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FRIT-F313 Chapter 11 Notes

by: Kathryn Brinser

FRIT-F313 Chapter 11 Notes FRIT-F313

Marketplace > Indiana University > French > FRIT-F313 > FRIT F313 Chapter 11 Notes
Kathryn Brinser
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Covers chapter 11 of Contrastes French Grammar book: Future and Conditional Tenses (ie. futur simple, futur anterieur, conditionnel present, conditionnel passe)
Advanced French Grammar
Aiko Okamoto-Macphail
Class Notes
frit-f313, frit f313, french, french grammar, advanced french grammar, future tense, conditional tense, futur simple, conditional, futur anterieur, conditionnel passe, conditionnel present
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Brinser on Monday February 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FRIT-F313 at Indiana University taught by Aiko Okamoto-Macphail in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Advanced French Grammar in French at Indiana University.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
Notes de Chapitre 11- Future and Conditional Tenses 10-5-15  Future Tenses o Futur Proche (Immediate)  Translation: going to do something  Formation  Semi-auxiliary aller (present) + infinitive  When using aller in this tense, best to use avoir l’intention de + inf.  Uses  Expresses proximity/imminence of actions/facts  Can indicate intention  Ex. Il va revenir tout de suite. He’s going to come right back.  Ex. Que vas-tu faire l’an prochain ?  In past phrase (passé proche), always put aller in imparfait o Ex. J’allais justement t’appeler. I was going OR was just about to tell you.  Other ways to express proximity in future  For living things only: être près de + inf., être sur le point de + inf., s’apprêter à + inf. indicate imminence of future action  Avoir l’intention de +inf. describes intentional action  Devoir + inf. indicates probable future action or likelihood  In present phrase, conjugate verbs in present; in past, always use imparfait  Ex. Tu n’es pas près de les revoir. You won’t be seeing/You’re unlikely to see them anytime soon.  Ex. Nous sommes sur le point de partir. OR Nous nous apprêtons à partir. We’re just about to leave.  Ex. Je n’ai pas l’intention de rester. I don’t intend to stay.  Ex. Il doit arriver d’une minute à l’autre. He’s supposed to arrive any minute now.  Ex. Ne devaient-ils pas revenir vers huit heures ? o Weren’t they supposed to come back around 8 o’clock? o Futur Simple  Translation: will do something  Formation  General idea o Normally start with infinitive, add endings: -ai -ons -as -ez -a -ont o For –re verbs, drop final e o Ex. jouer Je jouerai Nous jouerons Tu joueras Vous jouerez Il/elle jouera Ils/elles joueront o Ex. finir finirai finirons finiras finirez finira finiront o Ex. boire boirai boirons boiras boirez boira boiront  Irregular verbs o Different stems, same endings être → je serai avoir → j’aurai aller → j’irai courir → je courrai devoir → je devrai envoyer → j’enverrai faire → je ferai falloir → je faudrai mourir → je mourrai pouvoir→ je pourrai pleuvoir → je pleuvrai savoir → je saurai tenir → je tiendrai (re)venir → je (re)viendrai voir → je verrai vouloir → je voudrai  -oyer, -uyer, and –ayer verbs o –oyer and –uyer: change y to i in all 6 forms  Ex. employer J’emploierai Nous emploierons Tu emploieras Vous emploierez Il/elle emploiera Ils/elles emploieront o –ayer: can change y to i or keep as is  Ex. essayer J’essayerai/essaierai Nous essayerons/essaierons Tu essayeras/essaieras Vous essayerez/essaierez Il/elle essayera/essaiera Ils/elles essayeront/essaieront  Appeler and jeter o Double l or t in all forms  Other –er verbs o Verbs with e or é in last syllable: change to è in all forms o Includes: acheter, peser, mener, (r)amener, emmener, se lever, espérer, répéter, préférer, etc.  