Representing Divinity: Buddha
Representing Divinity: Buddha Art civilization 201
Cal State Fullerton
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alicia Mutlu on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art civilization 201 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Elisa mandell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see ART CIVILIZATION in Art at California State University - Fullerton.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Representations of Divinity: Origins of the Buddha end of the Vedic period (ca. 800-500 B.C.E.) Kushan Dynasty- first to fourth century BCE samsara – reincarnation King Kanishka (r. 78-143 C.E.) karma-An action whether it be bad or good Gandhara Overall will determine your rebirth nirvana- Extinction, complete nothingness Mathura End of everything, inaction the Buddha Sakyamuni (Sage of the Sakya clan)- attributes of the Buddha: “enlightened one” • urna- dot on the forehead Gautama Siddhartha- Buddha's name • usnisa- extra skull space • halo • Bodhgaya- where he sat under the tree and reached long earlobes enlightenment • folds in neck Bodhi- sacred tree of enlightenment • wheels on feet pipal tree (ficus) yaksha (male) dharma- Principle of Cosmic Order yakshi (female) Law right way to live Queen Maya- Buddha’s mom The Great Departure- iconic moment of Buddha leaving his temple Mara, Lord of Desire- Tries to prevent Buddha from reaching enlightenment with desires Sarnath- Where Buddha gives his first lecture Maurya period (322-185 B.C.E.) KingAshoka (r. 273-232 B.C.E.)- First to erect Buddhist monuments aniconic- means without or no icon (image) Without any human image Buddha is represented without a figure Santa- a place • Stupa I o East Torana (gate) bhakti- to love a diety February 17th Buddha sneaks away while everyone’s sleeping. He Buddhism: Representing Divinity leaves to better understand the world. He becomes Art of SouthAsia anAscetic. Rejecting any and all daily comforts of Modern Regions being - Pakistan, India, life.After practicing extreme asceticism he says “if Afghanistan, Nepal, Tibet, Bouton, Bangladesh, and you bend the bow too far it will break”. and breaks Sri Lanka his fast. That is not the path to enlightenment. The great stupa is a scene from the great Traced back tot he third millenium BCE 4,00 year departure over head. Five horses a continuous time period to present. Clear emergence of figural narrative repeating across without any borders all in human representations in the Kushon Period. the same register to signify the passage of time. The Origins of Buddhism and key features of Shaki parasol helps us identify symbol of specialty or Munis life. Lots of illustrations of periods of his Nobility. When you're special someone would hold life. End of the evetict Period. General religious your umbrella for you. The horse is empty with no rethinking and experimentation. Samsara- Re- human representation of shake muni. The slaves incarnation the first concept to emerge. What carry the horse out because it is at night. The scene determines how we’re reborn depends on the continues ending with him reaching enlightenment. actions you’ve done while you’re alive. Results and Apair of footprints with wheels on the bottom. The the conditions we experience in our lives. There is body tree is surrounded by a fence then again no diety counting evaluating our actions. The goal without the fence.Astupid or reliquary remains of of enlightenment is to break out of samsara and to Shaki muni and other buddhist figures. There is no reach extinction (nirvana). Life is suffering and to door you walk around this circle stupah. relieve this suffering eternally is hell. Trying to Enlightenment is reached in Bodhgaya escape the suffering which they’ve endured.Against under a bodi tree. Mara, tries to distract him by acetic religion and brahman priests people are born sending his demons and his voluptuous daughters. and you don't get to choose your cast it all depends Buddha calls upon the earth touching the ground on luck. The reaction against this privileged and feeds off its strength obtaining enlightenment. positions and religon. Reaching Nirvana but he postpones his passing to Siddhartha Gautama (556-486 BCE) Son of teach others how to reach Nirvana as well. king Suddhonda and Queen Maya. There are no Life has pain and suffering it is inevitable. texts of his life before or after enlightenment only Theres nothing we can do but destroy desire to visual literature. But in this visual literature there is never attach yourself to anyone and anything. Free a complete record of his life. Shake Muni- sage of from desires becoming a monk becoming celibate, the shake clan. Queen Maya has a dream where a then detaching from ones own ego. Enlightenment white elephant comes out of the sky and into her is achieved through individual effort no need for conceiving buddha. On her way home she gives priests or casts and even women are welcome which birth grabbing a branch of the tree. Her right leg is is really quite revolutionary. crossed over her left and raised. Slaves surround Buddha goes to Sarnath for his first lecture her. He is birthed from her side.As he grows up his and dies. Referred to as the Final Blowing out. His father shelters him from all the suffering in the belongings are spread to many sages and kings. No world. One day Buddha sees an old beggar man and one knows why there is no human representation he just couldn't understand it. Wondering what is but an idea is that he has already reached nirvana beyond the palace. Takes on The Great Departure and has no physical form anymore. leaving his wife and child. His child’s name The idea of reaching enlightenment through translates to “ball and chain”.Attachment will only Bhakti rises in common culture and to make this lead to suffering. Desire is within a human which easier deities are represented in anthropomorphic leads to attachment which leads to suffering. forms. Because it is easier to love something that looks human rather than symbols. Devotion to a deity. Lay people desired images more so than moms and lay devotees needed help to practice and achieve enlightenment. Hinduism began using pictures to represent their gods and godessess around this time. To avoid loosing lay people and other followers they start representing buddha more realistically. EarliestAnthro images have greek letters, a halo, long lobes, a larger brain, Holding his hand out in a fear not sort of way. Whirl of hair in- between the eyes.As a price he wore lots of jewelry so his lobes sag now because he no longer wears them.Abudi shakfa will still wear jewerly MUTHRAN The hair line is indented and there are no individual hairs. The usnisa looks like soft serve.An archaic smile with the corners bent up and looks a little unnatural. The clothe looks like clingy gauze and sorta see through. Stylized with neat pleats. Body shape is robust but has no muscle definition. GANDARAH Greater naturalism overall, the eyebrows are still stylized and are perfect sort of half circles. The hair is realistic with actual curls and looks like eastern Mediterranean sculptures. More naturalism in the clothing hair and face. Body shape shows muscle definition. Some south asian sculptures have greek influences because of them invading. These human like representations of Buddha emerge at the same time in very different regions that are too far to have traveled at that time.
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