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Week 5 Notes

by: Abbie Notetaker

Week 5 Notes HIST 125

Abbie Notetaker
GPA 3.7

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Notes about Africa and the Americas 500 B.C.E. to 1200 C.E./ Roads of Global Commerce/East Asian Connections
Introduction to World History
Class Notes
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abbie Notetaker on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 125 at George Mason University taught by Hook in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introduction to World History in History at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
1. In comparison to Egypt, Meroe saw women more as equals in regards to government. In  fact, the female pharaoh Hatshepsut in Egypt wore men’s clothing instead of being  portrayed as a powerful female like women in leadership positions in Meroe. Because  the people of Meroe could rely on rainfall being a staple in agriculture, people of their  population did not depend on irrigation as much as Egypt or other places would. Due to  this fact, the people of Meroe did not make the Nile the center of their lives, unlike  Egyptians.   a. Both Meroe and Axum paralleled on a smaller scale with major features like  long­distance trading connections, urban centers, centralized states, complex  societies, monumental architecture, written languages, and imperial ambitions.As  for the Christian kingdom of Axum, their civilization marked a significant change  in comparison to Meroe. Their agriculture produced generous amounts of wheat,  barley, millet, and teff, which is a crop unique to the region. The capital city of  Axum was a center for the arts due to monumental buildings and more. The  eventual takeover of Meroe was due to a campaign of imperial expansion.   2. The Mayan civilization had three major achievements including hieroglyphs, discoveries  in astronomy, and arts and architecture with pyramids. All three of their achievements  connect because, without developing a written language, it would be hard to document  findings in science and measurements and descriptions with the makings of pyramids.  One difference between the Maya and Teotihuacan was the art. Unlike Mayans, their art  revealed few images of self­glorifying rulers or individuals. Another difference was that  the Teotihuacan civilization had a more prominent presence with governing and military  power. The Moche people were quite wealthy, which is evident in the lives of their  warrior­priests whom lived atop giant pyramids. One difference between Cahokia and  Chaco was that Cahokia had a much larger urban presence, despite the emergence of  both occurring at the same time.  3. The Bantu migration was an expansion of the Bantu­speaking people from Cameroon  and Eastern Nigeria to East, Central, and Southern Africa. Movement generated  cross­cultural encounters. For instance, farmers that spoke Bantu were at an advantage  because, as agriculture produced a more productive economy, it enabled a larger  number of people to live in a smaller area.  4. What is meant by silk, sand, sea, and American roads is trade. Sea roads exchange  across the Indian ocean and shared things of the indian culture. Sand roads trade  across the Sahara and Mediterranean world and exchanged ivory, camels, slaves, gold,  horses, cloth, and salt. Silk roads used relay trading and China’s silk was in high  demand. On the interactive map, I looked into Nara, the capital of Japan. It was  interesting because it served as a Buddhist powerhouse. After the influx of opium, the  importance of silk trade died down a bit in places like Afghanistan.  5. The chinese influenced the Japanese when it comes to the alphabet. Of course, they  modified it for spoken Japanese. Just as the Chinese have a form of dynasty, the  Japanese civilization developed a similar dynastic history. Also, Confucianism was  introduced into the Japanese culture. 


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