Uses  Actions/facts in future o Ex. Tu liras le journal plus tard. o Ex. J’espère que vous aurez le temps de voir cette exposition. I hope you’ll have the time to see this exhibit. o Ex. Il fera meilleur demain.  SPF clauses o Propositions when phrase introduced by si; expresses foreseeable condition in future o Never put futur right after si condition o Ex. Demain si nous avons le temps, nous irons au musée d’Orsay.  Politeness in questions o Used in place of imperative to soften an order o Ex. Vous voudrez bien nous excuser. Will you [please] excuse us? o Ex. Vous leur direz de nous attendre. Will you [please] tell them to wait for us? o Futur Antérieur  Translation: will have done something  Formation  Auxiliary être or avoir (futur simple) + past participle  Suffices to use passé composé as usual, put auxiliary in futur simple  Ex. Infinitive → Futur Antérieur manger → j’aurai mangé se perdre → tu te seras perdu comprendre → nous aurons compris partir → vous serez parti(e)(s) avoir → ils auront eu être → elles auront été  Uses  Facts/actions that will be done by certain time in near or distant future o Ex. J’aurai terminé dans une heure. I will be done in one hour. o Ex. D’ici la fin de la semaine, toutes les feuilles d’érable seront tombées. By the end of the week, all the maple leaves will have fallen off the trees.  Probable explanation o Likely but not certain o Equivalent of devoir (passé composé) + inf. o Ex. Il aura oublié son rendez-vous. OR: Il a dû oublier son rendez-vous. He probably forgot OR must have forgotten his appointment. o Ex. Ils seront répartis par le dernier métro. OR: Ils ont dû repartir par le dernier métro. They probably took OR must have taken the last train. o Agreement of tense in subordinate clauses of the future  After quand, lorsque, dès que, une fois que, après que, etc., use futur simple or antérieur (according to meaning/context) when main verb is itself in future or imperative  Very different from English  Ex. Quand tu reviendras, nous irons faire des courses. (NOT tu reviens) When you come back, we’ll go shopping.  Ex. Nous irons prendre un café dès qu’il aura fini OR après qu’il aura fini son travail. We’ll go have coffee as soon as OR after he has finished his coffee.  Ex. Téléphone-moi dès qu’elle sera partie. Call me as soon as she is gone.  Conditional Tenses o Formation of present/past conditional  Present  Use same stems as futur simple, add imparfait endings: –ais -ions –ais -iez –ait -aient  Ex. jouer Je jouerais Nous jouerions Tu jouerais Vous joueriez Il/elle jouerait Ils/elles joueraient  Ex. finir Je finirais Nous finirions Tu finirais Vous finiriez Il/elle finirait Ils/elles finiraient  Ex. être Je serais Nous serions Tu serais Vous seriez Il/elle serait Ils/elles seraient  Ex. avoir J’aurais Nous aurions Tu aurais Vous auriez Il/elle aurait Ils/elles auraient  Futur vs. conditionnel présent vs. Imparfait o Do not confuse, especially in 1st person (je/nous) of verbs with -rer Futur → Conditionnel → Imparfait rentrerai rentrerais rentrais montrerons montrerions montrions  « Je ne saurais vous dire… » (I couldn’t possibly…) o In negative conditional, savoir + inf. means cannot o Usually omit pas o Ex. Je ne saurais vous dire pourquoi. I couldn’t possibly tell you why. o Ex. Nous ne saurions nous passer de l’Internet. We couldn’t possibly function without the Internet.  Passé  Auxiliary être or avoir (conditional present) + past participle Infinitive→ P.C. → Cond. Passé manger → j’ai mangé → j’aurais mangé finir → tu as fini → tu aurais fini se perdre → il s’est perdu → il se serait perdu voir → nous avons vu → nous aurions vu partir → vous êtes parti(e)(s)→ vous seriez parti(e)(s) être → elles ont été → elles auraient été avoir → ils ont eu → ils auraient eu o Uses  Expression of future in past  Mostly in stories/indirect past speech  Ex. « On se reverra. » (direct discourse) “We’ll see each other again.” Elle a promis qu’on se reverrait. (indirect) She promised [that] we would see each other again.  