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FRIT-F313 Chapter 4 Notes

by: Kathryn Brinser

FRIT-F313 Chapter 4 Notes FRIT-F313

Marketplace > Indiana University > French > FRIT-F313 > FRIT F313 Chapter 4 Notes
Kathryn Brinser
GPA 4.0
Advanced French Grammar
Aiko Okamoto-Macphail

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About this Document

Covers chapter 4 in Contrastes grammar book: Disjoint Pronouns and their forms in certain idiomatic constructions.
Advanced French Grammar
Aiko Okamoto-Macphail
Class Notes
frit-f313, frit f313, french, french grammar, advanced french grammar, disjoint pronouns
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This page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Brinser on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FRIT-F313 at Indiana University taught by Aiko Okamoto-Macphail in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Advanced French Grammar in French at Indiana University.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
Notes de Chapitre 4 Disjoint Pronouns and Their Forms in Certain Idiomatic Constructions 91615 0 Disjoint Pronouns DPs 0 Forms 1st person moi nous 2quot l person toi vous 3rel person luiellesoi euxelles Elles nous and vous can be subject pronouns Soi refers to an indefinite or an impersonal pronoun on gt soi 0 Ex Chacun poir soi Every man for himself 0 Ex I faut savoir prendre sur soi It s important to keep a grip on thingsoneself 0 Functions DPs generally separated from verbs Replace exclusively person nouns After preposition o Sur sous pour devant derri re entre de 1 c t de autour de etc 0 However with de alone introducing thing noun use en 0 Ex Viens avec moi 0 Ex Elle est partie sans eux 0 Ex I se moque toujours de Lisa He s always making fun of Lisa I se moque toujours d elle se moque bien de ton probl me He doesn t care a bit about your problem I s en moque bien After affirmative imperative 0 Me and te become moi and toi except when followed by en 0 Ex Levetoi 0 Ex Donnemoi ca 0 Ex Donnem en n comparisons 0 Ex Il est plus ag que toi 0 Ex Elle est moins grande que moi Elliptical responses 0 Ex Qui veut du champagne gt Moi 0 Ex Qui a cases ce vase Toi Subject pronouns or multiple objects coordinated by et ou or ni 0 Ex Ma soeur et moi allons souvent ensemble au cin ma 0 Ex Je ne vous reconnais pas ni lui ni toi sur cette photo quand atelle t prise I recognize neither him nor you in this picture when was it taken Choisis C est moi ou elle Choose It s between me and her For reinforcing pronoun or clarifying its gender 0 Always in speaking 0 Ex Lui il me tape sur les nerfs He s really getting on my nerves Ex Moi je n y vais pas je suis trop occup e 0 Ex Eux Faire une chose pareille Pas possible Those people Do a thing like that No way Can also reinforce DP by adding m mes 0 Ex 0 Ex J ai trouv ca moim me I found it myself 0 Ex s me l ont dit euxm mes Highlighting with c est preposition moi toi eux quique etc o Idiomatic construction 0 Ex Estce que c est toi qui as appel 0 Ex C est a elle de d cider 0 Ex C est eux que ca regarde pas moi 39 39 not mine In restrictions with il n y 1 que moi toi etc quique subjunctive 0 Also idiomatic 0 Ex ll n y a que lui qui puisse travailler le weekend He s the only one who can work weekends 0 Ex ll n y a que toi qui saches confectionner ce dessert You re the only one who really knows how to make this dessert After certain verbs constructed with 1 o 1person 1DP o 1thingy 0 Includes 0 All pronominal verbs constructed with 1 o Etre 1 qqn to belong to sb and avoir affaire 1 qqn to have to deal with sb 0 Most of which verbs 1 introduces compliment of person OR thing I Exceptions d sjob ir 1 qqnqqch to disobey sb or orders always constructed with IO pronoun for people nouns 0 Ex pense a ses amis pense a eux 0 Ex Je n ai jamais pu m habituer a ces gens I could never get used to these people Je n ai jamais pu m habituer a eux 0 Ex pense a son prochain weekend H y pense 0 Ex Je n ai jamais pu m habiter a leur froideur I could never get used to their coldness Je n ai jamais pu m y habiter s adresser a qqn s attacher a qqchqqn se confier a qqn se donner a qqchqqn se fier a qqchqqn s habituer a qqchqqn s int resser a qqchqqn se joindre a qqn s opposer a qqchqqn s en prendre a qqn avoir affaire a qqn tre a qqn faire attention a qqchqqn penser a qqchqqn Verb list 1 disjoint pronoun for people y for things to talkdeal with sb in order to get serviceinfo to become attached to sth or sb to confide in sb to give oneself to sb sexually to devote oneself to sth to trust sth or sb to get used to sth or sb to be interested