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FRIT-F313 Chapter 6 Notes

by: Kathryn Brinser

FRIT-F313 Chapter 6 Notes FRIT-F313

Marketplace > Indiana University > French > FRIT-F313 > FRIT F313 Chapter 6 Notes
Kathryn Brinser
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About this Document

Covers chapter 6 of Contrastes French Grammar book: Direct Interrogation; Forms of Interrogative Sentences (ie. inversion, "est-ce que ...", etc.)
Advanced French Grammar
Aiko Okamoto-Macphail
Class Notes
frit-f313, frit f313, french, french grammar, advanced french grammar, interrogation, questions, direct interrogation, inversion
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Brinser on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FRIT-F313 at Indiana University taught by Aiko Okamoto-Macphail in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Advanced French Grammar in French at Indiana University.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
Notes de Chapitre 6: L’Interrogation Directe 8-25-15 6-3: L’Interrogation par Inversion  Subject is simple pronoun- preceded by hyphen, right after conjugated verb or after helping verb in compound tenses o Ex. As-tu vu Sophie ? Est-ce vraiment nécessaire ?  Subject is noun/person- put before conjugated verb; repeated after verb with corresponding pronoun (- il/ils or –elle/elles) o Ex. Laura est-elle partie ? Ces gens ont-ils des enfants ?  Verb ends with vowel in 3 person singular- must insert -t- between verb and pronoun “il/elle” o Ex. Julie aime-t-elle les asperges ? Y a-t-il des questions ?  Verb in 1 person present- inversion rare; use “est-ce que je + present” or “suis-je en train de + infinitive” o Ex. Est-ce que je dis une bêtise ? Suis-je en train de dire une bêtise ? o “Avoir, être, aller, devoir, pouvoir » allow inversion of “je”  Ex. Ai-je le temps d’acheter un journal ? Suis-je en retard ? Vais-je y arriver ?  Subject is “ça”- do not put after verb; must use “est-ce que ça + ver” or “cela + verb + [-t]-il” o Ex. Ça fonctionne ? → Est-ce que ça fonctionne ? ou Cela fonctionne-t-il ?  Verb has direct/indirect objects like “y” and “en”- put pronoun(s) before conjugated verb; if subject is name, put at beginning of phrase before pronouns o Ex. Ont-ils rendu la voiture à leurs parents ? → La leur ont-ils rendue ? Luc et Marc ont-ils rendu la voiture à leurs parents ? → Luc et Marc la leur ont-ils rendue ?  Question is negative- put “ne/n’” at beginning of phrase or right after noun subject; pronoun objects go after “ne” o Respond « si » to negative questions instead of « oui » o Ex. N’aviez-vous pas déjà lu ce roman ? → Ne l’aviez-vous pas déjà lu ? 6-5: Ordre des Mots avec Où, Quand, Comment, Combien, et Pourquoi  Supported/current language- interrogative adverbs always go at beginning of phrase o Subject is “cela”- must add [-t]-il after verb  Ex. Où tout cela (this) nous mènera-t-il ? o Subject is name- use inversion for double subject  Ex. Quand Sophie revient-elle ?  Familiar language- put at end  Ex. Supported- Quand Sophie part-elle ? or Comment feront-ils ? Current- Quand est-ce que Sophie part ? or Comment est-ce qu’ils feront ? Familiar (oral)- Sophie part quand ? or Ils feront comment ? 6-6: Les Questions avec Quel et Lequel, etc.  Quel/quelle/quels/quelles agree in gender and number with noun they qualify  Lequel/laquelle/lesquels/lesquelles (which) agree in gender and number with noun to which they refer o Lequel/lesquel(le)s + à or de = auquel/auxquel(le)s and duquel/desquel(le)s 6-7: Ordre des Mots avec Quel et Lequel, etc.  Quel/quelle and lequel/laquelle always at beginning of phrase  Cannot do construction with “est-ce que”  Use inversion with double subject in negatives/rhetorical questions  Ex. Quel homme politique a dit cela ? → Lequel a dit cela ? (Which one said that?) Quel homme politique n’a-t-il pas dit cela ? Rhetorical question, also negative → Lequel n’a- t-il pas dit cela ?  If quel/quelle, etc. is an attribute of a noun, noun goes after verb “être,” like English o Ex. Quels sont les résultats des élections ? Quelle heure est-il ? 6-8: Les Questions avec Qui, Que, et Quoi  Invariable interrogative pronouns  Questions with Qui o Used for people o Response always a person o If person is subject of verb, use “qui” or “qui est-ce qui”  Ex. Qui part ce soir ? or Qui est-ce qui part ce soir ? o Always a singular word except when in front of être- depends on context  Ex. Qui vient ce soir ? Anne et Pierre. Qui sont ces gens ? Les Lambert. o If person is direct object of verb, use “qui” or “qui est-ce que/qu’”  Ex. Familiar- Vous avez vu qui ? Current- Qui est-ce que vous avez vu ? Supported- Qui avez-vous vu ? o If person is object of preposition, use preposition + “qui” or “qui est-ce que/qu’”  Ex. Familiar- Tom a parlé à qui ? Current- À qui est-ce que Tom a parlé ? Supported- À qui Tom a-t-il parlé ?  Questions with Que and Quoi o Response always action/thing o If action/thing is subject, use "qu’est-ce qui” for all forms of language (there is no short form)  Ex. Qu’est-ce qui te gêne (bothering) ? Qu’est-ce qui sent si bon ? o If action/thing is direct object, use "que” or “qu’est-ce que/qu’”  In familiar form, “que” → “quoi”  In supported, inversion with name subject is only form possible after “que”  Ex. Familiar- Tu fais quoi ? Current- Qu’est-ce que tu fais ? Supported- Que fais-tu ?  Ex. F- Marion a dit quoi ? C- Qu’est-ce que Marion a dit ? S- Qu’a dit Marion ? o If action/thing is object of preposition, use preposition + “quoi” for all forms  Ex. F- Il s’intéresse à quoi ? C- À quoi est-ce qu’il s’intéresse ? S- À quoi s’intéresse-t-il ?  “Who is…?” vs. “What is…?” o Ex. F- C’est qui ? C- Qui est-ce ? S- Qui est cette personne ? o Ex. F- C’est quoi ? C- Qu’est-ce que c’est ? S- Qu’est-ce ? 6-10: L’Inversion Stylistique du Nom Sujet  Stylistic inversion with noun subject- simple compared to double-subject inversion o Noun placed after verb (after past participle in compound tenses)  Ex. Inversion à double sujet (style soutenu (supported))- Quand cette lettre est-elle arrivée ? Inversion sytlistique (style courant soigné (current))- Quand est arrivée cette lettre ? Question avec « est-ce que » (style familier)- Quand est-ce que cette lettre est arrivée ?  Necessary after “quel est…?” “qui est…?” “quel âge a…?” o Ex. Quel est le prix de ce tableau ?  Qui sont ces gens ?  Quel âge a cette petite fille ?


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