Ex. « Les grèves seront bientôt terminées. » “The strikes will be over soon.” Ils ont annoncé que les grèves seraient bientôt terminées. They announced [that] the strikes would be over soon.  Politeness  Present- used to express wish, desire, suggestion, will  Passé- may indicate extreme politeness, submission, even obsequiousness  Ex. Est-ce que Laura pourrait me garder les enfants cet après-midi ? Could Laura babysit for me this afternoon?  Ex. Le directeur est encore dans son bureau ? J’aurais souhaité lui parler. Is the director still in his office? I should have liked to speak with him.  Regret/reproach  Like English, express regret with vouloir, aimer, devoir, falloir in conditionnel passé + inf.  Ex. Ils auraient voulu te rencontrer. They would have liked to meet you.  Ex. Vous auriez dû me le dire ! You should have told me!  Advice, suggestion, anticipation  In general: devoir (cond. present) + inf.  Advice: can also use faire bien/mieux de (cond. present) + inf. (present or past depending on case)  Ex. Tu as l’air fatigue ; tu devrais te coucher OR tu ferais bien/mieux de te coucher. (advice/suggestion) You look tired; you should go to bed OR you’d do well/better to go to bed.  Ex. Il ne devrait pas tarder. (anticipation) He shouldn’t be long.  Possibility/eventuality  Can be present or past, depending on context  Ex. Tu ferais du parapente ? Would you go paragliding?  Ex. Vous n’auriez pas vu mes clés ? You wouldn’t have seen my keys?  Indignation  Present or past  Ex. Ça vous ennuierait OR dérangerait de ne pas fumer ?! Would you mind not smoking?!  Ex. Vous auriez pu frapper avant d’entrer ! You could have knocked before coming in!  Doubtful, imaginary, untrue facts  Present or past, depending on context/sense  Notably after si + imparfait OR plus-que-parfait  Also after au cas où  Ex. Nous pourrions les inviter si tu voulais. We could invite them if you wanted.  Ex. Si elle nous l’avait demandé, nous l’aurions attendue. If she had asked us, we would have waited for her.  Ex. J’ai pris un parapluie au cas où il pleuvrait. I brought an umbrella in case it rains.  Conjecture (apparently…)  Present or past, depending on context/sense  Ex. Une bombe a éclaté ; il y aurait une douzaine de blessés. A bomb went off; apparently, a dozen people were/have been wounded.  Ex. Ce millionaire aurait donné toute sa fortune à des associations caritatives. Apparently, this millionaire gave/has given his entire fortune to charities.  Imparfait in place of conditionnel passé (idiomatic)  Referring to inevitable consequence or fact which, in reality, does not happen  Really can use either one  Ex. Un pas de plus, et il tombait dans le canal. One more step, and he would have fallen into the canal [but he didn’t fall]. Could also say: …et il serait tombé… o Should, would and could: differences between French/English  Should  Devoir (cond.) [+ inf.]  If after if, translated by si jamais + present OR imparfait  Ex. Tu devrais prendre des vacances.  Ex. J’aurais dû annuler mon voyage. I should have canceled my trip.  Ex. Si jamais tu arrives OR arrivais avant nous, attends-nous. If you [should] get there before we do, wait for us.  Would  Do not confuse would conditional (eventuality, desire, politeness, etc.) with would indicating past  Ex. Je préfèrais aller skier demain plutôt que dimanche. I would prefer to go skiing tomorrow rather than Sunday.  Ex. J’allais souvent skier quand j’habitais au Colorado. I would often go skiing when I lived in Colorado.  Could  When indicating possibility, use pouvoir OR oser (cond.) [+ inf.]  Do not confuse with could in imparfait or passé composé  Ex. Je ne pourrais OR n’oserais jamais lui demander un tel service. I could never ask her to do me such a favor.  Ex. Je n’ai pas pu OR ne pouvais pas lui poser la question parce qu’elle n’était pas là. I couldn’t ask her because she wasn’t there.


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