inkeen on sth or sb to join sb to oppose sth or sb to take it out on sb to have to dealto do with sb to belong to sb to pay attention to sth or sb to think ofto remember sth or sb prendre garde a qqchqqn recourir a qqchqqn renoncer a qqchqqn r ver a qqchqqn songer a qqchqqn tenir OR tre attach a qqchqqn to look out forto mind sth or sb to have recourse to sth or sb to give up on sth or sb to dream about sth or sb to think ofto must about sth or sb to be attached to sth or sb In French one cannot addresser une questionun probl me One must say aborder une questionun probl me Compare Pour les r servations adressezvous a lui Elle n a jamais abord la question gt Elle ne l a jamais abord e The expression to join sb or sth does not translate literally There are many phrases to use depending on the context Se joindre a qqn pour faire qqch to join sb in doing sth Retrouver qqn to join sb Joindrerejoindrecontacter qqn to join sb by phone etc Prendre un verre avec qqn to join sb in a drink S enrolerentrer dans l arm e to join the army Devenir membre d un clubadherer a un club tojoin a club 0 Le la l Ies vs En vs De disjoint pronoun I DO pronouns le la l Ies Recall these replace DO nouns neutral le replaced adj attributes verb phrases infinitives dependent on main verb without preposition Ex Ex Ex Ex Tu as fini tes devoirs gt Oui je Ies ai finis Madame Lecoin est charmante attribute mais son mari est beaucoup moins charmant Madame Lecoin est charmante mais son mari l est beaucoup moins Je savais qu il tait revenu gt Je le savais s m ont dit de les attendre gt Us me l ont dit I Pronoun en Can replace quantities definite or not name of thing preceded by de verb phraseinfinitive dependent on verb constructed with de Ex Ex Ex Ex Tu as des devoirs pour demain gt Oui j en ai Indefinite quantity Vous vous servez de cet ordinateur gt Oui je m en sers constamment Je me m fie de ce qu il dit gt Je m en m fie I don t trust what he s saying Je me souviens qu il est venu a No l l an pass gt Je m en souviens I remember that he came at Christmas last year I de disjoint pronoun Ex This construction replaces only nouns that are people introduced by de Ex J ai entendu parler de cet acteur I ve heard about this actor J ai entendu parler de lui II a besoin de ses amis II a besoin d eux o Luileur vs sz 1 disjoint pronoun I Distinctions often confusing I IO pronouns lui and leur Recall replace most often IOs dependent on verb 1 introducing mainly people nouns Exceptions verbs in list above that take 1 DP Ex Ex Ex Ex Ex Elle parle a son fr re gt Elle lui parle Elle s est confi e a sa m re gt Elle s est confi e a elle t l phone souvent a ses parents gt H leur t l phone souvent Cette voiture est 1 Marc et Catherine gt Cette voiture est a eux Mon pere a permis a ma soeur de sortir samedi soir gt Mon pere lui a permis de sortir samedi soir I Pronoun y Recall replaces 1 place 1 thing 1 verb phraseinfinitive Exceptions with donner figurative devoir and pr f rer always use luileur for people or things never y Ex Ex Ex Ex Elles sont all es a Rouen ce matin Elles y sont all es Nous avons renonc a cette id e Nous y avons renonc Je tiens a ce que vous reveniez avant minuit J y tiens Elle a donn un petit coup defer a son chemisier She gave her shirt a quick ironing Elle lui a donn un petit coup defer I 1 disjoint pronoun This construction replaces only nouns that are people that are depenedent on the verbs below Do not confuse with 1 thing y Exceptions d sjob ir 1 qqnqqch to disobey sb or orders always constructed with IO pronoun for people nouns Ex Ex Ex Ex n a pas fait attention au passant pedestrian gt H n a pas fait attention a lui Je n ai pas fait attention a ce d tail gt Je n y ai pas fait attention Do not confuse Je m adresse toujours a cette dame quand je vais dans cette agence gt Je m adresse toujours a elle quand je vais dans cette agence always deal with this lady when I go this agency II a d sob i a ses parents gt H leur a d sob i 0 Do not confuse I Penser 1 vs Penser de Penser 1 to think about sthsb Penser de to have an opinion on sthsb Ex Ex Ex Ex Je pense a ma soeur 1 person Je pense a elle Tu penses trop a ton examen 1 thing Tu y penses trop Que pensestu de cette fille de person Que pensestu d elle Que pensestu de ce film de thing Qu en pensestu I Parer 1 vs Parer de vs Parer avec Parer 1 qqn to speak to sb Parer de qqnqqch to talk about sbsth Parer avec qqn to have a conversation with sb to consult sb Ex J ai parl 1 Jim il est d accord 1 person 0 Ex 0 Ex 0 Ex Je lui ai parl il est d accord Je parle souvent avec Jim Je parle souvent avec lui Pourquoi me parlestu si souvent de Jim Pourquoi