used relay trading and China’s silk was in high demand. On the interactive map, I looked into Nara, the capital of Japan. It was interesting because it served as a Buddhist powerhouse. After the influx of opium, the importance of silk trade died down a bit in places like Afghanistan. 5. The chinese influenced the Japanese when it comes to the alphabet. Of course, they modified it for spoken Japanese. Just as the Chinese have a form of dynasty, the Japanese civilization developed a similar dynastic history. Also, Confucianism was introduced into the Japanese culture.
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