me parlestu si souvent de lui Je t avais parl de ce film de thing Je t en avais parl avec person de person I Jouer d un instrument de musique vs Jouer 1 un jeusport 0 Ex 0 Ex Elle joue tres bien du violon Elle en joue tres bien Elle joue souvent aux checs OR au tennis She often plays chess OR tennis Ee yjoue souvent I Confier 1 vs Se confier 1 0 Ex 0 Ex J ai confi mon secret a ma meilleure amie I shared my secret with my best friend Je lui ai confi mon secret Je me suis confi e a ma mere confided in my mother Je me suis confi e a elle 0 Forms of Pronouns in Certain Idiomatic Constructions 0 IO pronouns particular cases I Referring to body parts 0 IO pronouns used with definite article when D0 is body part 0 Ex 0 Ex Je lui ai serr la main I shook hands with himher lui a tir les cheveux He pulled hisher hair I Plaire 1 qqn vs Manquer 1 qqn o Constructed in opposite way in French as opposed to English 0 0 Ex 0 Ex 0 Ex 0 Ex 0 Ex IQ of French verb corresponds to subject of English verb vice versa Mes parents plaisent beaucoup a man petit ami My boyfriend likes my parents a lot Mes parents lui plaisent beaucoup Malheureusement mon petit ami ne plait pas du tout a mes parents Unfortunately my parents don t like my boyfriend at all Malheureusement mon petit ami ne leur plait pas du tout Ses parents lui manquent Heshe misses hisher parents s lui manquent Heshe misses them manque a ses parents His parents miss him leur manque They miss him Tu me manques I miss you Je te manque Do you miss me I Replacing pour jusqu 1 chez person IO pronouns can also replace person nouns preceded by these chez in abstract sense 0 When chez in concrete sense use DPs Ex J ai trouv des billets de th atre pour mes parents gt Je leur ai trouv des billets de th atre o pour eux less common Ex Le courrier parvenait rarement jusqu aux habitants de ce village isol gt Le courrier leur parvenait rarement The mail rarely reached the poeple living in that isolated village 0 jusqu a eux less common Ex s ont d couvert des talents insoupconn s chez ce garcon gt Us lui ont d couvert des talents insoupconn s 0 They found unexpected talents in this boy chez in figurative sense Ex Nous allions souvent chez mes grandsparents gt Nous allions souvent chez eux 0 We often went to my grandparents chez in concrete sense house Replacing apres autour sur dans person Luileur can replace these prepositions person noun 0 Preposition comes after verb Sur gt dessus Dans gt dedans others do not change Ex II a couru apr s la voleur gt H lui a couru apr s He ran after the thief gt He ran after him 0 apres lui less common Ex tourne un peu trop autour de ma soeur gt H lui tourne un peu trop autour He s been hanging around my sister a little too much 0 autour d elle less common Ex L agent a saut sur le voleur gt L agent lui a saut dessus The policeman tackled the burglar o sur lui less common Ex Une voiture lui est rentr e dedans Heshe was hit by a car 0 Construction with DP impossible here one says IlElle s est fait heurter par une voiture OR IlElle a eu un accident avec une autre voiture Construction with faire causatif When infinitive dependent on faire causatif has 2 objects person AND thing thing always replaced by DC person always by IO 0 Pronouns placed before conjugated verb NOT infinitive Ex Nous avons fait transformer la cuisine DO par notre architecte ID We had the kitchen remodeled by out architect Nous la lui avons fait transformer We had him remodel it o Pronouns y and en particular cases Usual principle of y 1 place 1 thing 1 verb phraseinf en de quantityde thingde verb phraseinf not respected Ex Ex Both pronouns replace person nouns introduced by 1 or de Occurs in speaking Il est amoureux de Sophie gt H en est amoureux Il est amoureux d elle is more correct Je pense souvent a Jacques gt J y pense souvent Je pense souvent 1 lui is more correct O Prohibited grouping of pronouns Unlike English me te se nous vous cannot be grouped in pairs or placed with lui or leur 0 First 5 are ambiguous can be DOs or IOs 0 To avoid confusion replace IOs luileur with 1 DP Only happens in 2 cases Pronominal verb a 0 Ex Paul se joint 51 moi pour vous souhaiter une bonne ann e Pauls joins me in wishing you a happy New Year 0 Ex Allez vous addresser a elle Go talk to her to get infoservice Pr senter and recommander 0 Ex s nous ont pr sent es a lui They introduced us to him OR We were introduced to him s nous l ont pr sent They introduced him to us Elle m a recommand e a eux She recommended me to them 0 Ex Elle me les a recommand es 0 She recommended them to me 0 Ex 0 Ex


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